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See also: Funda, fundá, and fundà

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Contraction of fundamental, originating in Indian English.

NounEdit

funda (plural fundas or fundae or fundaes)

  1. basics or fundamentals, considered as a unit
    Get your funda correct before you submit the paper.
    • 1992 [1]
      In my opinion, the funda is as follows:
  2. concept
    what is the funda behind relativity?
  3. understanding
    • 1993, [2]
      You did not have the funda to realize that the statistics is an ass.
    • 1993, [3]
      But then, your funda is weak.

Usage notesEdit

Whilst fundaes and fundae both occur as the plural of funda, fundas is far more widespread. The pluralization to fundae is by analogy to formula/formulae. The pluralization to fundas is by the simple addition of -s.

The word is frequently used in Indian quizzing circles to denote the interesting fact or concept behind a question.

Over the past few years, funda / fundae has morphed into an irreverent term, implying an abstract and impractical statement used to coverup one's ignorance of the topic at hand. This form of usage is particularly prevalent in Indian information technology sector. Ex: My manager is giving "funda" [instead of talking about the actual issue]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


CatalanEdit

VerbEdit

funda

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of fundar
  2. second-person singular imperative form of fundar

IcelandicEdit

NounEdit

funda

  1. indefinite genitive plural of fundur

LatinEdit

Etymology 1Edit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

funda f (genitive fundae); first declension

  1. a hand-sling (contrasted with fustibalus (a sling-staff”, “a stick sling))
DeclensionEdit

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative funda fundae
genitive fundae fundārum
dative fundae fundīs
accusative fundam fundās
ablative fundā fundīs
vocative funda fundae
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • funda in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • funda in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “funda”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • funda in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • funda in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Etymology 2Edit

A conjugated form of fundō.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

fundā

  1. second-person singular present active imperative of fundō

PortugueseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin fundus (bottom).

AdjectiveEdit

funda f sg

  1. Feminine singular of adjective fundo.

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin funda (sling).

NounEdit

funda f (plural fundas)

  1. sling (cloth weapon)
    • Bible, 1 Samuel 17:50
      Portanto, Davi, com uma funda e uma pedra, mostrou ser mais forte que o Filisteu, e o entregou à morte, e não havia espada na mão de Davi.
      So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and smote the Philistine, and slew him; but there was no sword in the hand of David.
  2. catapult, slingshot (elastic weapon)
  3. sling (hanging bandage)
SynonymsEdit
Related termsEdit

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French fonder, based on Romanian fund.

VerbEdit

a funda (third-person singular present fundează, past participle fundat1st conj.

  1. to found, set a foundation

ConjugationEdit

SynonymsEdit

Related termsEdit


SpanishEdit

NounEdit

funda f (plural fundas)

  1. (Dominican Republic, slang) small bag
  2. wrapping

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

funda

  1. Informal second-person singular () affirmative imperative form of fundar.
  2. Formal second-person singular (usted) present indicative form of fundar.
  3. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present indicative form of fundar.

funda

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of fundir.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of fundir.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of fundir.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of fundir.

ReferencesEdit

  • Orlando Alba, Cómo hablamos los dominicanos, Santo Domingo, Amigo del Hogar, 2003. (full text)

TurkishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from Greek [Term?].

NounEdit

funda (definite accusative fundayı, plural fundalar)

  1. shrub, heath
  2. (botanics) heath

DeclensionEdit


XhosaEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Nguni *-fúnda, from Proto-Bantu *-túnda.

VerbEdit

-fúnda

  1. to learn
  2. to read

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Derived termsEdit

ZuluEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Nguni *-fúnda, from Proto-Bantu *-túnda.

