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See also:
U+98EF, 飯
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-98EF

[U+98EE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+98F0]
U+FA2A, 飯
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA2A

[U+FA29]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA2B]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 184, +4, 13 strokes in Chinese, 12 strokes in Japanese, cangjie input 人戈竹水 (OIHE), four-corner 81747, composition(GHTJV) or ⿰𩙿(K))

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1417, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44064
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1941, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4444, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+98EF

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*praːn, *pʰraːn
*praːnʔ
*praːnʔ
*praːnʔ, *paːnʔ
*praːnʔ, *braːnʔ, *paːnʔ
*praːnʔ
*praːnʔ
*pʰraːn, *pʰraːnʔ
*braːnʔ, *panʔ
*braːnʔ
*paːnʔ
*panʔ, *pʰan
*panʔ
*panʔ
*pans
*pans
*pʰans
*bonʔ, *bons

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *bonʔ, *bons): semantic  (food) + phonetic  (OC *panʔ, *pʰan).

EtymologyEdit

Compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *puuŋ (cooked rice), whence Mon ပုၚ် (pɜŋ, cooked rice).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • buông - colloquial;
  • huáng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • pn̄g/pňg/pūiⁿ - colloquial;
    • hoān - literary.
    Note:
    • bung7 - vernacular;
    • huang6 - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (66)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bʉɐnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bʷiɐnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biuɐnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /buanH/
    Li
    Rong
    /biuɐnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭwɐnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯wɐnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    fàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjonH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bo[n]ʔ-s/
    English cooked rice or millet

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 2977
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bons/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. any cooked grain (rice, millet, etc.)
    2. (particularly) cooked rice (Classifier: m c h mn)
    3. food
    4. meal (Classifier: m mn;  m c)
    5. (dialectal) noodles
    SynonymsEdit
    Dialectal synonyms of 米飯 (“cooked rice”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 米飯,
    Mandarin Beijing 米飯,
    Taiwan , 米飯
    Harbin 米飯, 乾飯,
    Hailar 米飯
    Ulanhot 米飯
    Tongliao 米飯
    Chifeng 米飯, 乾飯
    Bayanhot 乾飯
    Jinan 乾飯, 大米乾飯, 米飯
    Muping 乾飯, 米飯, 大米乾飯
    Luoyang 大米飯, 大米乾飯, 米飯
    Wanrong 大米飯, 米飯
    Xi'an 米飯
    Qingdao 乾飯
    Zhengzhou 米飯
    Xining 大米飯
    Xuzhou 米飯, 大米乾飯, 乾飯
    Yinchuan 乾飯, 稻米乾飯
    Lanzhou 大米飯, 米飯
    Ürümqi 乾飯, 米飯
    Wuhan 乾飯,
    Huanggang
    Chengdu 乾飯,
    Guiyang
    Guilin 米飯
    Liuzhou , 米飯
    Yangzhou
    Nanjing , 米飯, 乾飯
    Hefei 乾飯,
    Nantong 米飯
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou)
    Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou)
    Hong Kong (Ting Kok)
    Hong Kong (Tung Ping Chau)
    Macau
    Panyu
    Huadu (Huashan)
    Conghua
    Zengcheng
    Foshan
    Nanhai (Shatou)
    Shunde
    Sanshui
    Gaoming (Mingcheng)
    Zhongshan (Shiqi)
    Zhuhai (Qianshan)
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka)
    Doumen
    Jiangmen (Baisha)
    Xinhui
    Taishan
    Kaiping (Chikan)
    Enping (Niujiang)
    Heshan (Yayao)
    Dongguan
    Bao'an (Shajing)
    Shaoguan
    Yunfu
    Yangjiang
    Xinyi
    Lianjiang
    Nanning
    Wuzhou
    Yulin
    Hepu
    Danzhou
    Kuala Lumpur
    Ho Chi Minh City
    Gan Nanchang
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang
    Hakka Meixian
    Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua)
    Dongguan (Qingxi)
    Shenzhen (Shatoujiao)
    Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui)
    Conghua (Lütian)
    Luchuan (Daqiao) 大米飯
    Yudu
    Shicheng
    Shangyou
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong
    Senai
    Singkawang
    Huizhou Jixi
    Shexian
    Tunxi
    Xiuning
    Yixian
    Qimen
    Wuyuan
    Jin Taiyuan 大米飯, 米飯
    Pingyao 大米飯, 米飯
    Xinzhou 米飯
    Baochang 米飯
    Jining 白米飯
    Hohhot 米飯
    Baotou 白米飯
    Dongsheng 米飯
    Linhe 米飯
    Haibowan 燜飯
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Dikou
    Zhenqian 白飯
    Shibei 早米飯
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Fuqing
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Tainan
    Taichung
    Hsinchu
    Lukang ,
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang
    Singapore
    Zhangping (Yongfu)
    Datian
    Pingnan
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Thailand (Bangkok)
    Johor Bahru
    Wenchang
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Pinghua Nanning , 米飯, 大米飯
    Guilin 米飯
    Shehua Fuding 焦飯
    Luoyuan
    Sanming
    Shunchang
    Guixi
    Cangnan
    Jingning
    Lishui
    Longyou
    Chaozhou 焦飯
    Fengshun
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Wuxi
    Hangzhou
    Wenzhou , 白米飯, 米飯
    Chongming 米飯,
    Danyang
    Jinhua
    Ningbo
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng
    Loudi
    Quanzhou
    Dialectal synonyms of 麵條 (“noodle”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 麵條,
    Mandarin Beijing 麵條兒,
    Taiwan 麵條,
    Harbin 麵條兒
    Jinan 麵條兒,
    Muping
    Luoyang 麵條兒,
    Wanrong
    Xi'an
    Xining 麵條兒
    Xuzhou 麵條兒, 麵條子
    Yinchuan 麵條子,
    Lanzhou 麵條子
    Ürümqi 麵條子,
    Wuhan , 麵條
    Chengdu
    Guiyang
    Liuzhou 麵條,
    Yangzhou
    Nanjing , 麵條
    Hefei 麵條,
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Dongguan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang
    Hakka Meixian , 麵條
    Yudu
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu) 大麵,
    Hsinchu (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 大麵
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan 麵條子, 麵條,
    Xinzhou 麵條子, 條條子麵, 條子麵,
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Yilan
    Penang
    Singapore
    Philippines (Manila)
    Chaozhou
    Haikou , 麵條
    Pinghua Nanning
    Wu Shanghai , 麵條
    Suzhou
    Hangzhou
    Wenzhou
    Chongming
    Danyang
    Jinhua
    Ningbo
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (66)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /bʉɐnX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /bʷiɐnX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /biuɐnX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /buanX/
    Li
    Rong
    /biuɐnX/
    Wang
    Li
    /bĭwɐnX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱi̯wɐnX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    fàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    fàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjonX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bo[n]ʔ/
    English eat

