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U+6279, 批
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6279

[U+6278]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+627A]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 64 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 手心心 (QPP), four-corner 51010, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 419, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11845
  • Dae Jaweon: page 766, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1835, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6279

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*piː, *biːʔ
*piː
*piː, *pʰi
*piː
*piː
*piː
*piː, *bis
*pʰiː
*pʰiː
*pʰiː, *bi
*pʰiː
*pʰiːs
*biː
*biː, *bi
*biːʔ
*pʰeʔ, *piʔ, *bi, *briʔ
*pʰeʔ, *piʔ, *biɡ
*be, *pʰi, *kʰjɯʔ
*piʔ, *pis, *bi, *bis, *biɡ
*piʔ, *pis
*piʔ
*piʔ, *bi
*piʔ, *bi, *bis
*pris
*pis
*pʰis
*bi
*bi
*bi
*bi
*bi
*bi, *bis
*bi
*bi
*bi
*bis, *biɡ
*bin

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *pʰiː): semantic  (hand) + phonetic  (OC *piʔ, *pis, *bi, *bis, *biɡ).

EtymologyEdit

“pie”
Borrowing from English pie.

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

PronunciationEdit


Note: erhua-ed - “fibres ready to be drawn and twisted”.
Note: originally pi1, but changed to pei1 because of homophony with .
Note:
  • Xiamen, Quanzhou:
    • phoe - vernacular;
    • phe - literary.
  • mainstream Taiwan:
    • phoe - vernacular;
    • phi - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (2)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/pʰei/
Pan
Wuyun
/pʰei/
Shao
Rongfen
/pʰɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/pʰɛj/
Li
Rong
/pʰei/
Wang
Li
/pʰiei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pʰiei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 499
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*pʰiː/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to slap
  2. to attack; to offend
  3. to eliminate; to discard
  4. to cut (into thin slices) with a knife; to peel with a knife
    蘋果 / 苹果 [Cantonese]  ―  pai1 ping4 gwo2 [Jyutping]  ―  to peel an apple
  5. (Cantonese) to plaster
  6. (Cantonese) to hit with diagonal or horizontal motion
  7. to make comments and criticisms (to an inferior from a superior, regarding a submitted report, essay, etc.)
  8. comment; annotation; criticism
  9. to judge
  10. to criticize
  11. to approve
  12. (Cantonese) to guess; to predict
  13. (Min) letter (written or printed communication) (Classifier: ; )
  14. to sell at wholesale
  15. Classifier for batches, lots, etc.
  16. (colloquial) fibres of cotton, flax, etc. ready to be drawn and twisted
  17. (Cantonese) pie
    / [Cantonese]  ―  gai1 pai1 [Jyutping]  ―  chicken pie
    蘋果 / 苹果 [Cantonese]  ―  ping4 gwo2 pai1 [Jyutping]  ―  apple pie

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of (“letter”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 書信信件信函書函
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Muping
Luoyang
Jiedian
Xi'an
Xining
Xuzhou
Yinchuan
Lanzhou
Ürümqi
Wuhan
Chengdu
Guiyang
Liuzhou
Yangzhou
Nanjing
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Shunde
Foshan
Zhongshan
Dongguan
Taishan
Doumen
Kaiping
Shaoguan
Yunfu
Yangjiang
Xinyi
Lianjiang
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian
Yudu
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 信仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 信仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 信仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping) 信仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Huizhou Jixi
Jin Taiyuan
Xinzhou
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Singapore
Chaozhou
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou
Pinghua Nanning
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Loudi

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(bi, byeol) (hangeul , )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

CharacterEdit

ReadingsEdit

ReferencesEdit