English edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English tor, torr-, from Old English torr, tor (a high rock, lofty hill, tower), possibly from Proto-Celtic, compare Old Welsh *tor (hill); ultimately from Latin turris (tower), from Ancient Greek τύρρις (túrrhis), τύρσις (túrsis, tower), of non-Indo-European origin.

Cognate with Cornish tor, Scottish Gaelic tòrr, Welsh tŵr, Irish tor, French tor, and Romansch tor/tur/tuor; the first four are Celtic (from Latin turris), the last two directly from Latin turris (from Ancient Greek τύρρις (túrrhis) and τύρσις (túrsis)). It is not clear whether the Celtic forms were borrowed from Old English or vice versa. Doublet of tower.

 
Tor near the summit of Knocknagun, in Wicklow, Ireland

Noun edit

tor (plural tors)

  1. (geology) A craggy outcrop of rock on the summit of a hill, created by the erosion and weathering of rock.
  2. (South-West England) A hill with such rock formation.
    • 2008, Lydia Joyce, Shadows of the Night[1], Signet Eclipse, →ISBN, page 242:
      She had slipped the letters into her pocket next to the packet of antique documents and had taken an umbrella—as the sky was ominous out over the distant tors—and strolled around the manor house and down the road toward the village.
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

Adjective edit

tor (comparative more tor, superlative most tor)

  1. Alternative form of tore ("hard, difficult; strong; rich").

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Afrikaans edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch tor, from Middle Dutch torre. Compare the probably cognate Germanic etymology of English dor.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tor (plural torre)

  1. beetle

Aromanian edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin tornō. Compare Romanian turna, torn.

Verb edit

tor first-singular present indicative (third-person singular present indicative tore, past participle turate)

  1. to return, come back
  2. to pour
  3. to respond
  4. to rethink

Related terms edit

See also edit

Azerbaijani edit

Other scripts
Cyrillic تور
Abjad

Etymology edit

Inherited from Common Turkic *tor. Cognate with Old Turkic [script needed] (tor, net), Southern Altai тор (tor, net).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tor (definite accusative toru, plural torlar)

  1. net

Declension edit

    Declension of tor
singular plural
nominative tor
torlar
definite accusative toru
torları
dative tora
torlara
locative torda
torlarda
ablative tordan
torlardan
definite genitive torun
torların
    Possessive forms of tor
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) torum torlarım
sənin (your) torun torların
onun (his/her/its) toru torları
bizim (our) torumuz torlarımız
sizin (your) torunuz torlarınız
onların (their) toru or torları torları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) torumu torlarımı
sənin (your) torunu torlarını
onun (his/her/its) torunu torlarını
bizim (our) torumuzu torlarımızı
sizin (your) torunuzu torlarınızı
onların (their) torunu or torlarını torlarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) toruma torlarıma
sənin (your) toruna torlarına
onun (his/her/its) toruna torlarına
bizim (our) torumuza torlarımıza
sizin (your) torunuza torlarınıza
onların (their) toruna or torlarına torlarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) torumda torlarımda
sənin (your) torunda torlarında
onun (his/her/its) torunda torlarında
bizim (our) torumuzda torlarımızda
sizin (your) torunuzda torlarınızda
onların (their) torunda or torlarında torlarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) torumdan torlarımdan
sənin (your) torundan torlarından
onun (his/her/its) torundan torlarından
bizim (our) torumuzdan torlarımızdan
sizin (your) torunuzdan torlarınızdan
onların (their) torundan or torlarından torlarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) torumun torlarımın
sənin (your) torunun torlarının
onun (his/her/its) torunun torlarının
bizim (our) torumuzun torlarımızın
sizin (your) torunuzun torlarınızın
onların (their) torunun or torlarının torlarının

Breton edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Breton torr, teur, from Old Breton tar, from Proto-Celtic *torr-V- (belly), of uncertain origin; according to Matasovic, of non-Indo-European origin, but according to MacBain, from Proto-Indo-European *terh₁- (to turn, rub), cognate with Proto-Germanic *þarmaz (guts, intestines), Ancient Greek τάμισος (támisos, rennet).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tor m (plural torioù, collective toroù)

  1. (anatomy) belly, stomach, abdomen

Synonyms edit

Noun edit

tor

  1. Hard mutation of dor.

Mutation edit

References edit

Cimbrian edit

Etymology edit

From Middle High German tor, from Old High German tor, from Proto-Germanic *durą (large door; gate). Cognate with German Tor, English door.

