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See also:
U+4E9E, 亞
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E9E

[U+4E9D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E9F]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 7, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 一中中一 (MLLM), four-corner 10107)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 87, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 274
  • Dae Jaweon: page 183, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 23, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+4E9E

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms
𠀓

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qaːʔ, *qraː
*qraː
*qraː
*qraːʔ, *qraːɡs, *qraːɡ, *qraːɡ
*qraːʔ
*qraːɡs
*qraːɡs
*qraːɡs
*qraːɡs
*qaː, *qaːɡs, *qaːɡ
*qaːɡs
*qaːɡ
*qaːɡ

Pictogram (象形): an overhead view of a house's interior with four corners. Originally meaning "house".

PronunciationEdit


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.
Note:
  • a/ah - vernacular;
  • à - literary.
Note: a1 - “Asia”.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (98)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔaɨH/
Li
Rong
/ʔaH/
Wang
Li
/aH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔaH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔæH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔˁrak-s/
English secondary

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14212
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qraːɡs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. second; inferior
  2. () Short for 亞細亞亚细亚 (Yàxìyà, “Asia”).
  3. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. rank
  2. follow
  3. sub- prefix

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • New Nelson: 82
  • Halpern: 3563
  • Halpern Learners: not listed
  • Heisig: not listed
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 0a7.14
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Usage notesEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(a) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer a, Yale a)

  1. Asia (abbreviation)
  2. second (ordinal)
  3. used as a prefix to names

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(á, a)

  1. Asia
  2. Asiatic

ReferencesEdit