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TranslingualEdit

Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative formsEdit

Note that in Japanese shinjitai, the bottom component is and not .

Han characterEdit

(radical 116 +4 in Chinese, 穴+3 in Japanese, in Chinese 9 strokes, in Japanese 8 strokes, cangjie input 十金戈大 (JCIK), four-corner 30430, composition(GHTKV) or ⿱(J))

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 863, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25424
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1291, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2722, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7A81

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Large seal script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
tʰuːd, *duːd
tʰuːd
duːd
duːd
duːd
duːd
duːd

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /tʰu⁵⁵/
Harbin /tʰu⁴⁴/
/tʰu²⁴/
Tianjin /tʰu²¹/
Jinan /tu²¹³/
Qingdao /tu⁴²/
Zhengzhou /tʰu²⁴/
Xi'an /tʰu⁵³/
Xining /tʰv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /tʰu¹³/
Lanzhou /tʰu⁵³/
Ürümqi /tʰu⁴⁴/
Wuhan /tʰəu²¹³/
Chengdu /tʰu³¹/
Guiyang /tʰu²¹/
Kunming /tʰu³¹/
Nanjing /tʰuʔ⁵/
Hefei /tʰuəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /tʰuəʔ²/
Pingyao /tʰuʌʔ¹³/
/tuʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /tʰuəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /dəʔ¹/
Suzhou /dəʔ³/
Hangzhou /dəʔ²/
Wenzhou /dø²¹³/
Hui Shexian /tʰuʔ²¹/
/tʰeʔ²¹/
Tunxi /tʰə⁵/
Xiang Changsha /tʰəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /tʰəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /tʰɨʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /tʰut̚⁵/
Taoyuan /tʰut̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /tɐk̚²/
Nanning /tɐt̚²²/
Hong Kong /tɐt̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tut̚⁵/
/tʰut̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /touʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰu²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tuk̚⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hut̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (7) (6)
Final () (56) (56)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed Closed
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/duət̚/ /tʰuət̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/duot̚/ /tʰuot̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/duət̚/ /tʰuət̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dwət̚/ /tʰwət̚/
Li
Rong
/duət̚/ /tʰuət̚/
Wang
Li
/duət̚/ /tʰuət̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱuət̚/ /tʰuət̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ dwot › ‹ thwot ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-tʰˤut/ /*tʰˤut/
English burst through break through; suddenly

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 12486 12488
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰuːd/ /*duːd/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to dash forward
  2. to stick out
  3. suddenly; abruptly; unexpectedly
  4. chug
  5. pit-a-pat

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

A CJK compatibility ideograph (U+FA55) exists for the kyūjitai form of .


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(dol) (hangeul , revised dol, McCune-Reischauer tol, Yale tol)

  1. dash, clash, eg., 돌격, 돌진, 충돌
  2. protrusion, eg., 돌기, 돌출
  3. flue, chimney, eg., 온돌, 연돌
  4. penetration, piercing, eg., 돌파, 연돌
  5. fierce horse, eg., perhaps 돌궐
  6. sudden, eg., 돌발, 돌변, 돌연, 돌풍

Derived termsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đột, đuột, sột, tọt, chặt, chợt, dột, đợt, đụt, lọt, mất)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.