See also: 朝鲜

ChineseEdit

 
morning; to face; towards
morning; to face; towards; facing; direct; a dynasty; the imperial court; (abbr.) Korea, esp. N. Korea
few; rare; fresh
trad. (朝鮮)
simp. (朝鲜)
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
 
朝鲜
DPRK

EtymologyEdit

Found in many pre-Qin dynasty [before 3rd century BCE] texts. The meaning of this term is uncertain; a common literal interpretation is “morning () calm ()”, and thus, Korea is also known as the “Land of the Morning Calm”.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 1/3
Initial () (9) (16)
Final () (92) (77)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈˠiᴇu/ /siᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈᵚiɛu/ /siɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiæu/ /sjæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈiaw/ /sian/
Li
Rong
/ȶjɛu/ /siɛn/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭɛu/ /sĭɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯ɛu/ /si̯ɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhāo xiān
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ziu1 sin1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhāo xiān
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjew › ‹ sjen ›
Old
Chinese
/*t<r>aw/ /*[s][a]r/
English morning fresh; good

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/3
No. 1309 13490
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
𪓙
Old
Chinese
/*r'ew/ /*sen/
Notes

Proper nounEdit

朝鮮

  1. Korea (two countries in East Asia, North Korea and South Korea)
  2. (historical) Gojoseon (ancient Korean kingdom)
  3. (王朝) (historical) Joseon (ancient Korean dynasty and state)
  4. (Mainland China) (~民主主義人民共和國) North Korea (a country in East Asia)
  5. (~半島) Korean Peninsula

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (朝鮮):

Others:

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
ちょう
Grade: 2
せん
Grade: S
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Chinese 朝鮮.

/teusen/ > /tjoːsen/, [tɕoːsen]

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

(ちょう)(せん) (Chōsenてうせん (teusen)?

  1. Korea (two countries in East Asia, North Korea and South Korea)
  2. North Korea (a country in East Asia)

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit


KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

Proper nounEdit

朝鮮 (Joseon) (hangeul 조선)

  1. Hanja form? of 조선 (Joseon; Korea, especially North Korea).

OkinawanEdit

Kanji in this term
ちょー
Grade: 2
しん
Grade: S

Proper nounEdit

朝鮮 (hiragana ちょーしん, romaji Chōshin, sort ちょおしん)

  1. Korea (two countries in East Asia, North Korea and South Korea)
  2. North Korea (a country in East Asia)
    Synonym: 韓国 (Kwankuku), 高麗 (Kōrē)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ちょーしん【朝鮮】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

Proper nounEdit

朝鮮

  1. chữ Hán form of Triều Tiên (Korea; North Korea).