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U+7F8A, 羊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7F8A

[U+7F89]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7F8B]
U+2F7A, ⽺
KANGXI RADICAL SHEEP

[U+2F79]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F7B]
U+2EB6, ⺶
CJK RADICAL SHEEP

[U+2EB5]
CJK Radicals Supplement
[U+2EB7]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 
Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 123, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 廿手 (TQ), four-corner 80501, composition 𰀁)

  1. Kangxi radical #123, .

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 950, character 38
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28425
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1393, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 3125, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7F8A

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       

Pictogram (象形) – picture of a ram's head.

Etymology 1 edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *g-jaŋ (sheep; yak). Cognate with Tibetan གཡག (g.yag, yak), Lepcha ᰚᰩᰭ (yók, yak), Tangut 𗇼 (*gjwã², goat), Northern Tujia zo³⁵ (goat; sheep).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • iûⁿ/iôⁿ/iâuⁿ - vernacular;
  • iông - literary.
Note:
  • iên5 - vernacular (Chaozhou, Chenghai, Bangkok, Chiang Mai);
  • ion5 - vernacular (Shantou, Chaoyang, Jieyang, Raoping, Pontianak, Hat Yai);
  • iang5 - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /iɑŋ³⁵/
Harbin /iaŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /iɑŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /iaŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /iaŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /iaŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /iaŋ²⁴/
Xining /iɔ̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /iɑŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /iɑ̃⁵³/
Ürümqi /iɑŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /iaŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /iaŋ³¹/
Guiyang /iaŋ²¹/
Kunming /iã̠¹/
Nanjing /iaŋ²⁴/
Hefei /iɑ̃⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /iɒ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /iɑŋ¹³/
/yə¹³/ ~子
Hohhot /iɑ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦiã²³/
Suzhou /ɦiã¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦiɑŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /ji³¹/
Hui Shexian /ia⁴⁴/
Tunxi /iau⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ian¹³/
Xiangtan /ian¹²/
Gan Nanchang /iɔŋ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /ioŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒoŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jœŋ²¹/
Nanning /jœŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /jœŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /iɔŋ³⁵/
/iũ³⁵/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /yoŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /iɔŋ³³/
Shantou (Teochew) /iõ⁵⁵/
Haikou (Hainanese) /iaŋ³¹/
/io³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (36)
Final () (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter yang
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨɐŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiɐŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/iɑŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/jɨaŋ/
Li
Rong
/iaŋ/
Wang
Li
/jĭaŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯aŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yáng
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
joeng4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yáng
Middle
Chinese
‹ yang ›
Old
Chinese
/*ɢaŋ/
English sheep

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14535
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*laŋ/

Definitions edit

  1. caprid (e.g. sheep, goat, antelope, etc.) (Classifier: m c)
  2. (slang, neologism, humorous) Alternative form of (yáng, positive result (in a medical test))
  3. Alternative form of (xiáng, auspicious)
  4. Alternative form of (yáng)
  5. a surname: Yang
Synonyms edit
  • (sheep, goat):

Compounds edit

Descendants edit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (よう) ()
  • Korean: 양(羊) (yang)
  • Vietnamese: dương ()

Others:

See also edit

References edit

Etymology 2 edit

Orthographic borrowing from translingual ¥. Perhaps influenced by 大洋 (dàyáng).

Pronunciation edit


Definitions edit

  1. (slang) Japanese yen
  2. (slang) Chinese yuan

Japanese edit

Kanji in this term
ひつじ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Kanji edit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. sheep

Readings edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
ひつじ
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

⟨pi1tuzi⟩ → */pʲituzi//ɸituzi//çitsudʑi/

From Old Japanese.[1] Further derivation unknown.

Pronunciation edit

 ヒツジ on Japanese Wikipedia

Noun edit

(ひつじ) or (ヒツジ) (hitsuji

  1. a sheep (animal)
    • 1999 March 6, “スリーピィ [Sleepie]”, in Starter Box(スターターボックス), Konami:
      しっぽの(なが)ひつじ。しっぽを使(つか)(さい)(みん)(じゅつ)をかけ、(すい)()(さそ)う。
      Shippo no nagai hitsuji. Shippo o tsukai saiminjutsu o kake, suima o sasou.
      A sheep that will mesmerize you to sleep with its long tail.
Usage notes edit

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts (where katakana is customary), as ヒツジ.

Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
よう
Grade: 3
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC yang).

Pronunciation edit

Affix edit

(よう) (

  1. a sheep (animal)

References edit

  1. ^ Omodaka, Hisataka (1967) 時代別国語大辞典 上代編 (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN, page 614
  2. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN
  3. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ Kindaichi, Kyōsuke et al., editors (1997), 新明解国語辞典 (in Japanese), Fifth edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Chinese (MC yang). Recorded as Middle Korean 야ᇰ (yang) (Yale: yang) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja edit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun (yang yang))

  1. Hanja form? of (sheep).

Compounds edit

References edit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: dương

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.