Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(three men)

Han characterEdit

(radical 128 +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 尸水竹竹人 (SEHHO) or 尸水人竹人 (SEOHO), four-corner 17232, composition or ⿱人)

  1. assemble, meet together, collect

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 967, character 41
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29093
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1417, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2791, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+805A

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕy⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕy⁵³/
/t͡ɕy⁴⁴/ ~宝盆
Tianjin /t͡ɕy⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕy²¹/
Qingdao /t͡sy⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sy³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕy⁵³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕy¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕy¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕy³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕy¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕi²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡sy⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sz̩ʷ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕy⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕy³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ʑy¹³/
Suzhou /zi³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷ¹³/
Wenzhou /zz̩³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰy²²/
Tunxi /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡si⁵⁵/
/t͡si¹¹/
Xiangtan /d͡zi²¹/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰy²¹/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰi⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡søy²²/
Nanning /t͡sy²²/
Hong Kong /t͡søy²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡su²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡søy²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sy⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡su³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡si³⁵/
/t͡sek̚⁵/ 训积
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (15)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zɨoX/ /d͡zʱi̯uX/ /d͡zioX/ /d͡zioX/ /d͡zuə̆X/ /d͡zĭuX/ /d͡zioX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (15)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zɨoH/ /d͡zʱi̯uH/ /d͡zioH/ /d͡zioH/ /d͡zuə̆H/ /d͡zĭuH/ /d͡zioH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ dzjuX › /*m-tsʰoʔ/ bring together
‹ dzjuH › /*m-tsʰoʔ-s/ bring together

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10659 0 /*zloʔ/
10662 0 /*zlos/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to congregate
  2. to pile up
  3. (chemistry) poly-
  4. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(chwi) (hangeul , revised chwi, McCune-Reischauer ch'wi, Yale chwi)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tụ, sụ, tọ, xụ, xủ)

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