Noun edit

tor n (Luserna)

  1. gate, gateway
  2. large doorway

References edit

Danish edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /toːr/, [tˢoːˀɐ̯]

Verb edit

tor

  1. present of to

Dutch edit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

Etymology edit

From Middle Dutch torre, of uncertain origin, possibly an imitative Middle Dutch base turren (buzz). Compare cognate West Frisian tuorre, toarre.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tor f (plural torren, diminutive torretje n)

  1. beetle, insect of the order Coleoptera

Synonyms edit

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

  • Afrikaans: tor

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Hungarian edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun edit

tor (plural torok)

  1. (literary, archaic or folksy) meal, repast, feast (ceremonial meal held after weddings, funerals, or other special occasions)
    Synonym: lakoma
    halotti torfuneral feast
    disznótormeal on pig-killing day (literally, “pig meal”)
Declension edit
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative tor torok
accusative tort torokat
dative tornak toroknak
instrumental torral torokkal
causal-final torért torokért
translative torrá torokká
terminative torig torokig
essive-formal torként torokként
essive-modal
inessive torban torokban
superessive toron torokon
adessive tornál toroknál
illative torba torokba
sublative torra torokra
allative torhoz torokhoz
elative torból torokból
delative torról torokról
ablative tortól toroktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
toré toroké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
toréi torokéi
Possessive forms of tor
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. torom toraim
2nd person sing. torod toraid
3rd person sing. tora torai
1st person plural torunk toraink
2nd person plural torotok toraitok
3rd person plural toruk toraik
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin thorax, from Ancient Greek θώραξ (thṓrax, breastplate, chest), created during the Hungarian language reform, which took place in the 18th–19th centuries.

Noun edit

tor (plural torok)

  1. (zoology) thorax (of an arthropod)
    Coordinate terms: fej, potroh
Declension edit
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative tor torok
accusative tort torokat
dative tornak toroknak
instrumental torral torokkal
causal-final torért torokért
translative torrá torokká
terminative torig torokig
essive-formal torként torokként
essive-modal
inessive torban torokban
superessive toron torokon
adessive tornál toroknál
illative torba torokba
sublative torra torokra
allative torhoz torokhoz
elative torból torokból
delative torról torokról
ablative tortól toroktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
toré toroké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
toréi torokéi
Possessive forms of tor
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. torom toraim
2nd person sing. torod toraid
3rd person sing. tora torai
1st person plural torunk toraink
2nd person plural torotok toraitok
3rd person plural toruk toraik

Further reading edit

  • (ceremonial meal): tor in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (thorax): tor in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Irish edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Old Irish tor.

Noun edit

tor m (genitive singular toir, nominative plural toir)

  1. bush, shrub; clump, tuft
    Synonym: tom
  2. head (of cabbage)
    Synonym: ceann
Declension edit
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Probably from Proto-Celtic (Cornish tor, Scottish Gaelic tòrr), possibly borrowed from Old English torr (a high rock, tower), though the reverse is more likely; all ultimately from Latin turris (tower) and of non-Indo-European origin.[2]

More at English tor and tor. Also compare Latin Taurini.

Noun edit

tor m (genitive singular toir, nominative plural toir)

  1. (geography) tall rock; steep rocky height
  2. (literary) tower; towering warrior, pillar (of battle)
Declension edit

Etymology 3 edit

Noun edit

tor m

  1. Alternative form of toradh

Etymology 4 edit

Noun edit

tor m (genitive singular toir, nominative plural toir)

  1. Alternative form of tarathar
Declension edit

Mutation edit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
tor thor dtor
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References edit

  1. ^ Sjoestedt, M. L. (1931) Phonétique d’un parler irlandais de Kerry (in French), Paris: Librairie Ernest Leroux, pages 91181
  2. ^ Douglas Harper (2001–2024) “tor”, in Online Etymology Dictionary.

