See also: tt, Tt, TT, .tt, T_T, and 丁丁



Etymology 1Edit

  • Past-participle suffix: From Proto-Uralic *-tt. First attested in 1055.
  • Past-tense suffix: From the past-participle suffix. First attested in the end of 12th century. [1]



  1. past-tense and past-participle suffix (homonymous form in the vast majority of verbs):
    1. (past-tense suffix) -ed, -t. Used to form the past tense of a verb.
      megfő (to be/get cooked)Az étel megfőtt. (“The meal is cooked.”)
    2. (past-participle suffix) -ed, -t. Used to form the past participle of a verb.
      (to cook, to be/get cooked)tt hús (“cooked meat”)
Usage notesEdit
  • (past-participle and past-tense suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -t is added to monosyllabic verbs ending in j, l, ly, n, ny, r (fáj, szel, fon, huny, sír) and to many bisyllabic verbs ending in -ad/-ed (akad, ered)
    -tt is added to verbs ending in a vowel (sző, , , , , )
    -ott is added to back-vowel verbs
    -ett is added to unrounded front-vowel verbs
    -ött is added to rounded front-vowel verbs
  • (past-participle suffix) This form is the only option attributively. Predicatively, however, a construction of the existential verb van (or its negative form nincs) and the adverbial participle (with -va/-ve) is preferable,[1] especially when speaking of the result achieved,[2] although the suffix -t/-ott/-ett/-ött occurs predicatively as well, disputed as it may be.[3]

Etymology 2Edit



  1. (locative suffix, archaic) Added to a noun or an adjective to form the locative case.
    más (other, else)másutt (elsewhere)
Usage notesEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ -tt in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)