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one; single; a; (before verbs) as soon as, once; (before a noun) entire (family, etc.)
under; next; lower; below; underneath; down(wards); to go down; latter
simp. and trad.
alt. forms 一吓 Cantonese




  1. one time; once
    一下  ―  Tā dǎ le wǒ yīxià.  ―  He hit me once.
  2. a (short) while; a moment
    一下  ―  děng yīxià  ―  wait a moment
    休息一下  ―  xiūxī yīxià  ―  rest a while
    一下  ―  bào yīxià  ―  give a quick hug
    小等一下 [Min Nan]  ―  sió-tán--chi̍t-ē [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  wait a moment
  3. give something a go; give something a try
    一下  ―  kàn yīxià  ―  take a look
    一下 / 一下  ―  wén yīxià  ―  try smelling it
  4. (Cantonese) suddenly; all at once
    一下真係 [Cantonese, trad.]
    一下真系 [Cantonese, simp.]
    Nei5 jat1 haa5 gam2 man6, ngo5 zan1 hai6 m4 zi1 dim2 daap3 nei5 wo3. [Jyutping]
    Your question just came all at once. I really don't know how to answer you.
  5. (Sichuan) entirely; completely
  6. (Sichuan) in all; in total


Dialectal synonyms of 突然 (“suddenly”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 突然忽然猛然驀地乍然倏忽驟然猝然
Mandarin Beijing 突然忽然
Taiwan 突然忽然
Cantonese Guangzhou 突然間忽然間一下無啦啦
Hong Kong 突然間忽然間一下無啦啦
Hong Kong (Weitou) 忽然間
Kuala Lumpur 突然
Hakka Miaoli (N. Sixian) 突然間忽然間好恬恬
Liudui (S. Sixian) 突然間忽然間好恬恬仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 突然間忽然間好恬恬
Dongshi (Dabu) 突然間忽然間好恬恬
Zhuolan (Raoping) 突然間忽然間好恬恬
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 突然好定泥
Hong Kong 陣時間
Senai 陣間
Min Nan Xiamen 突然忽然暴其然無張無持無張持
Quanzhou 突然忽然無張無持無張持
Zhangzhou 突然忽然暴其然無張無持無張持
Taipei 突然忽然雄雄無張持
Johor Bahru 突然