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Japanese Hiragana kyokashotai A.svg
U+3042, あ
HIRAGANA LETTER A

[U+3041]
Hiragana
[U+3043]

Contents

JapaneseEdit

Stroke order
 

Etymology 1Edit

Derived in the Heian period from writing the man'yōgana kanji in the cursive sōsho style.

PronunciationEdit

SyllableEdit

(romaji a)

  1. The hiragana syllable (a). Its equivalent in katakana is (a). It is the first syllable in the gojūon order; its position is (a-gyō a-dan, row a, section a).
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Common exclamatory sound made by people of various cultures around the world.

PronunciationEdit

InterjectionEdit

(katakana , rōmaji a)

  1. expresses surprise: Ah! Oh!
    Synonym: あっ (a')
  2. used to get someone's attention
  3. used as a response to someone's call
    Synonym: はい (hai)

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entries.
S
[prefix](chemistry) indicates a lower oxidation number: -ous
[affix]ranking next, coming after, sub-
[affix]Used as a phonetic element in transliterations, especially:
  1. Short for 亜細亜 (Ajia): Asia
  2. (obsolete) Short for 亜米利加 (Amerika): America, the United States
[affix]Alternative spelling of (a): white earth
[proper noun]a female given name
J
[noun]The first letter of Sanskrit, (a).
[affix]to flatter; to pander to
[affix]ridge (of roof); eaves
[affix]A prefix expressing familiarity.
[affix]Used as a phonetic element, especially in words from Sanskrit.
[affix]Short for 阿弗利加 (Afurika, Africa).
[affix]Short for 阿波国 (Awa no kuni, Awa Province).
H
[noun]muteness; dumbness
[affix]mute, dumb
H
[affix]frog (amphibious animal)
H
[affix]illness; disease
(This term, , is the hiragana spelling of several Sino-Japanese terms.)
For a list of all kanji with on'yomi , not just those used in Sino-Japanese terms, see Category:Japanese kanji with on reading あ.

Etymology 4Edit

Hiragana
Kanji

From Old Japanese j-. The short form of あれ (are).

Fell into disuse in roughly the Heian period,[2][1] when it was replaced by (wa).

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

(rōmaji a)

  1. (obsolete) first-person personal pronoun: I, me
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3456)
      宇都世美能 夜蘇許登乃敝波 思気久等母 安良蘇比可祢弖 乎許登奈須那
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3457)
      宇知日佐須 美夜能和我世波 夜麻登女乃 比射麻久其登尓 乎和須良須奈
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3458)
      奈勢能古夜 等里乃乎加恥志 奈可太乎礼 乎祢思奈久与 伊久豆君麻弖尓
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū (book 14, poem 3471)
      思麻良久波 祢都追母安良牟乎 伊米能未尓 母登奈見要都追 乎祢思奈久流
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)
    • c. 10011014, Murasaki Shikibu, Genji Monogatari (Yūgao)
      が君、生き出で給へ。いと、いみじき目な見せ給ひそ
      (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Etymology 5Edit

Hiragana
Kanji

/ka//a/

Shift in pronunciation from (ka). Appears from the Heian period.[2]

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

(rōmaji a)

  1. distal demonstrative, something far off removed from both speaker and listener: that, yon
Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 6Edit

Hiragana
Kanji

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(rōmaji a)

  1. (obsolete) foot

Etymology 7Edit

Hiragana
Kanji

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(rōmaji a)

  1. (obsolete) ridge between rice fields; ridge between groves

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan