See also: Primer

English edit

 
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Etymology 1 edit

From Middle English primer, primere, from Medieval Latin primarius and primarium (prayer book) possibly via Anglo-Norman primer (prayer book), from prima (prime the liturgical hour and office) + -arius and -arium (forming related objects). Its use for schoolbooks derived from the late medieval and early modern use of such prayer books to teach reading.

Pronunciation edit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈpɹaɪ.mə(ɹ)/, enPR: prīʹmə
  • (file)
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈpɹɪ.mɚ/, enPR: prĭmʹər
  • (file)
  • (US, irregular, but common; borrowed from Etymology 2): IPA(key): /ˈpɹaɪmɚ/, enPR: prīmʹər
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪmə(ɹ), -ɪmə(ɹ)

Noun edit

primer (plural primers)

  1. (historical, Catholicism ecclesiastical) A prayer or devotional book intended for laity, initially an abridgment of the breviary and manual including the hours of the Virgin Mary, 15 gradual and 7 penitential psalms, the litany, the placebo and dirige forming the office of the dead, and the commendations.
    Synonyms: book of hours, prayer book
  2. (historical, Protestantism ecclesiastical) Any of various similar works issued in England for private prayer in accordance with the Book of Common Prayer.
  3. A children's book intended to teach literacy: how to read, write, and spell.
    • 1545, The A.B.C. Primers:
    • 1995, Neal Stephenson, The Diamond Age:
      Four-year-old Elizabeth Finkle-McGraw would receive the Young Lady's Illustrated Primer from her grandfather. Fiona Hackworth would be getting a copy of the Illustrated Primer too, for this had been John Percival Hackworth's crime: He had programmed the matter compiler to place the cockleburs on the outside of Elizabeth's book.
  4. An introductory text on any subject, particularly basic concepts.
    • 1959 March, “New Reading on Railways: The Railwayman's Diesel Manual. By William F. Bolton. G. H. Lake. 7s. 6d.”, in Trains Illustrated, page 172:
      [...] The two assets of the book are clear explanation, and a multitude of extremely helpful diagrams, some in two colours, and cutaway photographs; these clearly unravel a difficult subject for the layman, as well as the student engineman for whom the primer is chiefly designed.
  5. (New Zealand, obsolete) An elementary school class; an elementary school student.
Derived terms edit
Translations edit

Etymology 2 edit

prime +‎ -er.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

primer (countable and uncountable, plural primers)

  1. Any substance or device, such as priming wire or blasting cap, used to ignite gunpowder or other explosive.
    • 1912, United States Army Ordnance Dept, Handbook of the 2.95-inch mountain gun mate/riel and pack outfit, →ISBN, page 17:
      The percussion primer, known as the “ 110-grain percussion primer,” contains an igniting charge of 95 grains of black powder in addition to the essential elements of a percussion primer.
    • 2003, Sam Fadala, The Gun Digest Blackpowder Loading Manual, →ISBN, page 73:
      Therefore, the shotgun primer is quite self- contained. It consists of a separate metal cup called a battery cup that contains the primer itself. That's why it is considered a two-piece primer.
    • 2016, Steve Sieberts, Gun Digest Shooter's Guide to Competitive Pistol Shooting, →ISBN, page 224:
      Take care when handling primers, especially ensure that your fingers are free of oil or dirt. Oil can affect the detonating properties of the primer pellet, and can be the cause of misfires if too much oil gets into the primer.
  2. (obsolete) A person who primes explosives.
  3. A substance used to prime wood, metal, etc. in preparation for painting.
  4. A layer of such a substance.
  5. A layer of makeup that goes beneath the foundation; undermakeup.
    • 1989, Stan Place, Bobbi Ray Madry, The Art and Science of Professional Makeup, →ISBN, page 95:
      The undermakeup (primer) should be allowed to dry-set for 30 seconds. Apply foundation over the primer with a sponge using light, careful strokes to blend. Undermakeups come in cream form, sponge-on wands, or sponge-on cream, and as a lotion.
  6. (obsolete) A person who primes wood, metal, etc.
  7. (biochemistry, genetics) A molecule which initiates the synthesis of an enzyme, (especially) a single-stranded nucleic acid molecule which initiates DNA replication.
  8. (medicine, zoology) A pheromone which interacts first with the endocrine system.
  9. A device used to prime an internal combustion engine with gasoline, (especially) in airplanes.
  10. A person who prunes trees.
Related terms edit
Translations edit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 3 edit

From Anglo-Norman primer (first), from Latin prīmārius (first).

Adjective edit

primer (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) First in time, initial, early.
  2. (obsolete) First in importance, premier.
  3. (obsolete, rare) First in position, foremost.
Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Catalan edit

Catalan numbers (edit)
10[a], [b], [c]
1 2  →  10  → [a], [b], [c]
    Cardinal: u, un
    Ordinal: primer
    Ordinal abbreviation: 1r

Etymology edit

Inherited from Old Catalan primer, from Latin prīmārius.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

primer (feminine primera, masculine plural primers, feminine plural primeres)

  1. (ordinal number) first
  2. (mathematics) prime (having no divisor except itself and 1):

Derived terms edit

Adverb edit

primer

  1. first; before anything else

References edit

French edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

primer

  1. to dominate, to be dominant over
  2. to win (a prize)
  3. to prevail, take precedent

Conjugation edit

Further reading edit

Hungarian edit

Etymology edit

From German primär, from French primaire, from Latin primarius.[1]

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈprimɛr]
  • Hyphenation: pri‧mer
  • Rhymes: -ɛr

Adjective edit

primer (comparative primerebb, superlative legprimerebb)

  1. primary
    primer feszültségprimary voltage

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative primer primerek
accusative primert primereket
dative primernek primereknek
instrumental primerrel primerekkel
causal-final primerért primerekért
translative primerré primerekké
terminative primerig primerekig
essive-formal primerként primerekként
essive-modal
inessive primerben primerekben
superessive primeren primereken
adessive primernél primereknél
illative primerbe primerekbe
sublative primerre primerekre
allative primerhez primerekhez
elative primerből primerekből
delative primerről primerekről
ablative primertől primerektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
primeré primereké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
primeréi primerekéi

References edit

  1. ^ Tótfalusi, István. Idegenszó-tár: Idegen szavak értelmező és etimológiai szótára (’A Storehouse of Foreign Words: an explanatory and etymological dictionary of foreign words’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2005. →ISBN

Further reading edit

  • primer in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Indonesian edit

Etymology edit

From Dutch primair, from French primaire, from Latin prīmārius.

Pronunciation edit

Adjective edit

primèr

  1. primary:
    1. first or earliest in a group or series.
    2. main; principal; chief; placed ahead of others.

Alternative forms edit

Further reading edit

Old French edit

Adjective edit

primer m (oblique and nominative feminine singular primere)

  1. Alternative form of premier

Adverb edit

primer

  1. Alternative form of premier

Noun edit

primer oblique singularm (oblique plural primers, nominative singular primers, nominative plural primer)

  1. Alternative form of premier
  2. (Anglo-Norman) primer (hymn book)

References edit

Serbo-Croatian edit

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /prǐːmer/
  • Hyphenation: pri‧mer

Noun edit

prímer m (Cyrillic spelling при́мер)

  1. example, instance
  2. model, paragon
  3. precedence

Declension edit

Derived terms edit

Slovene edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

primẹ̑r m inan

  1. example (something representative of a group)

Inflection edit

 
The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine inan., hard o-stem
nom. sing. primér
gen. sing. priméra
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
primér priméra priméri
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
priméra primérov primérov
dative
(dajȃlnik)
priméru priméroma primérom
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
primér priméra primére
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
priméru primérih primérih
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
primérom priméroma priméri

Derived terms edit

Spanish edit

Spanish numbers (edit)
1
    Cardinal: uno
    Apocopated cardinal: un
    Ordinal: primero
    Apocopated ordinal: primer
    Ordinal abbreviation: 1.º
    Multiplier: simple
    Distributive: sendos

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /pɾiˈmeɾ/ [pɾiˈmeɾ]
  • Rhymes: -eɾ
  • Syllabification: pri‧mer

Adjective edit

primer m (apocopate, standard form primero)

  1. (before the noun) Apocopic form of primero (first)
    el primer hijothe first child
  2. (informal, proscribed) Apocopic form of primera (first)

Usage notes edit

  • The form primer is only used before and within the noun phrase of a modified masculine singular noun. In other positions, the standard form primero is used instead.

Further reading edit