U+82DF, 苟
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-82DF

[U+82DE]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+82E0]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿心口 (TPR), four-corner 44627, composition)

  1. careless, frivolous
  2. illicit
  3. (grammatical particle) if, but, if only
  4. A surname​.
  5. a type of grass

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1023, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30790
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1482, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3194, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+82DF

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*koː
*koː
*koː, *ɡo
*koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo
*koː, *koːs, *kʰoː
*koː, *koːʔ, *koʔ
*koː, *koːs, *ɡo
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
*koːʔ, *ko
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
*koːʔ
豿 *koːʔ, *qʰroːɡ
*koːʔ
*koːs, *kʰoːs, *qʰoːs, *kos
*koːs
*kʰoːʔ, *kʰoʔ
*qʰoː
*qʰoːʔ, *qʰos
*qʰoːʔ, *ɡo
*qʰoːs
*qʰoːs, *ɡoːs
*qʰoːs
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*ko
*koʔ, *kos
*kos, *ɡo
*kos
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo
*ɡo, *qʰo, *qʰoʔ, *qʰos
*qʰo, *qʰoʔ
*qʰoʔ
*qʰoʔ, *qʰos
*qʰos

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *koːʔ): semantic  + phonetic (OC *koː, *koːs, *kos, *ɡo) – a kind of grass, in original sense.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (28)
Final () (137) (134)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kəuX/ /kɨk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kəuX/ /kɨk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kəuX/ /kiek̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwX/ /kik̚/
Li
Rong
/kuX/ /kiək̚/
Wang
Li
/kəuX/ /kĭək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kə̯uX/ /ki̯ək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gǒu ji
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
gǒu
Middle
Chinese
‹ kuwX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]ˤ(r)oʔ/
English if really

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7069
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*koːʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

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CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gu) (hangeul , revised gu, McCune-Reischauer ku, Yale kwu)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cẩu, cảu, càu, )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.