See also: Sel, SEL, sèl, sêl, šel, -sel, and sel-

Translingual

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Symbol

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sel

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Selkup.

Afrikaans

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Etymology

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From Dutch cel, from Middle Dutch celle, from Latin cella.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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sel (plural selle)

  1. cell (element of a table)
  2. cell (basic unit of a living organism)
  3. cell (small room, especially in a jail or prison)

Derived terms

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Cahuilla

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Alternative forms

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Noun

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sél

  1. flower

Czech

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Pronunciation

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Participle

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sel

  1. masculine singular past active participle of sít
    Synonym: sil

Noun

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sel

  1. genitive plural of selo

Anagrams

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Estonian

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Pronoun

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sel

  1. adessive singular of see
    Synonym: sellel

Extremaduran

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Verb

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sel

  1. to be

Fala

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈsel/
  • Rhymes: -el
  • Syllabification: sel

Etymology 1

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Inherited from Old Galician-Portuguese ser. Compare Portuguese ser and Galician ser.

Verb

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sel

  1. to be
Conjugation
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Etymology 2

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From Old Galician-Portuguese sair, from Latin salīre (to leap), from Proto-Indo-European *sl̥-ye-. Compare Galician saír and Spanish salir.

Verb

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sel

  1. to leave
Conjugation
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References

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  • Valeš, Miroslav (2021) Diccionariu de A Fala: lagarteiru, mañegu, valverdeñu (web)[1], 2nd edition, Minde, Portugal: CIDLeS, published 2022, →ISBN

French

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Etymology

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Inherited from Middle French sel, from Old French sel, from Latin salem, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂l-.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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sel m (plural sels)

  1. table salt, i.e. sodium chloride (NaCl)
  2. (chemistry) salt
  3. (in the plural) smelling salts

Derived terms

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Further reading

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Anagrams

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Indonesian

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Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology

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From Dutch cel (cell), from Middle Dutch celle, from Latin cella.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈsɛl]
  • Hyphenation: sèl

Noun

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sèl (first-person possessive selku, second-person possessive selmu, third-person possessive selnya)

  1. cell
    1. a small room or compartment
      1. prison cell
      2. cloister cell
    2. (biology) basic unit of a living organism
    3. the basic unit of a battery

Derived terms

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Further reading

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Michoacán Nahuatl

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Noun

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sel

  1. ice

Middle English

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Verb

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sel

  1. Alternative form of sellen

Middle French

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Etymology

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Inherited from Old French sel.

Noun

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sel m (plural sels)

  1. salt

Descendants

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  • French: sel

Norwegian Bokmål

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Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology

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From Old Norse selr.

Noun

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sel m (definite singular selen, indefinite plural seler, definite plural selene)

  1. a seal (marine mammal)

See also

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References

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Norwegian Nynorsk

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Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn
 
ein sel
Photo: Donna Nook (2010)

Etymology 1

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From Old Norse selr.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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sel m (definite singular selen, indefinite plural selar, definite plural selane)

  1. (zoology) a seal, pinniped
Derived terms
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See also
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Etymology 2

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From Old Norse sel n, from Proto-Germanic *salją.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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sel n (definite singular selet, indefinite plural sel, definite plural sela)

  1. a seter cottage, with sleeping room(s), a kitchen and a dairy storage room
Derived terms
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Etymology 3

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From Middle Low German sel (soul), as does also ultimately sjel. From Old Saxon sēola, from Proto-West Germanic *saiwalu, from Proto-Germanic *saiwalō.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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sel f

  1. a soul; Used only in the expression mi sel (truly!).

Etymology 4

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From the verb selja (to sell).

Noun

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sel n (definite singular selet, indefinite plural sel, definite plural sela)

  1. (rare) a sale
    Synonym: sal n

Verb

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sel

  1. present tense of selja and selje
  2. imperative of selje and selje

Etymology 5

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation

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Verb

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sel

  1. imperative of sela and sele

References

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Anagrams

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Old English

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-West Germanic *sal, from Proto-Germanic *salą, from Indo-European. Cognate with Old High German sal, German Saal (hall, large room), Old Saxon sal, Dutch zaal. Compare sele, from a Germanic variant stem.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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sel n

  1. Alternative form of sæl (room, great hall, castle)
    Heorot, sincfāge selHeorot, (Thou) richly adorned hall!
Declension
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Descendants
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Etymology 2

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From Proto-Germanic *sāliz. See sǣliġ (blessed, fortunate).

