See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(mouth) + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 口一中一 (RMLM), four-corner 61017, composition)

  1. to laugh
  2. dumb, mute
  3. become hoarse

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 196, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3835
  • Dae Jaweon: page 417, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 636, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+555E

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/4

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɣaX/ /ʔaX/ /ʔaX/ /ʔɯaX/ /ʔaɨX/ /aX/ /ʔaX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/4

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɣaH/ /ʔaH/ /ʔaH/ /ʔɯaH/ /ʔaɨH/ /aH/ /ʔaH/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/4

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɣæk̚/ /ʔɐk̚/ /ʔɐk̚/ /ʔɯak̚/ /ʔaɨjk̚/ /ɐk̚/ /ʔak̚/
Character (), Pronunciation 4/4

Initial: (34)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɣɛk̚/ /ʔæk̚/ /ʔɛk̚/ /ʔɯæk̚/ /ʔəɨjk̚/ /æk̚/ /ʔɐk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔaeX › /*ʔˤraʔ/ mute

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14210 0 /*qraːʔ/ 見史記後亦作瘂
14216 0 /*qraːɡs/ 見淮南子後亦作呀
14223 0 /*qraːɡ/
14224 0 /*qraːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. mute (unable to speak)

See alsoEdit

  • (lóng, “deaf”), (máng, “blind”)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. mute, dumb
  2. become hoarse

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • JIS: 2F28
  • Kuten: 1508
  • Shift JIS: 3671
  • EUC-JP: -
  • Frequency: not ranked
  • Nelson: not listed
  • New Nelson: 827
  • Halpern: not listed
  • Halpern Learners: not listed
  • Heisig: not listed
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: not listed
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(a) (hangeul , revised a, McCune-Reischauer a)

  1. deaf
  2. mute

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(á, , )

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