VerbEdit

-fúnda

  1. (intransitive) to learn
  2. (transitive) to study
  3. (transitive) to read
InflectionEdit
Tone H
Infinitive ukufunda
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukufunda ukungafundi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular funda funde
Plural fundani fundeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyafunda, ngifunda engiyafunda, engifunda ngifunda angifundi engingafundi ngingafundi
2nd singular uyafunda, ufunda oyafunda, ofunda ufunda awufundi ongafundi ungafundi
1st plural siyafunda, sifunda esiyafunda, esifunda sifunda asifundi esingafundi singafundi
2nd plural niyafunda, nifunda eniyafunda, enifunda nifunda anifundi eningafundi ningafundi
Class 1 uyafunda, ufunda oyafunda, ofunda efunda akafundi ongafundi engafundi
Class 2 bayafunda, bafunda abayafunda, abafunda befunda abafundi abangafundi bengafundi
Class 3 uyafunda, ufunda oyafunda, ofunda ufunda awufundi ongafundi ungafundi
Class 4 iyafunda, ifunda eyafunda, efunda ifunda ayifundi engafundi ingafundi
Class 5 liyafunda, lifunda eliyafunda, elifunda lifunda alifundi elingafundi lingafundi
Class 6 ayafunda, afunda ayafunda, afunda efunda awafundi angafundi engafundi
Class 7 siyafunda, sifunda esiyafunda, esifunda sifunda asifundi esingafundi singafundi
Class 8 ziyafunda, zifunda eziyafunda, ezifunda zifunda azifundi ezingafundi zingafundi
Class 9 iyafunda, ifunda eyafunda, efunda ifunda ayifundi engafundi ingafundi
Class 10 ziyafunda, zifunda eziyafunda, ezifunda zifunda azifundi ezingafundi zingafundi
Class 11 luyafunda, lufunda oluyafunda, olufunda lufunda alufundi olungafundi lungafundi
Class 14 buyafunda, bufunda obuyafunda, obufunda bufunda abufundi obungafundi bungafundi
Class 15 kuyafunda, kufunda okuyafunda, okufunda kufunda akufundi okungafundi kungafundi
Class 17 kuyafunda, kufunda okuyafunda, okufunda kufunda akufundi okungafundi kungafundi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngifundile, ngifundē engifundile, engifundē ngifundile, ngifundē angifundanga engingafundanga ngingafundanga
2nd singular ufundile, ufundē ofundile, ofundē ufundile, ufundē awufundanga ongafundanga ungafundanga
1st plural sifundile, sifundē esifundile, esifundē sifundile, sifundē asifundanga esingafundanga singafundanga
2nd plural nifundile, nifundē enifundile, enifundē nifundile, nifundē anifundanga eningafundanga ningafundanga
Class 1 ufundile, ufundē ofundile, ofundē efundile, efundē akafundanga ongafundanga engafundanga
Class 2 bafundile, bafundē abafundile, abafundē befundile, befundē abafundanga abangafundanga bengafundanga
Class 3 ufundile, ufundē ofundile, ofundē ufundile, ufundē awufundanga ongafundanga ungafundanga
Class 4 ifundile, ifundē efundile, efundē ifundile, ifundē ayifundanga engafundanga ingafundanga
Class 5 lifundile, lifundē elifundile, elifundē lifundile, lifundē alifundanga elingafundanga lingafundanga
Class 6 afundile, afundē afundile, afundē efundile, efundē awafundanga angafundanga engafundanga
Class 7 sifundile, sifundē esifundile, esifundē sifundile, sifundē asifundanga esingafundanga singafundanga
Class 8 zifundile, zifundē ezifundile, ezifundē zifundile, zifundē azifundanga ezingafundanga zingafundanga