Pronunciation

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Adjective

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sēl (comparative sēlla, superlative sēlest)

  1. good, noble
    Sōna ic wæs wyrpende and mē sēl wæs.Soon I was recovering and I was better.
Declension
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References

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Old French

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Etymology

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Inherited from Latin salem. Cognate with Old Spanish sal f and Old Galician-Portuguese sal m.

Noun

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sel oblique singularm (oblique plural seaus or seax or siaus or siax or sels, nominative singular seaus or seax or siaus or siax or sels, nominative plural sel)

  1. salt

Descendants

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Old Norse

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Germanic *salją, diminutive of either *salą or *saliz.

Noun

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sel n

  1. shed on a mountain pasture
Declension
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Descendants
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References

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  • sel”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Etymology 2

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See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Noun

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sel

  1. indefinite accusative singular of selr (seal)

Verb

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sel

  1. inflection of selja (to sell):
    1. first-person singular active present indicative
    2. second-person singular active imperative

Romanian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish سل (sel), a vulgar variant of سیل (seyl), from Arabic سَيْل (sayl).

Noun

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sel n (plural seluri)

  1. torrent
  2. ditch

Declension

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Romansch

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Latin sāl, sālem, from Proto-Indo-European *séh₂ls.

Noun

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sel m

  1. (Puter) salt

Scots

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Etymology

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From Middle English self, silf, sulf, from Old English self, seolf, sylf, from Proto-Germanic *selbaz.

Noun

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sel

  1. self

Slovene

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Etymology

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From Proto-Slavic *sъlъ, from the same root as sláti.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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sə̏l or sə̏ł m anim

  1. messenger

Inflection

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The diacritics used in this section of the entry are non-tonal. If you are a native tonal speaker, please help by adding the tonal marks.
Masculine anim., hard o-stem
nom. sing. sel
gen. sing. sla
singular dual plural
nominative
(imenovȃlnik)
sel sla sli
genitive
(rodȋlnik)
sla slov slov
dative
(dajȃlnik)
slu sloma slom
accusative
(tožȋlnik)
sla sla sle
locative
(mẹ̑stnik)
slu slih slih
instrumental
(orọ̑dnik)
slom sloma sli

Tok Pisin

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Etymology 1

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From English sail.

Noun

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sel

  1. sail
  2. canvas; tarpaulin
Derived terms
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Descendants
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Verb

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sel

  1. to sail

Etymology 2

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From English shell.

Noun

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sel

  1. shell
  2. shellfish

Etymology 3

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From English cell.

Noun

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sel

  1. cell (biology)

Turkish

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Etymology

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From Ottoman Turkish سل (sel), a vulgar variant of سیل (seyl), from Arabic سَيْل (sayl).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈsæl/
  • Hyphenation: sel

Noun

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sel (definite accusative seli, plural seller)

  1. flood

Derived terms

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References

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  • Meninski, Franciszek à Mesgnien (1680) “sel”, in Thesaurus linguarum orientalium, Turcicae, Arabicae, Persicae, praecipuas earum opes à Turcis peculiariter usurpatas continens, nimirum Lexicon Turkico-Arabico-Persicum[3], Vienna, column 2647
  • Meninski, Franciszek à Mesgnien (1680) “sel”, in Thesaurus linguarum orientalium, Turcicae, Arabicae, Persicae, praecipuas earum opes à Turcis peculiariter usurpatas continens, nimirum Lexicon Turkico-Arabico-Persicum[4], Vienna, column 2735

Uzbek

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Etymology

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From Arabic سَيْل (sayl).

Noun

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sel (plural sellar)

  1. downpour
  2. flash flood