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ThaiEdit

EtymologyEdit

Uncertain. Perhaps from extension of Old Khmer sgāla, sgãla, sgal (to know, be acquainted or familiar with), corresponding to Modern Khmer ស្គាល់ (skŏəl).

Compare Modern Khmer សំគាល់ (sɑmkŏəl), សម្គាល់ (sɑmkŏəl, to notice, to take note of; to distinguish, to recognise; mark, sign; etc).

Reborrowed by Modern Khmer as សំខាន់ (sɑmkhan, important; excellent, magnificent; remarkable; exemplary, model; etc).

Compare also Lao ສຳຄັນ (sam khan).

PronunciationEdit

Orthographic สำคัญ
s å g ạ ɲ
Phonemic สำ-คัน
s å – g ạ n
Romanization Paiboon sǎm-kan
Royal Institute sam-khan
(standard) IPA(key) /sam˩˩˦.kʰan˧/

AdjectiveEdit

สำคัญ (sǎm-kan) (abstract noun ความสำคัญ)

  1. distinct; notable; noteworthy; special; remarkable.
  2. chief, key, main, principal; important, significant; first, major, prime.
  3. precious; valuable.

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

สำคัญ (sǎm-kan)

  1. distinction; mark; sign.

VerbEdit

สำคัญ (sǎm-kan) (abstract noun การสำคัญ)

  1. to believe, consider, think, or understand, especially groundlessly or incorrectly.
  2. to matter; to signify; to be of importance.
  3. (used negatively or sarcastically) to regard or view as important; to hold in high esteem.

Derived termsEdit