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U+57C3, 埃
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-57C3

[U+57C2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+57C4]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 32, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 土戈人大 (GIOK), four-corner 43134, composition)

See alsoEdit

  • Chinese Numeral

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 229, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5107
  • Dae Jaweon: page 465, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 447, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+57C3

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰlɯː, *qɯː, *qrɯː, *qrɯːʔ
*qlɯː
*qɯː, *qʰrɯːs
*qɯː, *qʰlɯ
*qlɯːʔ, *qrɯː, *qrɯːʔ
*ŋrɯːʔ, *sɢrɯʔ
*sɢrɯʔ, *ɡlɯl
*sɢrɯʔ
*sɢrɯʔ
*qʰlɯ
*ɢlɯʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qlɯː): semantic  (earth; soil) + phonetic  (OC *ɢlɯʔ).

PronunciationEdit


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.
Note:
  • ai - literary;
  • ia - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Note:
    • 2e - usual pronunciation;
    • 2i - in 埃及.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (41)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔʌi/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔəi/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔɒi/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔəj/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔᴀi/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɒi/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔɑ̆i/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    āi
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    āi
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔoj ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qˤə/
    English dust

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14933
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qlɯː/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. fine dust, dirt
      /   ―  chénāi  ―  dust
    2. angstrom
    3. one billionth, the number 10-10
    4. (a phonetic component)
        ―  Āi  ―  Egypt
      塞俄比亞 / 塞俄比亚  ―  Āisài'ébǐyà  ―  Abyssinia
      蘇維 / 苏维  ―  sūwéiāi  ―  soviet
    5. Short for 埃及 (Āijí, “Egypt”).

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana あい, rōmaji ai)

    1. one billionth

    (hiragana ほこり, rōmaji hokori)

    1. dust

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (ae) (hangeul , McCune–Reischauer ae)

    1. fine dust, dirt

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (ai)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.