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See also: sukā, sūkā, su̇ka, suk'a, and сука

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CebuanoEdit

Pronunciation 1Edit

  • (General Cebuano) IPA(key): /ˈs̪uka/
  • Rhymes: -a
  • Hyphenation: su‧ka

Etymology 2Edit

Unknown.

NounEdit

suka

  1. vomit

VerbEdit

suka

  1. to vomit, to puke

Derived termsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit

  • (General Cebuano) IPA(key): /ˈs̪ukaʔ/
  • Rhymes: -a
  • Hyphenation: su‧ka

Etymology 2Edit

First attested in Antonio Pigafetta's Relazione del primo viaggio intorno al mondo—detailing the first circumnavigation of the world between 1519 and 1522.

NounEdit

suka

  1. vinegar; a sour liquid formed by the fermentation of alcohol used as a condiment or preservative; a dilute solution of acetic acid

FijianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English sugar.

NounEdit

suka

  1. sugar

FinnishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Baltic. See Latvian suka for more.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

suka

  1. A brush, especially one used for brushing animals.
  2. currycomb

DeclensionEdit

Inflection of suka (Kotus type 9/kala, k- gradation)
nominative suka suat
genitive suan sukojen
partitive sukaa sukoja
illative sukaan sukoihin
singular plural
nominative suka suat
accusative nom. suka suat
gen. suan
genitive suan sukojen
sukainrare
partitive sukaa sukoja
inessive suassa suoissa
elative suasta suoista
illative sukaan sukoihin
adessive sualla suoilla
ablative sualta suoilta
allative sualle suoille
essive sukana sukoina
translative suaksi suoiksi
instructive suoin
abessive suatta suoitta
comitative sukoineen

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit


IndonesianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit सुख (sukha, joy)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

suka (plural suka-suka, first-person possessive sukaku, second-person possessive sukamu, third-person possessive sukanya)

  1. pleasure

VerbEdit

suka

  1. like
    Dia suka musik pop.
    She loves pop music.
  2. love
  3. (colloquial) frequentative aspect auxiliary verb
    Aku suka pergi ke sana seminggu sekali.
    I used to go there once a week.

SynonymsEdit


JapaneseEdit

RomanizationEdit

suka

  1. Rōmaji transcription of すか
  2. Rōmaji transcription of スカ

LatvianEdit

 
Matu suka
 
Zobu suka

Etymology 1Edit

There are competing theories on the origin of this word. The first (and more probable) one assumes that it comes from Proto-Indo-European *su- (pig) > derived form *suk- “pig” (masc., fem.), “coarse hair, bristle” (neut.). Originally suka was the neuter plural form, but it became feminine singular after the general loss of the neuter gender, with semantic change “bristles” > “brush” (compare German Bürste (brush), Borste (bristle)). Borrowings by Balto-Fennic languages from Baltic languages support this evolution (e.g., Finnish suka (pig bristle (archaic), currycomb)). The second theory considers suka cognate to Lithuanian šùkos (brush), Russian щётка (ščotka, brush), Sanskrit शूकः (śūkaḥ, needle), all from Proto-Indo-European *ḱū- (pointed). A third theory attributes these words to Proto-Indo-European *kes-, *ks- (to cut, to carve).[1]

NounEdit

suka f (4th declension)

  1. brush (instrument made with flexible bristles attached to a handle, used especially for grooming hair)
    drēbju, apavu sukaclothes, shoe brush
    matu sukahairbrush
    zobu sukatoothbrush
    zirgu sukahorse brush, currycomb
    saru, tērauda sukabristle, steel brush
    tīrīt drēbes ar sukuto clean (one's) clothes with a brush
DeclensionEdit
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
See alsoEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Russian сука (suka).

NounEdit

suka f (4th declension)

  1. (vulgar) bitch

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “suka”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

MalayEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Sanskrit सुख (sukha, joy).

VerbEdit

suka

  1. to like

DescendantsEdit


PaliEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare Sanskrit शुक (śuka).

NounEdit

suka ?

  1. parrot

SynonymsEdit


PhuthiEdit

VerbEdit

-suka

  1. to go away, to leave

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


PolishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *sǫka (compare Russian сука (súka)), ultimately from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ. Sense #3 from an association with pies (dog, slang: cop).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈsu.ka/
  • (file)

NounEdit

suka f (diminutive suczka)

  1. bitch (female dog)
  2. (offensive) bitch
    May be used as an offensive term without a suggestion of promiscuity, but rather as a pushy, domineering person.
  3. (slang) police van

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • suka”, in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN, (Please provide a date or year)
  • suka in Polish dictionaries at PWN

QuechuaEdit

NounEdit

suka

  1. furrow
  2. whistle, whistling noise

Usage notesEdit

Not to be confused with suk'a, sukha.

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit


SlovakEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *sǫka, ultimately from a derivative of Proto-Indo-European *ḱwṓ.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

suka f (genitive singular suky, nominative plural suky, genitive plural súk, declension pattern of žena)

  1. bitch

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • suka in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

SwahiliEdit

VerbEdit

suka

  1. to shake

SwaziEdit

VerbEdit

-suka

  1. to move away

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


TagalogEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare Indonesian cuka

NounEdit

súkà

  1. vinegar

VerbEdit

suká

  1. to vomit

AnagramsEdit


XhosaEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

VerbEdit

-suka?

  1. (intransitive) to be lost

InflectionEdit

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


ZuluEdit

EtymologyEdit

Possibly from Proto-Bantu *-tíga (to leave behind) with the separative suffix *-ʊka, however the tonal change is unexplained. (Note that although this verb is a low toned verb, it is sometimes treated as high toned in the imperative form.) This would make the term related to -sala and -shiya.

VerbEdit

-suka

  1. (intransitive) to go away, to remove oneself
  2. (intransitive) to leave, to depart, to set off
  3. (intransitive) to originate

InflectionEdit

Tone L
Infinitive ukusuka
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukusuka ukungasuki
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular suka -suke
Plural sukani -sukeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyasuka, ngisuka engisukayo, engisuka ngisuka angisuki engingasuki ngingasuki
2nd singular uyasuka, usuka osukayo, osuka usuka awusuki ongasuki ungasuki
1st plural siyasuka, sisuka esisukayo, esisuka sisuka asisuki esingasuki singasuki
2nd plural niyasuka, nisuka enisukayo, enisuka nisuka anisuki eningasuki ningasuki
Class 1 uyasuka, usuka osukayo, osuka esuka akasuki ongasuki engasuki
Class 2 bayasuka, basuka abasukayo, abasuka besuka abasuki abangasuki bengasuki
Class 3 uyasuka, usuka osukayo, osuka usuka awusuki ongasuki ungasuki
Class 4 iyasuka, isuka esukayo, esuka isuka ayisuki engasuki ingasuki
Class 5 liyasuka, lisuka elisukayo, elisuka lisuka alisuki elingasuki lingasuki
Class 6 ayasuka, asuka asukayo, asuka esuka awasuki angasuki engasuki
Class 7 siyasuka, sisuka esisukayo, esisuka sisuka asisuki esingasuki singasuki
Class 8 ziyasuka, zisuka ezisukayo, ezisuka zisuka azisuki ezingasuki zingasuki
Class 9 iyasuka, isuka esukayo, esuka isuka ayisuki engasuki ingasuki
Class 10 ziyasuka, zisuka ezisukayo, ezisuka zisuka azisuki ezingasuki zingasuki
Class 11 luyasuka, lusuka olusukayo, olusuka lusuka alusuki olungasuki lungasuki
Class 14 buyasuka, busuka obusukayo, obusuka busuka abusuki obungasuki bungasuki
Class 15 kuyasuka, kusuka okusukayo, okusuka kusuka akusuki okungasuki kungasuki
Class 17 kuyasuka, kusuka okusukayo, okusuka kusuka akusuki okungasuki kungasuki
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngisukile, ngisukē engisukile, engisukē ngisukile, ngisukē angisukanga engingasukanga ngingasukanga
2nd singular usukile, usukē osukile, osukē usukile, usukē awusukanga ongasukanga ungasukanga
1st plural sisukile, sisukē esisukile, esisukē sisukile, sisukē asisukanga esingasukanga singasukanga
2nd plural nisukile, nisukē enisukile, enisukē nisukile, nisukē anisukanga eningasukanga ningasukanga
Class 1 usukile, usukē osukile, osukē esukile, esukē akasukanga ongasukanga engasukanga
Class 2 basukile, basukē abasukile, abasukē besukile, besukē abasukanga abangasukanga bengasukanga
