U+6CBB, 治
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6CBB

[U+6CBA]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6CBC]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 水戈口 (EIR), four-corner 33160, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 614, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17256
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1007, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1599, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+6CBB

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𣳮

Glyph originEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *l'ɯ, *l'ɯs, *l'is): semantic  (water) + phonetic  (OC *l̥ʰɯː, *l'ɯː, *l'ɯː, *lɯ) — name of a river.

Etymology 1Edit

Sagart (1999) relates it to (OC *rɯ, “to govern; to regulate”).

PronunciationEdit


Note: chí - literary pronunciation used in 統治统治 (tǒngzhì), 治國治国 (zhìguó), etc..
Note: ci4 - used in 治家, 治國, etc..

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Tianjin /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²¹/
Qingdao /tʃz̩⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩³¹²/
Xi'an /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩¹³/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡sz̩³⁵/
Chengdu /t͡sz̩¹³/
Guiyang /t͡sz̩²¹³/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩²¹²/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sz̩⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩³⁵/
Hohhot /t͡sz̩⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zz̩²³/
Suzhou /zz̩ʷ³¹/
Hangzhou /d͡zz̩¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zz̩²²/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi²²/
Tunxi /t͡ɕi²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰz̩²¹/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰz̩⁵³/
Taoyuan /tʃʰï⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡si²²/
Nanning /t͡si²²/
Hong Kong /t͡si²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ti²²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tɛi²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ti³³/
/ti⁴²/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ti³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡si³³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (11) (11) (11)
Final () (19) (17) (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () III Chongniu III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨ/ /ɖˠiɪH/ /ɖɨH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖɨ/ /ɖᵚiH/ /ɖɨH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡie/ /ȡiɪH/ /ȡieH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖɨ/ /ɖjiH/ /ɖɨH/
Li
Rong
/ȡiə/ /ȡjiH/ /ȡiəH/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭə/ /ȡiH/ /ȡĭəH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi/ /ȡʱiH/ /ȡʱiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chí zhì zhì
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chí zhì
Middle
Chinese
‹ dri › ‹ driH ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.lrə/ /*lrə-s/
English regulate, arrange regulate, arrange

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 12288 12289 12302
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'ɯ/ /*l'ɯs/ /*l'is/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to govern; to regulate; to administer
  2. to treat; to cure (disease)
  3. to exterminate; to kill
  4. to punish; to discipline; to teach someone a lesson
    有人這個賤貨 [MSC, trad.]
    有人这个贱货 [MSC, simp.]
    Āiyou! Kě yǒurén zhìzhi zhè ge jiànhuò le! [Pinyin]
    Ah! Finally there is someone to teach this nasty person a lesson!
  5. to research; to specialise in (a topic)
  6. socially stable
  7. (historical) seat of a local government
  8. political affairs
  9. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (11)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɖɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȡie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖɨ/
Li
Rong
/ȡiə/
Wang
Li
/ȡĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȡʱi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chí
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 12288
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l'ɯ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Ancient river name.

Etymology 3Edit

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Ancient river name.

Etymology 4Edit

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Cantonese) Short for 三文治 (“sandwich”).
    [Cantonese]  ―  teoi2 daan6-2 zi6 [Jyutping]  ―  ham and egg sandwich

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. govern, regulate, administer

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(おさむ) (Osamu

  1. A male given name

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chi) (hangeul , revised chi, McCune–Reischauer ch'i, Yale chi)

  1. to govern; to manage

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(trị, chệ, trịa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.