Translingual

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Symbol

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aba

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-3 language code for Abé.

English

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An aba (garment).

Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Arabic عَبَاءَة (ʕabāʔa). Compare abaya.

Alternative forms

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Pronunciation

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  This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Noun

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aba (countable and uncountable, plural abas)

  1. A coarse, often striped, felted fabric from the Middle East, woven from goat or camel hair.
  2. A loose-fitting sleeveless garment, made from aba or silk, worn by Arabs. [First attested in the early 19th century.][1]
    • 1934, Agatha Christie, chapter 5, in Murder on the Orient Express, London: HarperCollins, published 2017, page 110:
      'A pale mauve abba such as you buy in the East.'
    • 1957, Lawrence Durrell, Justine:
      Here Nessim would sit night after night in the winter, dressed in his old rust-coloured abba, staring gravely at Betelgeuse, or hovering over books of calculations for all the world like a medieval soothsayer.
  3. An outer garment made of the above, very simple in form, worn by the Arabs of the desert. The illustration shows such an aba, made of two breadths of stuff sewed together to make an oblong about four by nine feet.
  4. Such a garment that is specific to women.
    Holonym: hijab
    Coordinate terms: burka, chador, chadri, niqab
Synonyms
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Translations
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Etymology 2

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  • From the name of its creator, the French explorer A. T. d' Abbadie.

Pronunciation

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  This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Noun

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aba (plural abas)

  1. An altazimuth used for astronomy on either land or water.

Etymology 3

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Noun

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aba (plural abas)

  1. An electric fish of species Gymnarchus niloticus (frankfish, freshwater rat-tail, African knifefish), found in swamps, lakes and rivers in Africa.
Translations
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References

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  1. ^ Lesley Brown, editor-in-chief, William R. Trumble and Angus Stevenson, editors (2002), “aba”, in The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, 5th edition, Oxford, New York, N.Y.: Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 2.

Further reading

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Anagrams

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Akan

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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aba (plural aba)

  1. seed(s)[2][1]
  2. fruit[2][1]

Derived terms

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References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Kotey, Paul A. (1998). Twi-English/English-Twi Dictionary. New York: Hippocrene Books. →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 Christaller, Johann Gottlieb (1881) “aba”, in A Dictionary of the Asante and Fante Language Called Tshi (Chwee, Tw̌i)[1], Basel, page 2

Albanian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish عبا (abâ) (Turkish aba), from Arabic عَبَاءَة (ʕabāʔa).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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aba f (plural aba, definite abaja, definite plural abat)

  1. (old) thin felt (usually white or gray)

Further reading

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  • “aba”, in FGJSSH: Fjalor i gjuhës së sotme shqipe [Dictionary of the modern Albanian language]‎[4] (in Albanian), 1980

Apatani

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Etymology

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Probably cognate with Tibetan ཨ་ཕ (a pha), Garo apa.

Noun

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aba

  1. father

References

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  • P. T. Abraham, Apatani-English-Hindi Dictionary (1987)

Azerbaijani

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Other scripts
Cyrillic аба
Abjad

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ɑˈbɑ/
  • Audio (Baku):(file)
  • Hyphenation: a‧ba

Etymology 1

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Inherited from Proto-Turkic *apa (father).

Noun

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aba (definite accusative abanı, plural abalar)

  1. (Gadabay, Quba, Ordubad, Zangilan) father
    Synonym: ata

Etymology 2

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Inherited from Common Turkic *apa (mother, elder sister, aunt).

Noun

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aba (definite accusative abanı, plural abalar)

  1. (Jabrayil, Qakh, Shamkir, Tabriz) mother
    Synonym: ana
  2. (dialectal) elder sister
  3. (dialectal) elder sister-in-law
Declension
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    Declension of aba
singular plural
nominative aba
abalar
definite accusative abanı
abaları
dative abaya
abalara
locative abada
abalarda
ablative abadan
abalardan
definite genitive abanın
abaların
    Possessive forms of aba
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) abam abalarım
sənin (your) aban abaların
onun (his/her/its) abası abaları
bizim (our) abamız abalarımız
sizin (your) abanız abalarınız
onların (their) abası or abaları abaları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) abamı abalarımı
sənin (your) abanı abalarını
onun (his/her/its) abasını abalarını
bizim (our) abamızı abalarımızı
sizin (your) abanızı abalarınızı
onların (their) abasını or abalarını abalarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) abama abalarıma
sənin (your) abana abalarına
onun (his/her/its) abasına abalarına
bizim (our) abamıza abalarımıza
sizin (your) abanıza abalarınıza
onların (their) abasına or abalarına abalarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) abamda abalarımda
sənin (your) abanda abalarında
onun (his/her/its) abasında abalarında
bizim (our) abamızda abalarımızda
sizin (your) abanızda abalarınızda
onların (their) abasında or abalarında abalarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) abamdan abalarımdan
sənin (your) abandan abalarından
onun (his/her/its) abasından abalarından
bizim (our) abamızdan abalarımızdan
sizin (your) abanızdan abalarınızdan
onların (their) abasından or abalarından abalarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) abamın abalarımın
sənin (your) abanın abalarının
onun (his/her/its) abasının abalarının
bizim (our) abamızın abalarımızın
sizin (your) abanızın abalarınızın
onların (their) abasının or abalarının abalarının

