EnglishEdit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English tor, torr-, from Old English torr, tor (a high rock, lofty hill, tower), possibly from Proto-Celtic, compare Old Welsh *tor (hill); ultimately from Latin turris (tower), from Ancient Greek τύρρις (túrrhis), τύρσις (túrsis, tower), of non-Indo-European origin.

Cognate with Cornish tor, Scottish Gaelic tòrr, Welsh tŵr, Irish tor, French tor, and Romansch tor/tur/tuor; the first four are from Proto-Celtic (from Latin turris), the last two directly from Latin turris (from Ancient Greek τύρρις (túrrhis) and τύρσις (túrsis)). It is not clear whether the Celtic forms were borrowed from Old English or vice versa. Doublet of tower.

 
Tor near the summit of Knocknagun, in Wicklow, Ireland

NounEdit

tor (plural tors)

  1. (geology) A craggy outcrop of rock on the summit of a hill, created by the erosion and weathering of rock.
  2. (South-West England) A hill with such rock formation.
    • 2008, Lydia Joyce, Shadows of the Night[1], Signet Eclipse, →ISBN, page 242:
      She had slipped the letters into her pocket next to the packet of antique documents and had taken an umbrella—as the sky was ominous out over the distant tors—and strolled around the manor house and down the road toward the village.
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

AdjectiveEdit

tor (comparative more tor, superlative most tor)

  1. Alternative form of tore ("hard, difficult; strong; rich").

AnagramsEdit


AfrikaansEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Dutch tor, from Middle Dutch torre. cf. the probably cognate Germanic etymology of dor.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tor (plural torre)

  1. beetle

AromanianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin tornō. Compare Romanian turna, torn.

VerbEdit

tor (third-person singular present indicative tore, past participle turate)

  1. I return, come back.
  2. I pour.
  3. I respond.
  4. I rethink.

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit


AzerbaijaniEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic
Perso-Arabic تور

EtymologyEdit

Inherited from Common Turkic *tor. Cognate with Old Turkic [script needed] (tor, net), Southern Altai тор (tor, scum).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tor (definite accusative toru, plural torlar)

  1. net

DeclensionEdit

    Declension of tor
singular plural
nominative tor
torlar
definite accusative toru
torları
dative tora
torlara
locative torda
torlarda
ablative tordan
torlardan
definite genitive torun
torların
    Possessive forms of tor
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) torum torlarım
sənin (your) torun torların
onun (his/her/its) toru torları
bizim (our) torumuz torlarımız
sizin (your) torunuz torlarınız
onların (their) toru or torları torları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) torumu torlarımı
sənin (your) torunu torlarını
onun (his/her/its) torunu torlarını
bizim (our) torumuzu torlarımızı
sizin (your) torunuzu torlarınızı
onların (their) torunu or torlarını torlarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) toruma torlarıma
sənin (your) toruna torlarına
onun (his/her/its) toruna torlarına
bizim (our) torumuza torlarımıza
sizin (your) torunuza torlarınıza
onların (their) toruna or torlarına torlarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) torumda torlarımda
sənin (your) torunda torlarında
onun (his/her/its) torunda torlarında
bizim (our) torumuzda torlarımızda
sizin (your) torunuzda torlarınızda
onların (their) torunda or torlarında torlarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) torumdan torlarımdan
sənin (your) torundan torlarından
onun (his/her/its) torundan torlarından
bizim (our) torumuzdan torlarımızdan
sizin (your) torunuzdan torlarınızdan
onların (their) torundan or torlarından torlarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) torumun torlarımın
sənin (your) torunun torlarının
onun (his/her/its) torunun torlarının
bizim (our) torumuzun torlarımızın
sizin (your) torunuzun torlarınızın
onların (their) torunun or torlarının torlarının

BretonEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Breton torr, teur, from Old Breton tar, from Proto-Celtic *torr-V- (belly), of uncertain origin; according to Matasovic, of non-Indo-European origin, but according to MacBain, from Proto-Indo-European *terh₁- (to turn, rub), cognate with Proto-Germanic *þarmaz (guts, intestines), Ancient Greek τάμισος (támisos, rennet).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tor m (plural torioù, collective toroù)

  1. (anatomy) belly, stomach, abdomen

MutationEdit

SynonymsEdit

NounEdit

tor

  1. Hard mutation of dor.

MutationEdit

ReferencesEdit


CimbrianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German tor, from Old High German tor, from Proto-Germanic *durą (large door; gate). Cognate with German Tor, English door.

NounEdit

tor n (Luserna)

  1. gate, gateway
  2. large doorway

ReferencesEdit


DanishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /toːr/, [tˢoːˀɐ̯]

VerbEdit

tor

  1. present of to

DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch torre, of uncertain origin, possibly an imitative Middle Dutch base turren (buzz). Compare cognate West Frisian tuorre, toarre.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tor f (plural torren, diminutive torretje n)

  1. beetle, insect of the order Coleoptera

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Afrikaans: tor

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


HungarianEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

NounEdit

tor (plural torok)

  1. (literary, archaic or folksy) meal, repast (ceremonial meal held after weddings, funerals, or other special occasions)
    halotti torfuneral feast
    disznótormeal on pig-killing day
DeclensionEdit
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative tor torok
accusative tort torokat
dative tornak toroknak
instrumental torral torokkal
causal-final torért torokért
translative torrá torokká
terminative torig torokig
essive-formal torként torokként
essive-modal
inessive torban torokban
superessive toron torokon
adessive tornál toroknál
illative torba torokba
sublative torra torokra
allative torhoz torokhoz
elative torból torokból
delative torról torokról
ablative tortól toroktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
toré toroké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
toréi torokéi
Possessive forms of tor
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. torom toraim
2nd person sing. torod toraid
3rd person sing. tora torai
1st person plural torunk toraink
2nd person plural torotok toraitok
3rd person plural toruk toraik
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin thorax, from Ancient Greek θώραξ (thṓrax, breastplate, chest), created during the Hungarian language reform, which took place in the 18th–19th centuries.

