See also:
U+5C91, 岑
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C91

[U+5C90]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C92]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 46, +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 山人戈弓 (UOIN), four-corner 22207, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 308, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7937
  • Dae Jaweon: page 608, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 763, character 23
  • Unihan data for U+5C91

Chinese

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trad.
simp. #

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • gîm/khîm - vernacular;
  • chîm/chhîm - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sʰən³⁵/
Harbin /t͡sʰən²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sʰən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡sʰə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sʰẽ²⁴/
Xining /t͡sʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡sʰəŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰən³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
Kunming /t͡sʰə̃³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰən²⁴/
Hefei /t͡sʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /t͡sən¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zən¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰəm¹¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐm²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐm²¹/
Hong Kong /sɐm²¹/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /t͡sʰim³⁵/
/gim³⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /t͡sɛiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /keiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Teochew) /ŋim⁵⁵/
Haikou (Hainanese) /ŋim³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (20)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter dzrim
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʒˠiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖ͡ʐᵚim/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒiem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖ͡ʐjim/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʒjəm/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʒĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖ͡ʐʱi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chén
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
cam4
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6594
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sɡrɯm/

Definitions

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  1. (literary) small but tall hill
  2. (obsolete) high
  3. a surname

Compounds

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Japanese

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Kanji

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(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. peak, mountaintop
  2. used in names

Readings

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Korean

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Hanja

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(jam, eum) (hangeul , , revised jam, eum, McCune–Reischauer cham, ŭm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings: sầm, sum, xờm

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.