Class 9 ifundile, ifundē efundile, efundē ifundile, ifundē ayifundanga engafundanga ingafundanga
Class 10 zifundile, zifundē ezifundile, ezifundē zifundile, zifundē azifundanga ezingafundanga zingafundanga
Class 11 lufundile, lufundē olufundile, olufundē lufundile, lufundē alufundanga olungafundanga lungafundanga
Class 14 bufundile, bufundē obufundile, obufundē bufundile, bufundē abufundanga obungafundanga bungafundanga
Class 15 kufundile, kufundē okufundile, okufundē kufundile, kufundē akufundanga okungafundanga kungafundanga
Class 17 kufundile, kufundē okufundile, okufundē kufundile, kufundē akufundanga okungafundanga kungafundanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāfunda engāfunda ngāfunda angifundanga engingafundanga ngingafundanga
2nd singular wāfunda owāfunda wāfunda awufundanga ongafundanga ungafundanga
1st plural sāfunda esāfunda sāfunda asifundanga esingafundanga singafundanga
2nd plural nāfunda enāfunda nāfunda anifundanga eningafundanga ningafundanga
Class 1 wāfunda owāfunda āfunda akafundanga ongafundanga engafundanga
Class 2 bāfunda abāfunda bāfunda abafundanga abangafundanga bengafundanga
Class 3 wāfunda owāfunda wāfunda awufundanga ongafundanga ungafundanga
Class 4 yāfunda eyāfunda yāfunda ayifundanga engafundanga ingafundanga
Class 5 lāfunda elāfunda lāfunda alifundanga elingafundanga lingafundanga
Class 6 āfunda āfunda āfunda awafundanga angafundanga engafundanga
Class 7 sāfunda esāfunda sāfunda asifundanga esingafundanga singafundanga
Class 8 zāfunda ezāfunda zāfunda azifundanga ezingafundanga zingafundanga
Class 9 yāfunda eyāfunda yāfunda ayifundanga engafundanga ingafundanga
Class 10 zāfunda ezāfunda zāfunda azifundanga ezingafundanga zingafundanga
Class 11 lwāfunda olwāfunda lwāfunda alufundanga olungafundanga lungafundanga
Class 14 bāfunda obāfunda bāfunda abufundanga obungafundanga bungafundanga
Class 15 kwāfunda okwāfunda kwāfunda akufundanga okungafundanga kungafundanga
Class 17 kwāfunda okwāfunda kwāfunda akufundanga okungafundanga kungafundanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingafunda ngingafunda ngingefunde ngingefunde
2nd singular ungafunda ungafunda ungefunde ungefunde
1st plural singafunda singafunda singefunde singefunde
2nd plural ningafunda ningafunda ningefunde ningefunde
Class 1 angafunda engafunda angefunde engefunde
Class 2 bangafunda bengafunda bangefunde bengefunde
Class 3 ungafunda ungafunda ungefunde ungefunde
Class 4 ingafunda ingafunda ingefunde ingefunde
Class 5 lingafunda lingafunda lingefunde lingefunde
Class 6 angafunda engafunda angefunde engefunde
Class 7 singafunda singafunda singefunde singefunde
Class 8 zingafunda zingafunda zingefunde zingefunde
Class 9 ingafunda ingafunda ingefunde ingefunde
Class 10 zingafunda zingafunda zingefunde zingefunde
Class 11 lungafunda lungafunda lungefunde lungefunde
Class 14 bungafunda bungafunda bungefunde bungefunde
Class 15 kungafunda kungafunda kungefunde kungefunde
Class 17 kungafunda kungafunda kungefunde kungefunde
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizofunda engizofunda ngizofunda angizufunda ngingezufunda
2nd singular uzofunda ozofunda uzofunda awuzufunda ungezufunda
1st plural sizofunda esizofunda sizofunda asizufunda singezufunda
2nd plural nizofunda enizofunda nizofunda anizufunda ningezufunda
Class 1 uzofunda ozofunda ezofunda akazufunda engezufunda
Class 2 bazofunda abazofunda bezofunda abazufunda bengezufunda
Class 3 uzofunda ozofunda uzofunda awuzufunda ungezufunda
Class 4 izofunda ezofunda izofunda ayizufunda ingezufunda
Class 5 lizofunda elizofunda lizofunda alizufunda lingezufunda
Class 6 azofunda azofunda ezofunda awazufunda engezufunda
Class 7 sizofunda esizofunda sizofunda asizufunda singezufunda
Class 8 zizofunda ezizofunda zizofunda azizufunda zingezufunda
Class 9 izofunda ezofunda izofunda ayizufunda ingezufunda
Class 10 zizofunda ezizofunda zizofunda azizufunda zingezufunda
Class 11 luzofunda oluzofunda luzofunda aluzufunda lungezufunda
Class 14 buzofunda obuzofunda buzofunda abuzufunda bungezufunda
Class 15 kuzofunda okuzofunda kuzofunda akuzufunda kungezufunda
Class 17 kuzofunda okuzofunda kuzofunda akuzufunda kungezufunda
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyofunda engiyofunda ngiyofunda angiyufunda ngingeyufunda
2nd singular uyofunda oyofunda uyofunda awuyufunda ungeyufunda
1st plural siyofunda esiyofunda siyofunda asiyufunda singeyufunda
2nd plural niyofunda eniyofunda niyofunda aniyufunda ningeyufunda
Class 1 uyofunda oyofunda eyofunda akayufunda engeyufunda
Class 2 bayofunda abayofunda beyofunda abayufunda bengeyufunda
Class 3 uyofunda oyofunda uyofunda awuyufunda ungeyufunda
Class 4 iyofunda eyofunda iyofunda ayiyufunda ingeyufunda
Class 5 liyofunda eliyofunda liyofunda aliyufunda lingeyufunda
Class 6 ayofunda ayofunda eyofunda awayufunda engeyufunda
Class 7 siyofunda esiyofunda siyofunda asiyufunda singeyufunda
Class 8 ziyofunda eziyofunda ziyofunda aziyufunda zingeyufunda
Class 9 iyofunda eyofunda iyofunda ayiyufunda ingeyufunda
Class 10 ziyofunda eziyofunda ziyofunda aziyufunda zingeyufunda
Class 11 luyofunda oluyofunda luyofunda aluyufunda lungeyufunda
Class 14 buyofunda obuyofunda buyofunda abuyufunda bungeyufunda
Class 15 kuyofunda okuyofunda kuyofunda akuyufunda kungeyufunda
Class 17 kuyofunda okuyofunda kuyofunda akuyufunda kungeyufunda
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngifunde ngingafundi
2nd singular ufunde ungafundi
1st plural sifunde singafundi
2nd plural nifunde ningafundi
Class 1 afunde angafundi
Class 2 bafunde bangafundi
Class 3 ufunde ungafundi
Class 4 ifunde ingafundi
Class 5 lifunde lingafundi
Class 6 afunde angafundi
Class 7 sifunde singafundi
Class 8 zifunde zingafundi
Class 9 ifunde ingafundi
Class 10 zifunde zingafundi
Class 11 lufunde lungafundi
Class 14 bufunde bungafundi
Class 15 kufunde kungafundi
Class 17 kufunde kungafundi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngafunda angifunda
2nd singular wafunda awufunda
1st plural safunda asifunda
2nd plural nafunda anifunda
Class 1 wafunda akafunda
Class 2 bafunda abafunda
Class 3 wafunda awufunda
Class 4 yafunda ayifunda
Class 5 lafunda alifunda
Class 6 afunda awafunda
Class 7 safunda asifunda
Class 8 zafunda azifunda
Class 9 yafunda ayifunda
Class 10 zafunda azifunda
Class 11 lwafunda alufunda
Class 14 bafunda abufunda
Class 15 kwafunda akufunda
Class 17 kwafunda akufunda
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Nguni [Term?], from Proto-Bantu *-kúnda.

VerbEdit

-funda?

  1. (transitive) to swallow (food)
InflectionEdit
Tone H
Infinitive ukufunda
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukufunda ukungafundi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular funda funde
Plural fundani fundeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyafunda, ngifunda engiyafunda, engifunda ngifunda angifundi engingafundi ngingafundi
2nd singular uyafunda, ufunda oyafunda, ofunda ufunda awufundi ongafundi ungafundi
1st plural siyafunda, sifunda esiyafunda, esifunda sifunda asifundi esingafundi singafundi
2nd plural niyafunda, nifunda eniyafunda, enifunda nifunda anifundi eningafundi ningafundi
Class 1 uyafunda, ufunda oyafunda, ofunda efunda akafundi ongafundi engafundi
Class 2 bayafunda, bafunda abayafunda, abafunda befunda abafundi abangafundi bengafundi
Class 3 uyafunda, ufunda oyafunda, ofunda ufunda awufundi ongafundi ungafundi
Class 4 iyafunda, ifunda eyafunda, efunda ifunda ayifundi engafundi ingafundi
Class 5 liyafunda, lifunda eliyafunda, elifunda lifunda alifundi elingafundi lingafundi
Class 6 ayafunda, afunda ayafunda, afunda efunda awafundi angafundi engafundi
Class 7 siyafunda, sifunda esiyafunda, esifunda sifunda asifundi esingafundi singafundi
Class 8 ziyafunda, zifunda eziyafunda, ezifunda zifunda azifundi ezingafundi zingafundi
Class 9 iyafunda, ifunda eyafunda, efunda ifunda ayifundi engafundi ingafundi
Class 10 ziyafunda, zifunda eziyafunda, ezifunda zifunda azifundi ezingafundi zingafundi
Class 11 luyafunda, lufunda oluyafunda, olufunda lufunda alufundi olungafundi lungafundi
Class 14 buyafunda, bufunda obuyafunda, obufunda bufunda abufundi obungafundi bungafundi
Class 15 kuyafunda, kufunda okuyafunda, okufunda kufunda akufundi okungafundi kungafundi
Class 17 kuyafunda, kufunda okuyafunda, okufunda kufunda akufundi okungafundi kungafundi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngifundile, ngifundē engifundile, engifundē ngifundile, ngifundē angifundanga engingafundanga ngingafundanga
2nd singular ufundile, ufundē ofundile, ofundē ufundile, ufundē awufundanga ongafundanga ungafundanga
1st plural sifundile, sifundē esifundile, esifundē sifundile, sifundē asifundanga esingafundanga singafundanga
2nd plural nifundile, nifundē enifundile, enifundē nifundile, nifundē anifundanga eningafundanga ningafundanga
Class 1 ufundile, ufundē ofundile, ofundē efundile, efundē akafundanga ongafundanga engafundanga
Class 2 bafundile, bafundē abafundile, abafundē befundile, befundē abafundanga abangafundanga bengafundanga
Class 3 ufundile, ufundē ofundile, ofundē ufundile, ufundē awufundanga ongafundanga ungafundanga
Class 4 ifundile, ifundē efundile, efundē ifundile, ifundē ayifundanga engafundanga ingafundanga
Class 5 lifundile, lifundē elifundile, elifundē lifundile, lifundē alifundanga elingafundanga lingafundanga
Class 6 afundile, afundē afundile, afundē efundile, efundē awafundanga angafundanga engafundanga
Class 7 sifundile, sifundē esifundile, esifundē sifundile, sifundē asifundanga esingafundanga singafundanga
Class 8 zifundile, zifundē ezifundile, ezifundē zifundile, zifundē azifundanga ezingafundanga zingafundanga
Class 9 ifundile, ifundē efundile, efundē ifundile, ifundē ayifundanga engafundanga ingafundanga
Class 10 zifundile, zifundē ezifundile, ezifundē zifundile, zifundē azifundanga ezingafundanga zingafundanga
Class 11 lufundile, lufundē olufundile, olufundē lufundile, lufundē alufundanga olungafundanga lungafundanga
Class 14 bufundile, bufundē obufundile, obufundē bufundile, bufundē abufundanga obungafundanga bungafundanga
Class 15 kufundile, kufundē okufundile, okufundē kufundile, kufundē akufundanga okungafundanga kungafundanga
Class 17 kufundile, kufundē okufundile, okufundē kufundile, kufundē akufundanga okungafundanga kungafundanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāfunda engāfunda ngāfunda angifundanga engingafundanga ngingafundanga
2nd singular wāfunda owāfunda wāfunda awufundanga ongafundanga ungafundanga
1st plural sāfunda esāfunda sāfunda asifundanga esingafundanga singafundanga
2nd plural nāfunda enāfunda nāfunda anifundanga eningafundanga ningafundanga
Class 1 wāfunda owāfunda āfunda akafundanga ongafundanga engafundanga
Class 2 bāfunda abāfunda bāfunda abafundanga abangafundanga bengafundanga
Class 3 wāfunda owāfunda wāfunda awufundanga ongafundanga ungafundanga
Class 4 yāfunda eyāfunda yāfunda ayifundanga engafundanga ingafundanga
Class 5 lāfunda elāfunda lāfunda alifundanga elingafundanga lingafundanga
Class 6 āfunda āfunda āfunda awafundanga angafundanga engafundanga
Class 7 sāfunda esāfunda sāfunda asifundanga esingafundanga singafundanga
Class 8 zāfunda ezāfunda zāfunda azifundanga ezingafundanga zingafundanga
Class 9 yāfunda eyāfunda yāfunda ayifundanga engafundanga ingafundanga