Etymology 3

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Derived from Arabic عَبَاءَة (ʕabāʔa).

Noun

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aba (definite accusative abanı, plural abalar)

  1. aba
Declension
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    Declension of aba
singular plural
nominative aba
abalar
definite accusative abanı
abaları
dative abaya
abalara
locative abada
abalarda
ablative abadan
abalardan
definite genitive abanın
abaların
    Possessive forms of aba
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) abam abalarım
sənin (your) aban abaların
onun (his/her/its) abası abaları
bizim (our) abamız abalarımız
sizin (your) abanız abalarınız
onların (their) abası or abaları abaları
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) abamı abalarımı
sənin (your) abanı abalarını
onun (his/her/its) abasını abalarını
bizim (our) abamızı abalarımızı
sizin (your) abanızı abalarınızı
onların (their) abasını or abalarını abalarını
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) abama abalarıma
sənin (your) abana abalarına
onun (his/her/its) abasına abalarına
bizim (our) abamıza abalarımıza
sizin (your) abanıza abalarınıza
onların (their) abasına or abalarına abalarına
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) abamda abalarımda
sənin (your) abanda abalarında
onun (his/her/its) abasında abalarında
bizim (our) abamızda abalarımızda
sizin (your) abanızda abalarınızda
onların (their) abasında or abalarında abalarında
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) abamdan abalarımdan
sənin (your) abandan abalarından
onun (his/her/its) abasından abalarından
bizim (our) abamızdan abalarımızdan
sizin (your) abanızdan abalarınızdan
onların (their) abasından or abalarından abalarından
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) abamın abalarımın
sənin (your) abanın abalarının
onun (his/her/its) abasının abalarının
bizim (our) abamızın abalarımızın
sizin (your) abanızın abalarınızın
onların (their) abasının or abalarının abalarının

References

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  • Axundov A. A., Kazımov Q. Ş., Behbudov S. M., editors (2007), “aba I”, in Azərbaycan dilinin dialektoloji lüğəti [Dialectological Dictionary of the Azerbaijani Language] (in Azerbaijani), Baku: Şərq-Qərb, →ISBN, page 11a
  • Axundov A. A., Kazımov Q. Ş., Behbudov S. M., editors (2007), “aba II”, in Azərbaycan dilinin dialektoloji lüğəti [Dialectological Dictionary of the Azerbaijani Language] (in Azerbaijani), Baku: Şərq-Qərb, →ISBN, page 11a
  • Starostin, Sergei, Dybo, Anna, Mudrak, Oleg (2003) “*apa-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill
  • Starostin, Sergei, Dybo, Anna, Mudrak, Oleg (2003) “*appa-”, in Etymological dictionary of the Altaic languages (Handbuch der Orientalistik; VIII.8), Leiden, New York, Köln: E.J. Brill

Basque

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Etymology

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Coined by Basque nationalist, writer and politician Sabino Arana in the 19th century, from a misinterpretation of the kinship suffix -ba.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /aba/ [a.β̞a]
  • Rhymes: -aba
  • Hyphenation: a‧ba

Noun

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aba anim

  1. (rare) father
    Synonym: aita

Declension

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Derived terms

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  • aberri (fatherland) (see there for further derivations)

Further reading

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  • aba”, in Orotariko Euskal Hiztegia [General Basque Dictionary], Euskaltzaindia, 1987–2005

Chibcha

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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aba

  1. maize
  2. corncob
  3. maize crop

References

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  • Gómez Aldana D. F., Análisis morfológico del Vocabulario 158 de la Biblioteca Nacional de Colombia. Grupo de Investigación Muysccubun. 2013.

Corsican

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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aba f (plural abe)

  1. Alternative form of apa

References

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Dení

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Noun

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aba f

  1. fish

References

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  • “aba” in Gordon Koop, Lois Koop, Dicionário deni-português, Associação Internacional de Lingüística - SIL Brasil, 1985.

