See also: Eich

Bavarian edit

Etymology edit

Cognate with German euch.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

eich

  1. you (accusative and dative, plural)

Synonyms edit

See also edit

Central Franconian edit

Etymology edit

Cognate to German ich.

Pronoun edit

eich

  1. (Moselfränkisch/Hunsrückisch) I
    • 1874, Peter Joseph Rottmann, Gedichte in Hunsrücker Mundart, 4th edition, page 3:
      Wer sall meich dann bei die Spielleit fehre, / Wann eich naunder meine Kerl verleere? / Geh, eich wullt, datt Deich der Deiwel hätt!
      (please add an English translation of this quotation)

German edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ʔaɪ̯ç/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪ̯ç

Verb edit

eich

  1. singular imperative of eichen
  2. (colloquial) first-person singular present of eichen

Hunsrik edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Middle High German iuch, from Old High German iuwih, from Proto-West Germanic *iwwiz, from Proto-Germanic *izwiz.[1]

Cognate to German euch and Luxembourgish iech.

Pronoun edit

eich

  1. accusative/dative of deer
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

Borrowed from German eigen.[1]

Adjective edit

eich

  1. own
    Mein eichnes Haus.
    My own house.
Declination edit
Declension of eich (see also Appendix:Hunsrik adjectives)
masculine feminine neuter plural
Weak inflection nominative eich eich eich eichne
accusative eichne eich eich eichne
dative eichne eichne eichne eichne
Strong inflection nominative eichner eichne eichnes eichne
accusative eichne eichne eichnes eichne
dative eichnem eichner eichnem eichne
Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Piter Kehoma Boll (2021), “eich”, in Dicionário Hunsriqueano Riograndense–Português [Riograndenser Hunsrickisch–Portuguese Dictionary] (in Portuguese), 3 edition, Ivoti: Riograndenser Hunsrickisch, page 41

Irish edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

eich m

  1. vocative/genitive singular of each

Mutation edit

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
eich n-eich heich not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

  1. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, page 62

Old Irish edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

eich

  1. inflection of ech:
    1. vocative/genitive singular
    2. nominative plural

Mutation edit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
eich unchanged n-eich
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Pennsylvania German edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German iuch, from Old High German iuwih. Compare German euch.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

eich

  1. accusative/dative of dihr: you, to you (plural)
  2. accusative/dative of dihr: you, to you (polite)

Declension edit

Scottish Gaelic edit

Noun edit

eich

  1. inflection of each:
    1. genitive singular
    2. nominative plural

Welsh edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Welsh ych.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): (standard) /ei̯χ/, (colloquial) /əχ/
  • Rhymes: -ei̯χ

Determiner edit

eich

  1. your (either plural or polite singular)
    Roedd eich mam a’ch tad yma gynnau.
    Your mum and your dad were here earlier on.

Pronoun edit

eich

  1. you (either plural or polite singular; as the direct object of a verbal noun)
    I’ch derbyn ar y cwrs, bydd rhaid i gyfwelydd eich asesu gyntaf.
    To accept you on the programme, an interviwer will have to first assess you.

Usage notes edit

  • Chi is often added after the noun or verbnoun which eich precedes. In formal language, this is done to emphasise the determiner or pronoun. In colloquial language, it is not necessarily an indicator of emphasis, and is often included with the determiner and always included with the pronoun. The exception to the latter case is in passive constructions employing cael, where chi is never used.
  • In formal Welsh, the contraction ’ch is a valid form of eich found after mostly functional vowel-final words. In colloquial Welsh, eich is often contracted to 'ch after almost any vowel-final word.
  • Pronomial eich and ’ch can occur before any verbal noun. Before a verb, pronomial ’ch is found only in formal language after certain vowel-final preverbal particles. See entry for 'ch for more information.
  • The colloquial pronunciation /əχ/ is the original pronunciation, as shown by the Middle Welsh form ych. The more careful pronunciation /ei̯χ/ is a later spelling pronunciation.

Further reading edit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “eich”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies