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U+77DC, 矜
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-77DC

[U+77DB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+77DD]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 110, +4, 9 strokes, cangjie input 弓竹人戈弓 (NHOIN), four-corner 18227, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 822, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 23852
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1233, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2764, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+77DC

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰl'uːm
*l̥ʰuːmʔ
*l̥ʰuːms, *luːms
*qʰɯːm, *qlamʔ, *qlɯːms
*qʰɯːm
*qʰɯːm
*qʰɯːm, *ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːmʔ, *ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːms
*qɯːm, *qaːb
*qɯːm, *qrɯːms
*krɯːm
*qʰrɯːm, *kʰjam, *qʰlɯːm, *ɡrɯms
*qʰrɯːmʔ, *qʰram, *kʰlam, *kʰlamʔ, *qʰlɯːm
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*ɡram
*ɡram
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*nɯːms
*sɡɯm, *sɡrɯm
*sɢrɯm
*sɡrɯm
*sɡrɯm, *ɡrɯms
*sɡrɯm
*ɡjɯms
*krɯm
*krɯm
*krɯm
*kʰrɯm
*kʰrɯmʔ
*kʰrɯms
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm, *ŋɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm
*qʰrɯm, *qʰrɯmʔ
*qrɯm
*qrɯmʔ, *qrɯms
*qrɯms
*qrɯms
*ɡrɯn, *ɡɯn, *kɯŋ

Corrupted from , which is a Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡrɯn, *ɡɯn, *kɯŋ): semantic  (spear) + phonetic  (OC *ren, *reŋ, *reŋs, *reːŋ, *reːŋs). Modern Mandarin pronunciation follows the corrupted phonetic part (jīn).

Etymology 1Edit

trad.
simp. #

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3
Initial () (28)
Final () (133)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɨŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɨŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kieŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kiŋ/
Li
Rong
/kiəŋ/
Wang
Li
/kĭəŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯əŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jīng
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
jīn jīn
Middle
Chinese
‹ king › ‹ king ›
Old
Chinese
/*k-riŋ/ (dialect: *k-r- > k-, *-iŋ > MC -ing) /*k-riŋ/
English pity (v.) boastful

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 6631
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kɯŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to pity; to feel sorry for; to show sympathy for

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

trad.
simp. #
variant forms 𥎊

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/3 3/3
Initial () (30) (30)
Final () (44) (57)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡˠiɪn/ /ɡɨn/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡᵚin/ /ɡɨn/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡien/ /ɡiən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gjin/ /gɨn/
Li
Rong
/ɡjĕn/ /ɡiən/
Wang
Li
/ɡǐĕn/ /ɡĭən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gi̯ĕn/ /gi̯ən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
qín qín
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 3/3
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qín
Middle
Chinese
‹ gin ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɡriŋ/
English kind of lance

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3
No. 6629 6630
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
𥎊
Old
Chinese
/*ɡrɯn/ /*ɡɯn/
Notes 𥎊 𥎊

DefinitionsEdit

  1. handle of a spear

Etymology 3Edit

trad.
simp. #

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (guān, “old man with no wife”).
  2. Alternative form of (“to be ill”).

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. pride
  2. respect

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(geung, geun) (hangeul , , revised geung, geun, McCune–Reischauer kŭng, kŭn, Yale kung, kun)

  1. pity
  2. feel sorry for
  3. show sympathy for