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See also: 主义

Contents

ChineseEdit

 
to own; to host; master; lord; primary
justice; righteousness; meaning
trad. (主義)
simp. (主义)

EtymologyEdit

Attestable in ancient Chinese texts. In the sense of "doctrine; ideology; -ism", wasei kango (和製漢語), borrowed from Japanese  (しゅ) () (shugi).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (23) (31)
Final () (24) (13)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡ɕɨoX/ /ŋˠiᴇH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡ɕioX/ /ŋᵚiɛH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕioX/ /ŋiɛH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/cuə̆X/ /ŋjiə̆H/
Li
Rong
/t͡ɕioX/ /ŋjeH/
Wang
Li
/t͡ɕĭuX/ /ŋǐeH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡ɕi̯uX/ /ŋie̯H/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhǔ
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhǔ
Middle
Chinese
‹ tsyuX › ‹ ngjeH ›
Old
Chinese
/*toʔ/ /*ŋ(r)aj-s/
English master; host duty; justice

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 17618 13045
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tjoʔ/ /*ŋrals/

NounEdit

主義

  1. doctrine; ideology; -ism
  2. (literary) position; stance

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (主義):

VerbEdit

主義

  1. (literary) to uphold righteousness

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
しゅ
Grade: 3

Grade: 5
on’yomi
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese 主義 (tsyuX ngjeH, principle, set belief). The word was already in use in Chinese with this meaning in the 史記 (Shǐjì, Records of the Grand Historian), completed around 100 BCE.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

主義 (hiragana しゅぎ, rōmaji shugi)

  1. a principle or set of principles; a doctrine; an ism
    あの (ひと) (しゅ) () (もと)づいて (けい) (やく) (きょ) (ぜつ)するはずです。
    Ano hito wa shugi ni motozuite keiyaku o kyozetsu suru hazu desu.
    I expect they will reject the contract on principle.

SuffixEdit

主義 (hiragana しゅぎ, rōmaji -shugi)

  1. -ism

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

主義 (juui) (hangeul 주의)

  1. Hanja form? of 주의, “-ism”.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

主義

  1. Hán tự form of chủ nghĩa, “-ism; doctrine