Further reading edit

  • Ó Dónaill, Niall (1977) “tor”, in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, Dublin: An Gúm, →ISBN
  • tor”, in New English-Irish Dictionary, Foras na Gaeilge, 2013-2024

Occitan edit

Etymology edit

From Latin turris, turrim.

Pronunciation edit

  • (file)

Noun edit

tor f (plural tors)

  1. tower
    Synonym: torre
  2. (chess) rook

See also edit

Chess pieces in Occitan · pèças d'escacs (layout · text)
           
rèi rèina tor fòl cavalièr pion

Old French edit

Etymology 1 edit

From Latin turrim, from Ancient Greek τύρρις (túrrhis), τύρσις (túrsis).

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tor oblique singularf (oblique plural tors, nominative singular tor, nominative plural tors)

  1. tower
Descendants edit

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin taurus.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tor oblique singularm (oblique plural tors, nominative singular tors, nominative plural tor)

  1. bull (bovine)
Derived terms edit

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *torъ, from *terti.

Noun edit

tor m inan

  1. track, course, path
  2. rail track
  3. lane (a part of a sports track)
  4. trajectory
Declension edit
Derived terms edit
adjectives
nouns
verb

Etymology 2 edit

From Latin thorium, from Old Scandinavian Thorr.

Noun edit

Chemical element
Th
Previous: aktyn (Ac)
Next: protaktyn (Pa)

tor m inan

  1. thorium
Declension edit

Etymology 3 edit

Named for Evangelista Torricelli, an Italian physicist.

Noun edit

tor m inan (abbreviation Tr)

  1. torr
Declension edit

Etymology 4 edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun edit

tor

  1. genitive plural of tora

Further reading edit

  • tor in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • tor in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

From Latin torus.

Noun edit

tor n (plural toruri)

  1. torus

Romansch edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Latin turris, turrem, from Ancient Greek τύρρις (túrrhis), τύρσις (túrsis).

Noun edit

tor m (plural tors)

  1. (Surmiran) tower

Scanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tor

  1. March (month)

Serbo-Croatian edit

Etymology edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *torъ.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tȏr m (Cyrillic spelling то̑р)

  1. corral, cote

Declension edit

Turkish edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Turkic *tōr- (a kind of young animal). Related to toy.

Noun edit

tor (definite accusative toru, plural torlar)

  1. young
  2. novice
  3. whelp
  4. beginner
  5. recruit

Declension edit

Inflection
Nominative tor
Definite accusative toru
Singular Plural
Nominative tor torlar
Definite accusative toru torları
Dative tora torlara
Locative torda torlarda
Ablative tordan torlardan
Genitive torun torların

References edit

Uzbek edit

Other scripts
Cyrillic тор (tor)
Latin tor
Perso-Arabic

Etymology edit

From Proto-Turkic *d(i)ār.

Adjective edit

tor (comparative torroq, superlative eng tor)

  1. narrow, tight

Noun edit

tor (plural torlar)

  1. string

Venetian edit

Etymology edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb edit

tor

  1. (transitive) to take
  2. (transitive) to get

Volapük edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

tor (nominative plural tors)

  1. bull

Declension edit

Synonyms edit

Antonyms edit

Derived terms edit

  • torül (bull calf, male calf)

Welsh edit

Alternative forms edit

  • torra (second-person singular imperative)
  • torriff (colloquial, third-person singular present/future)
  • torrith (colloquial, third-person singular present/future)
  • tyr (literary, third-person singular present/future)

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

tor

  1. (literary) third-person singular present/future of torri
  2. (literary) second-person singular imperative of torri

Mutation edit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
tor dor nhor thor
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.