Dongxiang

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Pronunciation 1

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Noun

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aba

  1. father

Pronunciation 2

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Noun

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aba

  1. paternal uncle (father's younger brother)

Dupaningan Agta

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Noun

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aba

  1. taro

Noun

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aba

  1. mat[1]
  2. bed[1]

References

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  1. 1.0 1.1 Fiagã, Kwasi (1976). Grammaire eʋe: Eʋegbe ŋutinunya. Lomé: Institut national de la recherche scientifique, p. 101.

Galician

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Etymology

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Uncertain. Cognate with Portuguese aba, Spanish álabe, French aube, Romanian aripă.[1]

Pronunciation

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Noun

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aba f (plural abas)

  1. slope, hillside
    Synonyms: faldra,
  2. apron, smock; folds of a shirt or dress
    Synonym: faldra
  3. (anatomy) lap
    Synonym: colo
  4. brim of a hat
  5. rim

Derived terms

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References

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  1. ^ Joan Coromines, José A. Pascual (1983–1991) “álabe”, in Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico (in Spanish), Madrid: Gredos

Gothic

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Romanization

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aba

  1. Romanization of 𐌰𐌱𐌰

Haitian Creole

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Etymology

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From French à bas.

Pronunciation

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Interjection

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aba

  1. down with...!
    Aba lenjistis!
    Down with injustice!

References

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  • Albert Valdman, Iskra Iskrova, editors, compiled by Albert Valdman (2007), Haitian Creole-English Bilingual Dictionary[5], Bloomington: Indiana University Creole Institute, →ISBN, page 1

Hiligaynon

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *abá.

Interjection

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abá

  1. alas, gosh, well, whew
  2. wow

Interjection

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abâ

  1. (questioning) really
  2. (questioning) ah, oh

Etymology 2

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Noun

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abá

  1. (anatomy) shoulder blade

Verb

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abá

  1. to carry on one's back

Iban

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Pronunciation

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IPA(key): /abaʔ/

Etymology 1

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From Proto-Malayic *aba, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *aba, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *aba, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aba, from Proto-Austronesian *aba.

Noun

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aba

  1. father
    Aba akuMy father

Etymology 2

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Noun

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aba

  1. smell

Etymology 3

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Preposition

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aba

  1. with; and
    Jaba aba JalirJaba and Jalir
  2. at; in
    Aba bilik iyaHe's in the room

Indonesian

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Etymology 1

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Inherited from Malay aba, from Proto-Malayic *aba, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *aba, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *aba, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aba, from Proto-Austronesian *aba. Doublet of abah.

Noun

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aba

  1. father: a human male who begets a child.
Alternative forms
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Synonyms
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Etymology 2

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Borrowed from Javanese ꦲꦧ (aba, sign, sound; order, command; to order, command; spoken word; to say, to speak).

Noun

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aba

  1. signals in the form of knocking sounds on walls and so on which are usually heard before the death of a family member
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Further reading

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Irish

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Noun

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aba

  1. Only used in ar aba

Noun

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aba m sg

  1. genitive singular of ab

Mutation

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Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
aba n-aba haba not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading

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Jamamadí

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Noun

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aba

  1. (Banawá) fish

References

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Javanese

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Romanization

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aba

  1. Romanization of ꦲꦧ

Kashubian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Middle Low German ebbe (tide).[1] Compare English ebb and Dutch eb.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈaba/
  • Rhymes: -aba
  • Syllabification: a‧ba

Noun

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aba f

  1. (regional, Hel Peninsula) ebb, the receding movement of the tide
  2. (regional, Hel Peninsula) ebb tide
  3. (regional, Hel Peninsula) tide, any periodic change in sea level

Derived terms

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verbs

References

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  1. ^ Wiesław Boryś, Hanna Popowska-Taborska (1994) “aba”, in Słownik etymologiczny Kaszubszczyzny[2], →ISBN

Further reading

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  • Sychta, Bernard (1967) “aba”, in Słownik gwar kaszubskich [Dictionary of Kashubian dialects] (in Polish), volumes 1 (A – Ǵ), Wrocław: Ossolineum, page 1
  • Jan Trepczyk (1994) “fala”, in Słownik polsko-kaszubski (in Kashubian), volumes 1–2
  • Eùgeniusz Gòłąbk (2011) “fala”, in Słownik Polsko-Kaszubski / Słowôrz Pòlskò-Kaszëbsczi[6]

Latgalian

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Etymology

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Cognate with Latvian aba and Lithuanian aba.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈaba]
  • Hyphenation: a‧ba

