See also: , , , and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(strength)

Han characterEdit

(radical 160 +9, 16 strokes, cangjie input 卜十大尸十 (YJKSJ), four-corner 00441, composition)

  1. handle, manage
  2. do
  3. punish
  4. accomplish, achieve

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1251, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 38655
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1731, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4042, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8FA6

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pan⁵¹/
Harbin /pan⁵³/
Tianjin /pan⁵³/
Jinan /pã²¹/
Qingdao /pã⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pan³¹²/
Xi'an /pã⁴⁴/
Xining /pã²¹³/
Yinchuan /pan¹³/
Lanzhou /pɛ̃n¹³/
Ürümqi /pan²¹³/
Wuhan /pan³⁵/
Chengdu /pan¹³/
Guiyang /pan²¹³/
Kunming /pã̠²¹²/
Nanjing /paŋ⁴⁴/
Hefei /pæ̃⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /pæ̃⁴⁵/
Pingyao /pɑŋ³⁵/
Hohhot /pæ̃⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /be¹³/
Suzhou /be̞³¹/
Hangzhou /bẽ̞¹³/
Wenzhou /ba²²/
Hui Shexian /pʰɛ²²/
Tunxi /pʰuːə¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /pan⁵⁵/
/pan¹¹/
Xiangtan /ban²¹/
Gan Nanchang /pʰan²¹/
Hakka Meixian /pʰan⁵³/
Taoyuan /pʰɑn⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pan²²/
Nanning /pan²²/
Hong Kong /pan²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pan²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /paiŋ²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /paiŋ⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pʰõi³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbaŋ³³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (3)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/bɣɛnH/ /bʱănH/ /bɛnH/ /bɯænH/ /bəɨnH/ /bænH/ /bænH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
bàn ‹ bɛnH › /*[b]ˤren-s/ manage, deal with

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
782 2 /*breːns/ 同辨

VerbEdit

  1. To deal with, to manage, to take care of.
  2. To process, to obtain (e.g. a visa/passport).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. manage
  2. do
  3. handle
  4. deal with

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(pan, byeon) (hangeul , , revised pan, byeon, McCune-Reischauer p'an, pyŏn, Yale phan, pyen)

  1. manage
  2. do
  3. handle
  4. deal with

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(biện, bạn)

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