U+83CA, 菊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-83CA

[U+83C9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+83CB]
菊 U+2F9A1, 菊
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2F9A1
荓
[U+2F9A0]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 菌
[U+2F9A2]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 140, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿心火木 (TPFD), four-corner 44927, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1037, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 31153
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1495, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3238, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+83CA

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. #
 
Wikipedia has an article on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kuɡ): semantic + phonetic (OC *kluɡ).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • kiok - literary;
  • kak/kek - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕy³⁵/
    Harbin /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡ɕy²¹/
    Jinan /t͡ɕy²¹³/
    Qingdao /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /t͡ɕy²⁴/
    Xi'an /t͡ɕy²¹/
    Xining /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /t͡ɕy¹³/
    Lanzhou /t͡ɕy¹³/
    Ürümqi /t͡ɕy²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡ɕy²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡ɕy³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡ɕiu²¹/
    Kunming /t͡ɕi³¹/
    Nanjing /t͡ɕyʔ⁵/
    Hefei /t͡ɕyəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕyəʔ²/
    Pingyao /t͡ɕʰyʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡ɕyəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕioʔ⁵/
    /t͡ɕyɪʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡ɕioʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡sz̩ʷəʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕɤu²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡ɕiuʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕiu⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕy²⁴/
    Xiangtan /t͡ɕiəɯ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕiuʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /kʰiuk̚¹/
    Taoyuan /kʰiuk̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /kok̚⁵/
    Nanning /kuk̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /kuk̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kiɔk̚³²/
    /kik̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /køyʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ky²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /kik̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /kiak̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (4)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kɨuk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kiuk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kiuk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kuwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kiuk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kĭuk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ki̯uk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ju
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7005
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kuɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (literary, or in compounds) chrysanthemum
    2. (slang, euphemistic) anus; asshole
    3. A surname​: Ju

    SynonymsEdit

    • (chrysanthemum):

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (きく) (kiku)
    • Korean: (, guk)
    • Vietnamese: cúc ()

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    きく
    Grade: S
    on’yomi
     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
     
    (kiku): the silver chrysanthemum, Chrysanthemum japonense, one of many chrysanthemum species

    From Middle Chinese (MC kɨuk̚).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (きく) (kiku

    1. (botany) a chrysanthemum
      Synonyms: 河原薺蒿 (kawara ohagi), 河原艾 (kawara yomogi)
    2. a kind of 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with a chrysanthemum flower design
    3. Short for 菊襲 (kikugasane): a type of 襲の色目 (kasane no irome, garment-layering color combination) with white on the front and purple/sappanwood red on the back
    4. a loop in the shape of a chrysanthemum flower
    5. Short for 菊腸 (kikuwata): the intestines of a cod, resembling that of a chrysanthemum flower
    6. (card games) a suit in 花札 (hanafuda), representing the month of September
    7. in a 京阪 (Keihan) vegetable market, a sign representing the number 9
    8. (euphemistic) the anus

    Usage notesEdit

    As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as キク.

    Derived termsEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (きく) (Kiku

    1. a female given name

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC kɨuk̚). Recorded as Middle Korean 국〮 (Yale: kwuk) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 국화 (gukhwa guk))

    1. Hanja form? of (chrysanthemum).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (cúc)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.