Conjunction

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aba

  1. (archaic) or

References

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  • Nicole Nau (2011) A short grammar of Latgalian, München: LINCOM GmbH, →ISBN, page 74

Latvian

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Adverb

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aba

  1. (archaic) just
  2. (archaic) just now

Synonyms

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Conjunction

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aba

  1. (archaic) or

Synonyms

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Adjective

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aba

  1. (archaic) both

Synonyms

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Noun

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aba m (4th declension, irregular gender, dative singular)

  1. (Christianity, Judaism) Father; religious superior; in the Syriac, Coptic, and Ethiopic churches, a title given to the bishops, and by the bishops to the patriarch; a title given to Jewish scholars in the Talmudic period.

Declension

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Synonyms

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Lithuanian

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Etymology

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Cognate with Latvian and Latgalian aba, as well as modern Lithuanian arba.

Conjunction

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aba

  1. or (archaic)

Lokono

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Numeral

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aba

  1. (Western Lokono) one.

Synonyms

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Malagasy

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Etymology

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From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aba, from Proto-Austronesian *aba.

Noun

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aba

  1. (dialectal) father

Further reading

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  • aba in Malagasy dictionaries at malagasyword.org

Malay

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Malayic *aba, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *aba, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *aba, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aba, from Proto-Austronesian *aba.

Alternative forms

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Noun

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aba (Jawi spelling اب, plural aba-aba, informal 1st possessive abaku, 2nd possessive abamu, 3rd possessive abanya)

  1. Alternative form of abah

Etymology 2

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From Arabic أَب (ʔab).

Noun

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aba (Jawi spelling اب, plural aba-aba, informal 1st possessive abaku, 2nd possessive abamu, 3rd possessive abanya)

  1. father (male parent)

Etymology 3

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Shortened form of haba.

Alternative forms

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Noun

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aba (Jawi spelling اب, plural aba-aba, informal 1st possessive abaku, 2nd possessive abamu, 3rd possessive abanya)

  1. Alternative form of haba

Mansaka

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Etymology

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Akin to Tagalog haba.

Adjective

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aba

  1. long

Marshallese

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Etymology

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Borrowed from English harbor.

Pronunciation

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  • (phonetic) IPA(key): [ɑbˠɑ]
  • (phonemic) IPA(key): /ɰæpˠæɰ/
  • Bender phonemes: {habah}

Noun

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aba

  1. a harbor.
  2. an anchorage.
  3. a port.

Further reading

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Mezquital Otomi

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Spanish haba (bean; bump, nodule; equine palatitis), from Latin faba (bean).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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ǎba

  1. equine palatitis

Synonyms

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References

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  • Hernández Cruz, Luis, Victoria Torquemada, Moisés (2010) Diccionario del hñähñu (otomí) del Valle del Mezquital, estado de Hidalgo (Serie de vocabularios y diccionarios indígenas “Mariano Silva y Aceves”; 45)‎[7] (in Spanish), second edition, Instituto Lingüístico de Verano, A.C., page 3

Middle Irish

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Noun

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aba

  1. genitive singular of ab

Mutation

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Middle Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
aba unchanged n-aba
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Tupi

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Etymology

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Inherited from Proto-Tupi-Guarani *rap, from Proto-Mawé-Guaraní *t͡sap, from Proto-Tupian *jap.[1]

Cognate with Sateré-Mawé sap, Guaraní ague.

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈa.β̞a/
  • Rhymes: -aβa
  • Hyphenation: a‧ba

Noun

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aba (IIa class pluriform, absolute taba, R1 raba, R2 saba) (possessable)

  1. body hair
  2. fur (hairy coat of various mammal species)
  3. contour feather; plumage
    pykasuaba
    pigeon feathers
  4. wool
  5. woolen fabric

Usage notes

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  • When talking about birds, aba referred only to the body feathers; the flight feathers were called pepó.

Derived terms

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References

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  1. ^ Andrey Nikulin (2020) Proto-Macro-Jê: um estudo reconstrutivo (in Portuguese), Brasília: UnB, page 569

Further reading

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Pangasinan

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Pronunciation

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  • Hyphenation: a‧ba
  • IPA(key): /aˈba/, [aˈba]
  • Rhymes: -a

Noun

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abá

  1. taro
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Part or all of this Pangasinan entry has been imported from the 1865 edition of Diccionario pangasinan-español. The imported definitions may be significantly outdated, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.

Portuguese

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Etymology 1

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From Latin alapa (slap, smack). Cognate with Galician aba.

Pronunciation

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  • Rhymes: -abɐ
  • Hyphenation: a‧ba

Noun

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aba f (plural abas)

  1. brim (of a hat)
    a aba do chapéu
    the brim of the hat
  2. flap (hinged leaf of furniture)
  3. bank (of a river)
    Synonym: margem
  4. (computing) tab (navigational widget in a GUI)
Derived terms
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Further reading

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  • aba” in Dicionário Aberto based on Novo Diccionário da Língua Portuguesa de Cândido de Figueiredo, 1913

Etymology 2

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Verb

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aba

  1. inflection of abar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Romanian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /aˈba/
  • Rhymes: -a
  • Hyphenation: a‧ba

Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish عبا (abâ) (Turkish aba), from Arabic عَبَاءَة (ʕabāʔa).

Noun

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aba f (uncountable)

  1. thick woollen fabric, usually white, from which country-style clothing is often made
    Synonym: dimie
Declension
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See also

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Etymology 2

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Interjection

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aba

  1. expresses wonder or draws attention to something

Further reading

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Salar

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Amdo Tibetan ཨ་ཕ (a pha, father).

Pronunciation

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  • (Xunhua, Qinghai, Ili, Yining, Xinjiang) IPA(key): /ɑbɑ/

Noun

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aba

  1. father

References

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  • Potanin, G.N. (1893) “aba”, in Тангутско-Тибетская окраина Китая и Центральная Монголия (in Russian)
  • Yanchuk, Mikola Andriyovich (1893) Этнографическое ОбозрѢніе: Императорскаго Общества Любителей Естествознанія, Антропологіи и Этнографіи [Ethnographical Review: Imperial Society of Lovers of Natural History, Anthropology and Ethnography]‎[9] (in Russian), Moscow: Publication of the Ethnographic Department, page 32
  • Rockhill, William Woodville (1894) Diary of a journey through Mongolia and Tibet in 1891 and 1892, Washington: Smithsonian Institution, page 374
  • The template Template:R:slr:Kakuk does not use the parameter(s):
    page=175
    Please see Module:checkparams for help with this warning.
    Kakuk, S. (1962). “Un Vocabulaire Salar.” Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae 14, no. 2: 173–96. [10]
  • Tenishev, Edhem (1976) “aba”, in Stroj salárskovo jazyká [Grammar of Salar], Moscow, page 279
  • 林 (Lin), 莲云 (Lianyun) (1985) “aba”, in 撒拉语简志 [A Brief History of Salar]‎[11], Beijing: 民族出版社: 琴書店, →OCLC, page 126
  • Yakup, Abdurishid (2002) “aba”, in An Ili Salar Vocabulary: Introduction and a Provisional Salar-English Lexicon[12], Tokyo: University of Tokyo, →ISBN, page 31
  • Dwyer, Arienne M. (2007) “aba”, in Salar: A Study in Inner Asian Language Contact Processes: Part I: Phonology[13], 1st edition, Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, →ISBN, page 108
  • Ma, Chengjun, Han, Lianye, Ma, Weisheng (December 2010) “aba”, in 米娜瓦尔 艾比布拉 (Minavar Abibra), editor, 撒维汉词典 (Sāwéihàncídiǎn) [Salar-Uyghur-Chinese dictionary], 1st edition, Beijing, →ISBN, page 1
  • 马伟 (Ma Wei), 朝克 (Chao Ke) (2014) “aba”, in 撒拉语366条会话读本 [Salar 366 Conversation Reader]‎[14], 1st edition, 社会科学文献出版社 (Social Science Literature Press), →ISBN, page 109


Sardinian

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Etymology 1

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From Latin ava, feminine of avus.

Noun

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aba f (plural abas)

  1. grandmother

Etymology 2

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From Latin ala.

Alternative forms

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Noun

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aba f (plural abas)

  1. wing

Sassarese

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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aba f (plural abi)

  1. Alternative form of abi (bee)

References

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  • Ugo Solinas (2016) “àbi”, in Vocabolario sassarese-italiano fraseologico ed etimologico, volume 1, Sestu: Domus de Janas, →ISBN, page 20
  • Giosue Muzzo (1981) “àba”, in Vocabolario del dialetto sassarese, Chiarella Editore, →ISBN; republished, Sassari: Carlo Delfino editore, 2018, page 25

Scottish Gaelic

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Alternative forms

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Etymology

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From Old Irish abb, from Latin abbās, from Ancient Greek ἀββᾶς (abbâs), from Aramaic אבא (’abbā, father).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /ˈapə/
  • Hyphenation: a‧ba

Noun

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aba m (genitive singular aba, plural abachan)

  1. abbot
    An nì a nì an dara h-aba subhach, nì e dubhach an t-aba eile.
    What makes the one abbot glad makes the other abbot sad.

Declension

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Derived terms

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Mutation

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Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
aba n-aba h-aba t-aba
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading

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  • Edward Dwelly (1911) “aba”, in Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan [The Illustrated Gaelic–English Dictionary]‎[15], 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • MacLennan, Malcolm (1925) A Pronouncing and Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language, Edinburgh: J. Grant, →OCLC
  • Colin Mark (2003) “aba”, in The Gaelic-English dictionary, London: Routledge, →ISBN, page 5

Serbo-Croatian

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish عبا (abâ) (Turkish aba), from Arabic عَبَاءَة (ʕabāʔa).

Noun

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aba f (Cyrillic spelling аба)

  1. (regional) aba

Further reading

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  • aba” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovak

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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aba f (genitive singular aby, declension pattern of žena)

  1. aba, abaya
    Synonym: abája

References

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  • aba”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Southern Ndebele

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Etymology

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From Proto-Bantu *-gàba.

Verb

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-aba

  1. to divide, to distribute

Inflection

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This noun needs an inflection-table template.

Spanish

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Etymology

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Either inherited from Latin apage (go away), from Ancient Greek άπαγε (ápage), or alternatively borrowed from Arabic اِبْعَد (ibʕad, dialectally also abʕad), imperative of بَعِدَ (baʕida, to go away).[1] As both words have the same meaning and could both easily have yielded Spanish aba, it is hardly possible to decide.

Pronunciation

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Interjection

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¡aba!

  1. caution!, watch out!

References

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  1. ^ Corriente, Federico (2019 March 11) “Boletín de información lingüística de la Real Academia Española”, in NOTAS A LOS ARABISMOS Y OTROS «EXOTISMOS» EN DLE 2014[3] (in Spanish), Royal Spanish Academy, archived from the original on 17 December 2020

Further reading

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Sumerian

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Romanization

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aba

  1. Romanization of 𒀊 (aba)

Swazi

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Etymology

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From Proto-Bantu *-gàba.

Verb

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-ába

  1. (transitive) to share
  2. (transitive) to distribute

Inflection

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This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Tagalog

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Etymology 1

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Pronunciation

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Adjective

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abâ (Baybayin spelling ᜀᜊ)

  1. poor, indigent
    Synonyms: dukha, maralita, hirap, mahirap
    Tulungan natin ang mga abang pamilya.
    Let's help the poor families.
  2. humble; ordinary
    Synonyms: karaniwan, pangkaraniwan
  3. oppressed, abused
    Synonyms: api, inapi, api-apihan
  4. unfortunate
    Synonym: kaawa-awa
  5. mean, despicable
    Synonym: hamak
Derived terms
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Etymology 2

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From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *abá.

Pronunciation

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Interjection

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abá (Baybayin spelling ᜀᜊ)

  1. an exclamation of surprise, wonder, or admiration; wow
    Synonyms: naku, (Rizal) adyaw
    Aba! Bakit ngayon mo lang sinabi?
    Hey! How come you only said it now?
    Aba! Ikaw ang bahala.
    Well! Do as you please.
    Aba oo.
    But of course.
Alternative forms
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Etymology 3

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Borrowed from Spanish ave, from Latin avē (hello, hail). The senses calling of attention could possibly be borrowed from Spanish aba (watch out), either from Latin apage (go away), from Ancient Greek άπαγε (ápage), or from Arabic اِبْعَد.

Pronunciation

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Interjection

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abá (Baybayin spelling ᜀᜊ)

  1. hail!
    Aba Ginoong Maria!
    Hail Mary!; Ave Maria!
Derived terms
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Noun

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abá (Baybayin spelling ᜀᜊ)

  1. act of greeting or calling the attention of someone
    Synonyms: bati, pagbati
  2. reminder or call of attention for someone about something
    Synonyms: banggit, ino, pagbanggit, pag-ino
Derived terms
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Further reading

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  • aba”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018
  • Blust, Robert; Trussel, Stephen; et al. (2023) “*abá”, in the CLDF dataset from The Austronesian Comparative Dictionary (2010–), →DOI
  • Cuadrado Muñiz, Adolfo (1972) Hispanismos en el tagalo: diccionario de vocablos de origen español vigentes en esta lengua filipina, Madrid: Oficina de Educación Iberoamericana, page 1

Anagrams

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Tatar

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Noun

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aba

  1. Latin spelling of аба (aba)

Ternate

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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aba

  1. father
    Synonym: baba

References

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  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Turkish

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Turkic *apa (mother, elder sister, aunt).

