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U+5C91, 岑
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5C91

[U+5C90]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5C92]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 46 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 山人戈弓 (UOIN), four-corner 22207, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 308, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7937
  • Dae Jaweon: page 608, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 763, character 23
  • Unihan data for U+5C91

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʰl'uːm
*l̥ʰuːmʔ
*l̥ʰuːms, *luːms
*qʰɯːm, *qlamʔ, *qlɯːms
*qʰɯːm
*qʰɯːm
*qʰɯːm, *ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːm, *ɡɯːmʔ
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːm
*ɡɯːmʔ, *ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːms
*ɡɯːms
*qɯːm, *qaːb
*qɯːm, *qrɯːms
*krɯːm
*qʰrɯːm, *kʰjam, *qʰlɯːm, *ɡrɯms
*qʰrɯːmʔ, *qʰram, *kʰlam, *kʰlamʔ, *qʰlɯːm
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*ɡram
*ɡram
*ɡram, *ɡrɯm
*nɯːms
*sɡɯm, *sɡrɯm
*sɢrɯm
*sɡrɯm
*sɡrɯm, *ɡrɯms
*sɡrɯm
*ɡjɯms
*krɯm
*krɯm
*krɯm
*kʰrɯm
*kʰrɯmʔ
*kʰrɯms
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯm
*ɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm, *ŋɡrɯms
*ŋɡrɯm
*qʰrɯm, *qʰrɯmʔ
*qrɯm
*qrɯm
*qrɯmʔ, *qrɯms
*qrɯms
*qrɯms
*ɡrɯn, *ɡɯn, *kɯŋ

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • gîm/khîm - vernacular;
  • chîm/chhîm - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sʰən³⁵/
Harbin /t͡sʰən²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡sʰən⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂʰẽ⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡sʰə̃⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰən⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡sʰẽ²⁴/
Xining /t͡sʰə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡sʰəŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ʈ͡ʂʰə̃n⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰɤŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰən²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡sʰən³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰen²¹/
Kunming /t͡sʰə̃³¹/
Nanjing /t͡sʰən²⁴/
Hefei /t͡sʰən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰəŋ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰə̃ŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /zəŋ²³/
Suzhou /zən¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡zen²¹³/
Wenzhou /zaŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰiʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /t͡sən¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡zən¹²/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰəm¹¹/
Taoyuan
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɐm²¹/
Nanning /t͡sʰɐm²¹/
Hong Kong /sɐm²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰim³⁵/
/gim³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sɛiŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /keiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ŋim⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ŋim³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (20)
Final () (140)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʒˠiɪm/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖ͡ʐᵚim/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒiem/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖ͡ʐjim/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʒjəm/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʒĭĕm/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖ͡ʐʱi̯əm/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chén
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 6594
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sɡrɯm/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. small but tall hill
  2. high
  3. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. peak, mountaintop
  2. used in names

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(jam, eum) (hangeul , , revised jam, eum, McCune-Reischauer cham, ŭm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sầm, sum, xờm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.