NounEdit

tor (plural torok)

  1. (zoology) thorax (of an arthropod)
    Coordinate terms: fej, potroh
DeclensionEdit
Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative tor torok
accusative tort torokat
dative tornak toroknak
instrumental torral torokkal
causal-final torért torokért
translative torrá torokká
terminative torig torokig
essive-formal torként torokként
essive-modal
inessive torban torokban
superessive toron torokon
adessive tornál toroknál
illative torba torokba
sublative torra torokra
allative torhoz torokhoz
elative torból torokból
delative torról torokról
ablative tortól toroktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
toré toroké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
toréi torokéi
Possessive forms of tor
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. torom toraim
2nd person sing. torod toraid
3rd person sing. tora torai
1st person plural torunk toraink
2nd person plural torotok toraitok
3rd person plural toruk toraik

Further readingEdit

  • (ceremonial meal): tor in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (thorax): tor in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Old Irish tor.

NounEdit

tor m (genitive singular toir, nominative plural toir)

  1. bush, shrub; clump, tuft
    Synonym: tom
  2. head (of cabbage)
    Synonym: ceann
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Probably from Proto-Celtic (Cornish tor, Scottish Gaelic tòrr), possibly borrowed from Old English torr (a high rock, tower), though the reverse is more likely; all ultimately from Latin turris (tower) and of non-Indo-European origin.

More at English tor and tor. Also compare Latin Taurini.

NounEdit

tor m (genitive singular toir, nominative plural toir)

  1. (geography) tall rock; steep rocky height
  2. (literary) tower; towering warrior, pillar (of battle)
DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

tor m

  1. Alternative form of toradh

Etymology 4Edit

NounEdit

tor m (genitive singular toir, nominative plural toir)

  1. Alternative form of tarathar
DeclensionEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
tor thor dtor
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further readingEdit

  • Ó Dónaill, Niall (1977), “tor”, in Foclóir Gaeilge–Béarla, Dublin: An Gúm, →ISBN
  • Entries containing “tor” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

OccitanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin turris, turrim.

PronunciationEdit

  • (file)

NounEdit

tor f (plural tors)

  1. tower
    Synonym: torre
  2. (chess) rook

See alsoEdit

Chess pieces in Occitan · pèças d'escacs (layout · text)
           
rèi rèina tor fòl cavalièr pion

Old FrenchEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin turris, turrim, from Ancient Greek τύρρις (túrrhis), τύρσις (túrsis).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tor f (oblique plural tors, nominative singular tor, nominative plural tors)

  1. tower
DescendantsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin taurus.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tor m (oblique plural tors, nominative singular tors, nominative plural tor)

  1. bull (bovine)
Derived termsEdit

PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Inherited from Proto-Slavic *torъ, from *terti.

NounEdit

tor m inan

  1. track, course, path
  2. rail track
  3. lane (a part of a sports track)
  4. trajectory
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
adjectives
nouns
verb

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin thorium, from Old Scandinavian Thorr.

NounEdit

Chemical element
Th
Previous: aktyn (Ac)
Next: protaktyn (Pa)

tor m inan

  1. thorium
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Named for Evangelista Torricelli, an Italian physicist.

NounEdit

tor m (symbol Tr)

  1. torr
DeclensionEdit

Etymology 4Edit

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

NounEdit

tor

  1. genitive plural of tora

Further readingEdit

  • tor in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • tor in Polish dictionaries at PWN

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin torus.

NounEdit

tor n (plural toruri)

  1. torus

RomanschEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • (Rumantsch Grischun, Sutsilvan) tur
  • (Sursilvan, Puter, Vallader) tuor

EtymologyEdit

From Latin turris, turrem, from Ancient Greek τύρρις (túrrhis), τύρσις (túrsis).

NounEdit

tor m (plural tors)

  1. (Surmiran) tower

ScanianEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tor

  1. March (month)

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *torъ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tȏr m (Cyrillic spelling то̑р)

  1. corral, cote

DeclensionEdit


TurkishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *tōr- (a kind of young animal). Related to toy.

NounEdit

tor (definite accusative toru, plural torlar)

  1. young
  2. novice
  3. whelp
  4. beginner
  5. recruit

DeclensionEdit

Inflection
Nominative tor
Definite accusative toru
Singular Plural
Nominative tor torlar
Definite accusative toru torları
Dative tora torlara
Locative torda torlarda
Ablative tordan torlardan
Genitive torun torların

ReferencesEdit


UzbekEdit

Other scripts
Cyrillic тор (tor)
Latin tor
Perso-Arabic

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Turkic *d(i)ār.

AdjectiveEdit

tor (comparative torroq, superlative eng tor)

  1. narrow, tight

NounEdit

tor (plural torlar)

  1. string

VenetianEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

VerbEdit

tor

  1. (transitive) to take
  2. (transitive) to get


VolapükEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tor (nominative plural tors)

  1. bull

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

  • torül (bull calf, male calf)

WelshEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • torra (second-person singular imperative)
  • torriff (colloquial, third-person singular present/future)
  • torrith (colloquial, third-person singular present/future)
  • tyr (literary, third-person singular present/future)

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

tor

  1. (literary) third-person singular present/future of torri
  2. (literary) second-person singular imperative of torri

MutationEdit

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
tor dor nhor thor
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.