Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 46 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 山人戈弓 (UOIN), four-corner 22207, composition)

  1. steep, precipitous
  2. peak

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 308, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7937
  • Dae Jaweon: page 608, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 763, character 23
  • Unihan data for U+5C91

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sʰən³⁵/
Harbin /t͡sʰən²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sʰən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡sʰə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sʰẽ²⁴/
Xining /t͡sʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡sʰəŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰən³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
Kunming /t͡sʰə̃³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰən²⁴/
Hefei /t͡sʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ¹³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /t͡sən¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zən¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰəm¹¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐm²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐm²¹/
Hong Kong /sɐm²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰim³⁵/
/gim³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɛiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /keiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋim⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ŋim³¹/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (20)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒiɪm/ /ɖ͡ʐʱi̯əm/ /d͡ʒiəm/ /ɖ͡ʐim/ /ɖ͡ʐim/ /d͡ʒĭĕm/ /d͡ʒjem/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6594 1 /*sɡrɯm/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jam, eum) (hangeul , , revised jam, eum, McCune-Reischauer cham, ŭm)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sầm, sum, xờm)

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