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See also: 朝鲜

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ChineseEdit

 
morning; to face; towards; facing; direct; a dynasty; the imperial court; (abbr.) Korea, esp. N. Korea
few; rare; fresh
trad. (朝鮮)
simp. (朝鲜)
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
朝鮮 (Written Standard Chinese?)
朝鮮 (稱謂) (Written Standard Chinese?)
Names of Korea (English)

EtymologyEdit

Found in many pre-Qin dynasty [before 3rd century BCE] texts. The meaning of this term is uncertain; a common literal interpretation is “morning () calm ()”, and thus, Korea is also known as the “Land of the Morning Calm”.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (9) (16) (16) (16)
Final () (92) (77) (77) (77)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open Open
Division () Chongniu III III III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈˠiᴇu/ /siᴇn/ /siᴇnX/ /siᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈᵚiɛu/ /siɛn/ /siɛnX/ /siɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiæu/ /sjæn/ /sjænX/ /sjænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈiaw/ /sian/ /sianX/ /sianH/
Li
Rong
/ȶjɛu/ /siɛn/ /siɛnX/ /siɛnH/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭɛu/ /sĭɛn/ /sĭɛnX/ /sĭɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯ɛu/ /si̯ɛn/ /si̯ɛnX/ /si̯ɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhāo xiān xiǎn xiàn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/3 2/3 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
cháo zhāo xiān xiān xiǎn
Middle
Chinese
‹ drjew › ‹ trjew › ‹ sjen › ‹ sjen › ‹ sjenX ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-t<r>aw/ /*t<r>aw/ /*[s][a]r/ /*s[a]r/ /*[s][e]rʔ/
English (morning) audience at court morning fresh; good 鮮卑 *s[a]r.pe Xiānbēi rare, few

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 1309 13490 13492 13496
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2 2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
𪓙
Old
Chinese
/*r'ew/ /*sen/ /*senʔ/ /*sens/
Notes

Proper nounEdit

朝鮮

  1. Korea (cultural concept)
  2. (historical) Gojoseon (ancient Korean kingdom)
  3. (王朝) (historical) Joseon (ancient Korean dynasty and state)
  4. (~民主主義人民共和國) North Korea (country)
  5. (~半島) Korean Peninsula

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
ちょう
Grade: 2
せん
Grade: S
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Chinese 朝鮮

/teusen/ > /tjoːsen/, [tɕoːsen]

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

朝鮮 (hiragana ちょうせん, rōmaji Chōsen, historical hiragana てうせん)

  1. Korea

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

Proper nounEdit

朝鮮 (Joseon) (hangeul 조선)

  1. Hanja form? of 조선 (Joseon; Korea, especially North Korea).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

Han charactersEdit

朝鮮

  1. Hán tự form of Triều Tiên, (“Korea”).