Class 3 usukile, usukē osukile, osukē usukile, usukē awusukanga ongasukanga ungasukanga
Class 4 isukile, isukē esukile, esukē isukile, isukē ayisukanga engasukanga ingasukanga
Class 5 lisukile, lisukē elisukile, elisukē lisukile, lisukē alisukanga elingasukanga lingasukanga
Class 6 asukile, asukē asukile, asukē esukile, esukē awasukanga angasukanga engasukanga
Class 7 sisukile, sisukē esisukile, esisukē sisukile, sisukē asisukanga esingasukanga singasukanga
Class 8 zisukile, zisukē ezisukile, ezisukē zisukile, zisukē azisukanga ezingasukanga zingasukanga
Class 9 isukile, isukē esukile, esukē isukile, isukē ayisukanga engasukanga ingasukanga
Class 10 zisukile, zisukē ezisukile, ezisukē zisukile, zisukē azisukanga ezingasukanga zingasukanga
Class 11 lusukile, lusukē olusukile, olusukē lusukile, lusukē alusukanga olungasukanga lungasukanga
Class 14 busukile, busukē obusukile, obusukē busukile, busukē abusukanga obungasukanga bungasukanga
Class 15 kusukile, kusukē okusukile, okusukē kusukile, kusukē akusukanga okungasukanga kungasukanga
Class 17 kusukile, kusukē okusukile, okusukē kusukile, kusukē akusukanga okungasukanga kungasukanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāsuka engāsuka ngāsuka angisukanga engingasukanga ngingasukanga
2nd singular wāsuka owāsuka wāsuka awusukanga ongasukanga ungasukanga
1st plural sāsuka esāsuka sāsuka asisukanga esingasukanga singasukanga
2nd plural nāsuka enāsuka nāsuka anisukanga eningasukanga ningasukanga
Class 1 wāsuka owāsuka āsuka akasukanga ongasukanga engasukanga
Class 2 bāsuka abāsuka bāsuka abasukanga abangasukanga bengasukanga
Class 3 wāsuka owāsuka wāsuka awusukanga ongasukanga ungasukanga
Class 4 yāsuka eyāsuka yāsuka ayisukanga engasukanga ingasukanga
Class 5 lāsuka elāsuka lāsuka alisukanga elingasukanga lingasukanga
Class 6 āsuka āsuka āsuka awasukanga angasukanga engasukanga
Class 7 sāsuka esāsuka sāsuka asisukanga esingasukanga singasukanga
Class 8 zāsuka ezāsuka zāsuka azisukanga ezingasukanga zingasukanga
Class 9 yāsuka eyāsuka yāsuka ayisukanga engasukanga ingasukanga
Class 10 zāsuka ezāsuka zāsuka azisukanga ezingasukanga zingasukanga
Class 11 lwāsuka olwāsuka lwāsuka alusukanga olungasukanga lungasukanga
Class 14 bāsuka obāsuka bāsuka abusukanga obungasukanga bungasukanga
Class 15 kwāsuka okwāsuka kwāsuka akusukanga okungasukanga kungasukanga
Class 17 kwāsuka okwāsuka kwāsuka akusukanga okungasukanga kungasukanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingasuka ngingasuka ngingesuke ngingesuke
2nd singular ungasuka ungasuka ungesuke ungesuke
1st plural singasuka singasuka singesuke singesuke
2nd plural ningasuka ningasuka ningesuke ningesuke
Class 1 angasuka engasuka angesuke engesuke
Class 2 bangasuka bengasuka bangesuke bengesuke
Class 3 ungasuka ungasuka ungesuke ungesuke
Class 4 ingasuka ingasuka ingesuke ingesuke
Class 5 lingasuka lingasuka lingesuke lingesuke
Class 6 angasuka engasuka angesuke engesuke
Class 7 singasuka singasuka singesuke singesuke
Class 8 zingasuka zingasuka zingesuke zingesuke
Class 9 ingasuka ingasuka ingesuke ingesuke
Class 10 zingasuka zingasuka zingesuke zingesuke
Class 11 lungasuka lungasuka lungesuke lungesuke
Class 14 bungasuka bungasuka bungesuke bungesuke
Class 15 kungasuka kungasuka kungesuke kungesuke
Class 17 kungasuka kungasuka kungesuke kungesuke
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizosuka engizosuka ngizosuka angizusuka engingezusuka ngingezusuka
2nd singular uzosuka ozosuka uzosuka awuzusuka ongezusuka ungezusuka
1st plural sizosuka esizosuka sizosuka asizusuka esingezusuka singezusuka
2nd plural nizosuka enizosuka nizosuka anizusuka eningezusuka ningezusuka