Noun

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aba (definite accusative abayı, plural abalar)

  1. (dialectal) elder sister
  2. (dialectal) mother

Etymology 2

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From Arabic عَبَاءَة (ʕabāʔa).

Noun

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aba (definite accusative abayı, plural abalar)

  1. felt (a non-woven cloth that is produced by matting, condensing and pressing woollen fibres)
Derived terms
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Etymology 3

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From Ottoman Turkish آبا (aba), from Arabic آباء (ʔābāʔ).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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aba

  1. (archaic) fathers
  2. (archaic) ancestors, forefathers
  3. (archaic) Christian monks
Declension
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Inflection
Nominative aba
Definite accusative abayı
Singular Plural
Nominative aba abalar
Definite accusative abayı abaları
Dative abaya abalara
Locative abada abalarda
Ablative abadan abalardan
Genitive abanın abaların
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular abam abalarım
2nd singular aban abaların
3rd singular abası abaları
1st plural abamız abalarımız
2nd plural abanız abalarınız
3rd plural abaları abaları
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular abamı abalarımı
2nd singular abanı abalarını
3rd singular abasını abalarını
1st plural abamızı abalarımızı
2nd plural abanızı abalarınızı
3rd plural abalarını abalarını
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular abama abalarıma
2nd singular abana abalarına
3rd singular abasına abalarına
1st plural abamıza abalarımıza
2nd plural abanıza abalarınıza
3rd plural abalarına abalarına
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular abamda abalarımda
2nd singular abanda abalarında
3rd singular abasında abalarında
1st plural abamızda abalarımızda
2nd plural abanızda abalarınızda
3rd plural abalarında abalarında
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular abamdan abalarımdan
2nd singular abandan abalarından
3rd singular abasından abalarından
1st plural abamızdan abalarımızdan
2nd plural abanızdan abalarınızdan
3rd plural abalarından abalarından
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular abamın abalarımın
2nd singular abanın abalarının
3rd singular abasının abalarının
1st plural abamızın abalarımızın
2nd plural abanızın abalarınızın
3rd plural abalarının abalarının

Etymology 4

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Noun

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aba

  1. dative singular of ab

Further reading

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  • aba”, in Turkish dictionaries, Türk Dil Kurumu

Venetian

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Etymology

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Compare Venetian àcua and Italian acqua.

Noun

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aba f (plural abe)

  1. (Belluno, Informal) water
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Weyewa

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Noun

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aba

  1. (Loli) fat
  2. (Loli) mouth

References

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  • Lobu Ori, S,Pd, M.Pd (2010) “aba”, in Kamus Bahasa Lolina [Dictionary of the Loli Language] (in Indonesian), Waikabubak: Kepala Dinas Kebudayaan dan Pariwisata, Kabupaten Sumba Barat

Wutunhua

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Etymology

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From Mandarin 阿爸 (ābà).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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aba

  1. father
    Synonym: ha
    Coordinate terms: ana, ma

References

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  • Erika Sandman (2016) A Grammar of Wutun[16], University of Helsinki (PhD), →ISBN

Xhosa

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Bantu *-gàba.

Verb

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-aba

  1. (transitive) to share
  2. (transitive) to distribute
Inflection
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This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Etymology 2

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(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation

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Pronoun

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âba

  1. these; class 2 proximal demonstrative.

Yoruba

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Etymology 1

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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àbá

  1. idea, suggestion

Etymology 2

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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abà

  1. barn, village
    Synonym: ahéré
    Synonym: abúlé

Etymology 3

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From à- (nominalizing prefix) +‎ ba (to brood, to incubate)

Pronunciation

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Noun

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àba

  1. incubation

Etymology 4

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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abá

  1. type of mat
    Synonym: ẹní

Etymology 5

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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àbá

  1. (Ekiti) father
    Synonyms: bàbá, aba
    Antonyms: iye, eye
  2. (Ekiti) a term of familiarity or respect for an older man or male relative
    Synonyms: bàbá, aba
Derived terms
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  • ababa (grandfather, paternal grandfather)
  • abaye (grandfather, maternal grandfather)

Zaghawa

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Pronunciation

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Noun

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aba

  1. father
  2. paternal uncle (among the wegi clan); maternal uncle (sometimes)

Usage notes

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  • Sense 2 refers to blood relations only
  • Most often used as a form of address, rather than a noun proper.

