See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qraːʔ, *qraːɡs, *qraːɡ, *qraːɡ): semantic  ‎(mouth) + phonetic  ‎(OC *qraːɡs)

Han characterEdit

(radical 30 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 口一中一 (RMLM), four-corner 61017, composition)

  1. to laugh
  2. dumb, mute
  3. become hoarse

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 196, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3835
  • Dae Jaweon: page 417, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 636, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+555E

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Initial () (34) (34) (34) (34)
Final () (98) (98) (113) (119)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open Open
Division () II II II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔɣaX/ /ʔɣaH/ /ʔɣæk̚/ /ʔɣɛk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔɯaX/ /ʔɯaH/ /ʔɯak̚/ /ʔɯæk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔaX/ /ʔaH/ /ʔak̚/ /ʔɐk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔaɨX/ /ʔaɨH/ /ʔaɨjk̚/ /ʔəɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔaX/ /ʔaH/ /ʔɐk̚/ /ʔɛk̚/
Wang
Li
/aX/ /aH/ /ɐk̚/ /æk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔaX/ /ʔaH/ /ʔɐk̚/ /ʔæk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
e e
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔaeX ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔˤraʔ/
English mute

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
No. 14210 14216 14223 14224
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qraːʔ/ /*qraːɡs/ /*qraːɡ/ /*qraːɡ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. mute (unable to speak)

See alsoEdit

  • (lóng, “deaf”), (máng, “blind”)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. mute, dumb
  2. become hoarse

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • JIS: 2F28
  • Kuten: 1508
  • Shift JIS: 3671
  • EUC-JP: -
  • Frequency: not ranked
  • Nelson: not listed
  • New Nelson: 827
  • Halpern: not listed
  • Halpern Learners: not listed
  • Heisig: not listed
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: not listed
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(a) (hangeul , revised a, McCune-Reischauer a)

  1. deaf
  2. mute

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(á, , )

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