Class 10 zāfunda ezāfunda zāfunda azifundanga ezingafundanga zingafundanga
Class 11 lwāfunda olwāfunda lwāfunda alufundanga olungafundanga lungafundanga
Class 14 bāfunda obāfunda bāfunda abufundanga obungafundanga bungafundanga
Class 15 kwāfunda okwāfunda kwāfunda akufundanga okungafundanga kungafundanga
Class 17 kwāfunda okwāfunda kwāfunda akufundanga okungafundanga kungafundanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingafunda ngingafunda ngingefunde ngingefunde
2nd singular ungafunda ungafunda ungefunde ungefunde
1st plural singafunda singafunda singefunde singefunde
2nd plural ningafunda ningafunda ningefunde ningefunde
Class 1 angafunda engafunda angefunde engefunde
Class 2 bangafunda bengafunda bangefunde bengefunde
Class 3 ungafunda ungafunda ungefunde ungefunde
Class 4 ingafunda ingafunda ingefunde ingefunde
Class 5 lingafunda lingafunda lingefunde lingefunde
Class 6 angafunda engafunda angefunde engefunde
Class 7 singafunda singafunda singefunde singefunde
Class 8 zingafunda zingafunda zingefunde zingefunde
Class 9 ingafunda ingafunda ingefunde ingefunde
Class 10 zingafunda zingafunda zingefunde zingefunde
Class 11 lungafunda lungafunda lungefunde lungefunde
Class 14 bungafunda bungafunda bungefunde bungefunde
Class 15 kungafunda kungafunda kungefunde kungefunde
Class 17 kungafunda kungafunda kungefunde kungefunde
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizofunda engizofunda ngizofunda angizufunda ngingezufunda
2nd singular uzofunda ozofunda uzofunda awuzufunda ungezufunda
1st plural sizofunda esizofunda sizofunda asizufunda singezufunda
2nd plural nizofunda enizofunda nizofunda anizufunda ningezufunda
Class 1 uzofunda ozofunda ezofunda akazufunda engezufunda
Class 2 bazofunda abazofunda bezofunda abazufunda bengezufunda
Class 3 uzofunda ozofunda uzofunda awuzufunda ungezufunda
Class 4 izofunda ezofunda izofunda ayizufunda ingezufunda
Class 5 lizofunda elizofunda lizofunda alizufunda lingezufunda
Class 6 azofunda azofunda ezofunda awazufunda engezufunda
Class 7 sizofunda esizofunda sizofunda asizufunda singezufunda
Class 8 zizofunda ezizofunda zizofunda azizufunda zingezufunda
Class 9 izofunda ezofunda izofunda ayizufunda ingezufunda
Class 10 zizofunda ezizofunda zizofunda azizufunda zingezufunda
Class 11 luzofunda oluzofunda luzofunda aluzufunda lungezufunda
Class 14 buzofunda obuzofunda buzofunda abuzufunda bungezufunda
Class 15 kuzofunda okuzofunda kuzofunda akuzufunda kungezufunda
Class 17 kuzofunda okuzofunda kuzofunda akuzufunda kungezufunda
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyofunda engiyofunda ngiyofunda angiyufunda ngingeyufunda
2nd singular uyofunda oyofunda uyofunda awuyufunda ungeyufunda
1st plural siyofunda esiyofunda siyofunda asiyufunda singeyufunda
2nd plural niyofunda eniyofunda niyofunda aniyufunda ningeyufunda
Class 1 uyofunda oyofunda eyofunda akayufunda engeyufunda
Class 2 bayofunda abayofunda beyofunda abayufunda bengeyufunda
Class 3 uyofunda oyofunda uyofunda awuyufunda ungeyufunda
Class 4 iyofunda eyofunda iyofunda ayiyufunda ingeyufunda
Class 5 liyofunda eliyofunda liyofunda aliyufunda lingeyufunda
Class 6 ayofunda ayofunda eyofunda awayufunda engeyufunda
Class 7 siyofunda esiyofunda siyofunda asiyufunda singeyufunda
Class 8 ziyofunda eziyofunda ziyofunda aziyufunda zingeyufunda
Class 9 iyofunda eyofunda iyofunda ayiyufunda ingeyufunda
Class 10 ziyofunda eziyofunda ziyofunda aziyufunda zingeyufunda
Class 11 luyofunda oluyofunda luyofunda aluyufunda lungeyufunda
Class 14 buyofunda obuyofunda buyofunda abuyufunda bungeyufunda
Class 15 kuyofunda okuyofunda kuyofunda akuyufunda kungeyufunda
Class 17 kuyofunda okuyofunda kuyofunda akuyufunda kungeyufunda
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngifunde ngingafundi
2nd singular ufunde ungafundi
1st plural sifunde singafundi
2nd plural nifunde ningafundi
Class 1 afunde angafundi
Class 2 bafunde bangafundi
Class 3 ufunde ungafundi
Class 4 ifunde ingafundi
Class 5 lifunde lingafundi
Class 6 afunde angafundi
Class 7 sifunde singafundi
Class 8 zifunde zingafundi
Class 9 ifunde ingafundi
Class 10 zifunde zingafundi
Class 11 lufunde lungafundi
Class 14 bufunde bungafundi
Class 15 kufunde kungafundi
Class 17 kufunde kungafundi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngafunda angifunda
2nd singular wafunda awufunda
1st plural safunda asifunda
2nd plural nafunda anifunda
Class 1 wafunda akafunda
Class 2 bafunda abafunda
Class 3 wafunda awufunda
Class 4 yafunda ayifunda
Class 5 lafunda alifunda
Class 6 afunda awafunda
Class 7 safunda asifunda
Class 8 zafunda azifunda
Class 9 yafunda ayifunda
Class 10 zafunda azifunda
Class 11 lwafunda alufunda
Class 14 bafunda abufunda
Class 15 kwafunda akufunda
Class 17 kwafunda akufunda

ReferencesEdit