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ChineseEdit

mirror; lens
 
flower; blossom; to spend; fancy pattern
water; river moon; month
trad. (鏡花水月)
simp. (镜花水月)
Literally: “flower in the mirror, moon on the water”.

EtymologyEdit

崢嶸棟梁一旦水月鏡像無心去來 [Classical Chinese, trad.][▼ expand/hide]
峥嵘栋梁一旦水月镜像无心去来 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
From: Tang dynasty, Pei Xiu (裴休), 《唐故左街僧錄內供奉三教談論引駕大德安國寺上座賜紫方袍大達法師元秘塔碑銘》(並序)
Zhēngróng dòngliáng, yīdàn ér cuī. Shuǐyuè jìngxiàng, wúxīn qùlái. [Pinyin]
(please add an English translation of this example)
阿彌陀佛為人在世原是鏡花水月 [Written Vernacular Chinese, trad.][▼ expand/hide]
阿弥陀佛为人在世原是镜花水月 [Written Vernacular Chinese, simp.]
From: Qing dynasty, Qian Cai (錢彩), Jin Feng (金豐), 《說岳全傳》
Ēmítuófó, wéirén zàishì, yuánshì jìnghuāshuǐyuè. [Pinyin]
Amitābha, a person's life is originally a fantasy.
鏡花水月消遣何必名賢勝地 [Written Vernacular Chinese, trad.][▼ expand/hide]
镜花水月消遣何必名贤胜地 [Written Vernacular Chinese, simp.]
From: Qing dynasty, Hua Guangsheng (華廣生), 《白雪遺音》
Jìnghuāshuǐyuè xián xiāoqiǎn, hébì míngxián shèngdì féng. [Pinyin]
(please add an English translation of this example)

PronunciationEdit


IdiomEdit

鏡花水月

  1. (literally) flowers reflected on a mirror and the moon reflected in the water
  2. (figuratively) fantasy, illusion, mere shadow, phantom, vision, something that is visible but having no substance
  3. (figuratively) the subtle and profound beauty of poems that should not be comprehended by words literally

SynonymsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
きょう
Grade: 4

Grade: 1
すい
Grade: 1
げつ
Grade: 1
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Chinese 鏡花水月 above. See Etymology in Chinese section.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

鏡花水月 (hiragana きょうかすいげつ, rōmaji kyōka suigetsu, historical hiragana きやうくわすいげつ)

  1. flowers reflected on a mirror and the moon reflected on the water's surface
  2. (by extension, idiomatic) something that is visible but having no substance; illusion, mere shadow, phantom, vision
  3. the subtle and profound beauty of poems that cannot be described in words

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

AnagramsEdit