Class 1 uzosuka ozosuka ezosuka akazusuka ongezusuka engezusuka
Class 2 bazosuka abazosuka bezosuka abazusuka abangezusuka bengezusuka
Class 3 uzosuka ozosuka uzosuka awuzusuka ongezusuka ungezusuka
Class 4 izosuka ezosuka izosuka ayizusuka engezusuka ingezusuka
Class 5 lizosuka elizosuka lizosuka alizusuka elingezusuka lingezusuka
Class 6 azosuka azosuka ezosuka awazusuka angezusuka engezusuka
Class 7 sizosuka esizosuka sizosuka asizusuka esingezusuka singezusuka
Class 8 zizosuka ezizosuka zizosuka azizusuka ezingezusuka zingezusuka
Class 9 izosuka ezosuka izosuka ayizusuka engezusuka ingezusuka
Class 10 zizosuka ezizosuka zizosuka azizusuka ezingezusuka zingezusuka
Class 11 luzosuka oluzosuka luzosuka aluzusuka olungezusuka lungezusuka
Class 14 buzosuka obuzosuka buzosuka abuzusuka obungezusuka bungezusuka
Class 15 kuzosuka okuzosuka kuzosuka akuzusuka okungezusuka kungezusuka
Class 17 kuzosuka okuzosuka kuzosuka akuzusuka okungezusuka kungezusuka
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyosuka engiyosuka ngiyosuka angiyusuka engingeyusuka ngingeyusuka
2nd singular uyosuka oyosuka uyosuka awuyusuka ongeyusuka ungeyusuka
1st plural siyosuka esiyosuka siyosuka asiyusuka esingeyusuka singeyusuka
2nd plural niyosuka eniyosuka niyosuka aniyusuka eningeyusuka ningeyusuka
Class 1 uyosuka oyosuka eyosuka akayusuka ongeyusuka engeyusuka
Class 2 bayosuka abayosuka beyosuka abayusuka abangeyusuka bengeyusuka
Class 3 uyosuka oyosuka uyosuka awuyusuka ongeyusuka ungeyusuka
Class 4 iyosuka eyosuka iyosuka ayiyusuka engeyusuka ingeyusuka
Class 5 liyosuka eliyosuka liyosuka aliyusuka elingeyusuka lingeyusuka
Class 6 ayosuka ayosuka eyosuka awayusuka angeyusuka engeyusuka
Class 7 siyosuka esiyosuka siyosuka asiyusuka esingeyusuka singeyusuka
Class 8 ziyosuka eziyosuka ziyosuka aziyusuka ezingeyusuka zingeyusuka
Class 9 iyosuka eyosuka iyosuka ayiyusuka engeyusuka ingeyusuka
Class 10 ziyosuka eziyosuka ziyosuka aziyusuka ezingeyusuka zingeyusuka
Class 11 luyosuka oluyosuka luyosuka aluyusuka olungeyusuka lungeyusuka
Class 14 buyosuka obuyosuka buyosuka abuyusuka obungeyusuka bungeyusuka
Class 15 kuyosuka okuyosuka kuyosuka akuyusuka okungeyusuka kungeyusuka
Class 17 kuyosuka okuyosuka kuyosuka akuyusuka okungeyusuka kungeyusuka
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngisuke ngingasuki
2nd singular usuke ungasuki
1st plural sisuke singasuki
2nd plural nisuke ningasuki
Class 1 asuke angasuki
Class 2 basuke bangasuki
Class 3 usuke ungasuki
Class 4 isuke ingasuki
Class 5 lisuke lingasuki
Class 6 asuke angasuki
Class 7 sisuke singasuki
Class 8 zisuke zingasuki
Class 9 isuke ingasuki
Class 10 zisuke zingasuki
Class 11 lusuke lungasuki
Class 14 busuke bungasuki
Class 15 kusuke kungasuki
Class 17 kusuke kungasuki
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngasuka ngangasuka, angasuka, angangasuka
2nd singular wasuka wangasuka, awasuka, awangasuka
1st plural sasuka sangasuka, asasuka, asangasuka
2nd plural nasuka nangasuka, anasuka, anangasuka
Class 1 wasuka wangasuka, akasuka, akangasuka
Class 2 basuka bangasuka, abasuka, abangasuka
Class 3 wasuka wangasuka, awasuka, awangasuka
Class 4 yasuka yangasuka, ayasuka, ayangasuka
Class 5 lasuka langasuka, alasuka, alangasuka
Class 6 asuka angasuka, awasuka, awangasuka
Class 7 sasuka sangasuka, asasuka, asangasuka
Class 8 zasuka zangasuka, azasuka, azangasuka
Class 9 yasuka yangasuka, ayasuka, ayangasuka
Class 10 zasuka zangasuka, azasuka, azangasuka
Class 11 lwasuka lwangasuka, alwasuka, alwangasuka
Class 14 basuka bangasuka, abasuka, abangasuka
Class 15 kwasuka kwangasuka, akwasuka, akwangasuka
Class 17 kwasuka kwangasuka, akwasuka, akwangasuka

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit