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ChineseEdit

 
one; single; a; (before verbs) as soon as, once; (before a noun) entire (family, etc.)
 
under; next; lower; below; underneath; down(wards); to go down; latter
simp. and trad.
(一下)
variant forms 一吓 Cantonese

PronunciationEdit


AdverbEdit

一下

  1. one time; once
    一下  ―  Tā dǎ le wǒ yīxià.  ―  He hit me once.
  2. a (short) while; a moment
    一下  ―  děng yīxià  ―  wait a moment
    休息一下  ―  xiūxī yīxià  ―  rest a while
    一下  ―  bào yīxià  ―  give a quick hug
    小等一下 [Min Nan]  ―  sió-tán--chi̍t-ē [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  wait a moment
  3. give something a go; give something a try
    一下  ―  kàn yīxià  ―  take a look
    一下 / 一下  ―  wén yīxià  ―  try smelling it
  4. (Cantonese) suddenly; all at once
    一下真係 [Cantonese, trad.]
    一下真系 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Nei5 jat1 haa5 gam2 man6, ngo5 zan1 hai6 m4 zi1 dim2 daap3 nei5 wo3. [Jyutping]
    Your question just came all at once. I really don't know how to answer you.
  5. (Sichuan) entirely; completely
  6. (Sichuan) in all; in total

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 突然 (“suddenly”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 突然, 忽然, 猛然, 驀地, 乍然, 倏忽, 驟然, 猝然, 突然間
Mandarin Beijing 突然, 忽然
Taiwan 突然, 忽然
Cantonese Guangzhou 突然間, 忽然間, 一下, 無啦啦
Hong Kong 突然間, 忽然間, 一下, 無啦啦
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 忽然間
Kuala Lumpur 突然
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian) 突然間, 忽然間, 好恬恬
Liudui (S. Sixian) 突然間, 忽然間, 好恬恬仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 突然間, 忽然間, 好恬恬
Dongshi (Dabu) 突然間, 忽然間, 好恬恬
Hsinchu (Raoping) 突然間, 忽然間, 好恬恬
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 突然, 好定泥
Hong Kong 陣時間
Senai 陣間
Min Nan Xiamen 突然, 忽然, 暴其然, 無張無持, 無張持
Quanzhou 突然, 忽然, 無張無持, 無張持
Zhangzhou 突然, 忽然, 暴其然, 無張無持, 無張持
Taipei 突然, 忽然, 雄雄, 無張持
Johor Bahru 突然
Wu Wenzhou 單下

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit