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U+805A, 聚
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-805A

[U+8059]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+805B]

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 128, +8, 14 strokes, cangjie input 尸水竹竹人 (SEHHO) or 尸水人竹人 (SEOHO), four-corner 17232, composition or ⿱人)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 967, character 41
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 29093
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1417, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2791, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+805A

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsloː, *ʔsru, *ʔslo
*ʔsloː, *sʰloːʔ, *sloːʔ, *ʔsru
*ʔsloː, *ʔsruʔ, *ʔslo
*ʔsloː, *ʔsru, *slos
*sʰloːʔ, *sʰlos
*sʰloːʔ, *sʰloʔ
*zloː, *zloːʔ, *sʰlo
*rlu, *rluʔ, *ʔsru
*ʔsru, *zloʔ, *ljoːnʔ
*ʔsru
*ʔsru, *sʰroːɡ
*ʔsru, *sʰros, *zloːn
*ʔsru
*ʔsru
*zrus
*zloːds
*sʰoːds, *sʰoːd
*zoːds
*sʰroːds
*ʔslo
*ʔslo
*sʰloʔ, *sʰlos, *slo
*zloʔ, *zlos
*zlos
*zloːŋ
*zloːŋ
*ʔsoːd
*ʔsoːd, *sʰoːd

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zloʔ, *zlos): phonetic  (OC *sʰloːʔ, *sʰloʔ) + semantic  (three men).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • zi5 - vernacular;
  • zi4 - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕy⁵¹/
Harbin /t͡ɕy⁵³/
/t͡ɕy⁴⁴/ ~寶盆
Tianjin /t͡ɕy⁵³/
Jinan /t͡ɕy²¹/
Qingdao /t͡sy⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡sy³¹²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕy⁵³/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕy¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕy¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕy³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡ɕy¹³/
Guiyang /t͡ɕi²¹³/
Kunming /t͡ɕi²¹²/
Nanjing /t͡sy⁴⁴/
Hefei /t͡sz̩ʷ⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕy⁴⁵/
Pingyao /t͡ɕy³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /ʑy²³/
Suzhou /zi³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩ʷ¹³/
Wenzhou /zz̩³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰy²²/
Tunxi /t͡sʰi²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡si⁵⁵/
/t͡si¹¹/
Xiangtan /d͡zi²¹/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰy²¹/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰi⁵³/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡søy²²/
Nanning /t͡sy²²/
Hong Kong /t͡søy²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡su²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡søy²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sy⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡su³⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡si³⁵/
/t͡sek̚⁵/ 訓積

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (15) (15)
Final () (24) (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡zɨoX/ /d͡zɨoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡zioX/ /d͡zioH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zioX/ /d͡zioH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡zuə̆X/ /d͡zuə̆H/
Li
Rong
/d͡zioX/ /d͡zioH/
Wang
Li
/d͡zĭuX/ /d͡zĭuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/d͡zʱi̯uX/ /d͡zʱi̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzjuX › ‹ dzjuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-tsʰoʔ/ /*m-tsʰoʔ-s/
English bring together bring together

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 10659 10662
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zloʔ/ /*zlos/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to congregate
  2. to pile up
  3. (chemistry) poly-
  4. 59th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "massing" (𝍀)
  5. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chwi) (hangeul , revised chwi, McCune–Reischauer ch'wi, Yale chwi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tụ, sụ, tọ, xụ, xủ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.