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 2976
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    3
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*bonʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. to eat
    2. to give food to; to let someone eat; to feed

    CompoundsEdit

    Further readingEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. cooked grains (rice, etc.)
    2. meal

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    めし
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    The 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of verb 召す (mesu, to call).[1]

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana めし, rōmaji meshi)

    1. cooked grains, especially cooked rice
    2. (informal) a meal
       (めし) ()
      meshi o kuu
      eat a meal
    Usage notesEdit

    This is an informal way to refer to food, and 食う (kuu) is a correspondingly informal way to say "eat".

    Derived termsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana めし, rōmaji Meshi)

    1. a surname

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    いい
    Grade: 4
    kun’yomi

    ⟨ipi1 → */ipʲi//ifi//iwi//iː/

    From Old Japanese, also used as 借音 (shakuon) kana for ⟨pi1.

    NounEdit

    (hiragana いい, rōmaji ii, historical hiragana いひ)

    1. (archaic) cooked grains, especially cooked rice
    Derived termsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (hiragana いい, rōmaji Ii, historical hiragana いひ)

    1. a surname

    Etymology 3Edit

    Kanji in this term
    まま
    Grade: 4
    Irregular
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry at まま.
    まま【飯】
    [noun](childish) (cooked) rice
    (This term, , is a kanji spelling of まま.)

    Etymology 4Edit

    Kanji in this term
    まんま
    Grade: 4
    Irregular
    For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry at まんま.
    まんま【飯】
    [noun](usually childish) Alternative form of まま (mama, (cooked) rice)
    (This term, , is a kanji spelling of まんま.)

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō
    3. ^ Hirayama, Tetsuo (1960) 全国アクセント辞典 (Nationwide Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: 東京堂,.

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (bap ban))

    1. Hanja form? of (meal, rice).
    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (phạn)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.