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U+555E, 啞
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-555E

[U+555D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+555F]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
(extended)
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 口一中一 (RMLM), four-corner 61017, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 196, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3835
  • Dae Jaweon: page 417, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 636, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+555E

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms “mute; hoarse”

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qaːʔ, *qraː
*qraː
*qraː
*qraːʔ, *qraːɡs, *qraːɡ, *qraːɡ
*qraːʔ
*qraːɡs
*qraːɡs
*qraːɡs
*qraːɡs
*qaː, *qaːɡs, *qaːɡ
*qaːɡs
*qaːɡ
*qaːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qraːʔ, *qraːɡs, *qraːɡ, *qraːɡ): semantic  (mouth) + phonetic  (OC *qraːɡs).

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-ʔa (mute).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.
Note:
  • é/ée - vernacular;
  • á - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/4
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (98)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔˠaX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔᵚaX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔaX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔaɨX/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔaX/
    Wang
    Li
    /aX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔaX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔaeX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔˤraʔ/
    English mute

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/4
    No. 14210
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qraːʔ/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. mute; dumb (unable to speak)
    2. hoarse
    Coordinate termsEdit
    • (lóng, “deaf”)
    • (máng, “blind”)

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/4 4/4
    Initial () (34) (34)
    Final () (113) (119)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () II II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔˠæk̚/ /ʔˠɛk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔᵚak̚/ /ʔᵚæk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔak̚/ /ʔɐk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔaɨjk̚/ /ʔəɨjk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔɐk̚/ /ʔɛk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɐk̚/ /æk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔɐk̚/ /ʔæk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    e e
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 3/4 4/4
    No. 14223 14224
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qraːɡ/ /*qraːɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (onomatopoeia) laughter; sound of laughing

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 3Edit


    Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/4
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (98)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔˠaH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔᵚaH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔaH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔaɨH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔaH/
    Wang
    Li
    /aH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔaH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/4
    No. 14216
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qraːɡs/
    Notes

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of ().
    2. (onomatopoeia) The sound of cawing.
    3. (onomatopoeia) The sound of a child learning to speak.

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. mute, dumb
    2. become hoarse

    ReadingsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • JIS: 2F28
    • Kuten: 1508
    • Shift JIS: 3671
    • EUC-JP: -
    • Frequency: not ranked
    • Nelson: not listed
    • New Nelson: 827
    • Halpern: not listed
    • Halpern Learners: not listed
    • Heisig: not listed
    • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: not listed
    1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (a) (hangeul , revised a, McCune–Reischauer a)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (á, , )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.