See also

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References

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Zazaki

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Noun

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aba

  1. felt (a non-woven cloth that is produced by matting, condensing and pressing woollen fibres)

Zulu

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Etymology

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From Proto-Bantu *-gàba.

Verb

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-aba

  1. (transitive) to divide, to apportion, to distribute
  2. (transitive) to share

Inflection

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Tone L
Infinitive ukwaba
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukwaba ukungabi
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular yaba -abe
Plural yabani -abeni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyaba, ngaba engabayo, engaba ngaba angabi engingabi ngingabi
2nd singular uyaba, waba owabayo, owaba waba awabi ongabi ungabi
1st plural siyaba, saba esabayo, esaba saba asabi esingabi singabi
2nd plural niyaba, naba enabayo, enaba naba anabi eningabi ningabi
Class 1 uyaba, waba owabayo, owaba aba akabi ongabi engabi
Class 2 bayaba, baba ababayo, ababa baba ababi abangabi bengabi
Class 3 uyaba, waba owabayo, owaba waba awabi ongabi ungabi
Class 4 iyaba, yaba eyabayo, eyaba yaba ayabi engabi ingabi
Class 5 liyaba, laba elabayo, elaba laba alabi elingabi lingabi
Class 6 ayaba, aba abayo, aba aba awabi angabi engabi
Class 7 siyaba, saba esabayo, esaba saba asabi esingabi singabi
Class 8 ziyaba, zaba ezabayo, ezaba zaba azabi ezingabi zingabi
Class 9 iyaba, yaba eyabayo, eyaba yaba ayabi engabi ingabi
Class 10 ziyaba, zaba ezabayo, ezaba zaba azabi ezingabi zingabi
Class 11 luyaba, lwaba olwabayo, olwaba lwaba alwabi olungabi lungabi
Class 14 buyaba, baba obabayo, obaba baba ababi obungabi bungabi
Class 15 kuyaba, kwaba okwabayo, okwaba kwaba akwabi okungabi kungabi
Class 17 kuyaba, kwaba okwabayo, okwaba kwaba akwabi okungabi kungabi
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngabile, ngabē engabile, engabē ngabile, ngabē angabanga engingabanga ngingabanga
2nd singular wabile, wabē owabile, owabē wabile, wabē awabanga ongabanga ungabanga
1st plural sabile, sabē esabile, esabē sabile, sabē asabanga esingabanga singabanga
2nd plural nabile, nabē enabile, enabē nabile, nabē anabanga eningabanga ningabanga
Class 1 wabile, wabē owabile, owabē abile, abē akabanga ongabanga engabanga
Class 2 babile, babē ababile, ababē babile, babē ababanga abangabanga bengabanga
Class 3 wabile, wabē owabile, owabē wabile, wabē awabanga ongabanga ungabanga
Class 4 yabile, yabē eyabile, eyabē yabile, yabē ayabanga engabanga ingabanga
Class 5 labile, labē elabile, elabē labile, labē alabanga elingabanga lingabanga
Class 6 abile, abē abile, abē abile, abē awabanga angabanga engabanga
Class 7 sabile, sabē esabile, esabē sabile, sabē asabanga esingabanga singabanga
Class 8 zabile, zabē ezabile, ezabē zabile, zabē azabanga ezingabanga zingabanga
Class 9 yabile, yabē eyabile, eyabē yabile, yabē ayabanga engabanga ingabanga
Class 10 zabile, zabē ezabile, ezabē zabile, zabē azabanga ezingabanga zingabanga
Class 11 lwabile, lwabē olwabile, olwabē lwabile, lwabē alwabanga olungabanga lungabanga
Class 14 babile, babē obabile, obabē babile, babē ababanga obungabanga bungabanga
Class 15 kwabile, kwabē okwabile, okwabē kwabile, kwabē akwabanga okungabanga kungabanga
Class 17 kwabile, kwabē okwabile, okwabē kwabile, kwabē akwabanga okungabanga kungabanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāba engāba ngāba angabanga engingabanga ngingabanga
2nd singular wāba owāba wāba awabanga ongabanga ungabanga
1st plural sāba esāba sāba asabanga esingabanga singabanga
2nd plural nāba enāba nāba anabanga eningabanga ningabanga
Class 1 wāba owāba āba akabanga ongabanga engabanga
Class 2 bāba abāba bāba ababanga abangabanga bengabanga
Class 3 wāba owāba wāba awabanga ongabanga ungabanga
Class 4 yāba eyāba yāba ayabanga engabanga ingabanga
Class 5 lāba elāba lāba alabanga elingabanga lingabanga
Class 6 āba āba āba awabanga angabanga engabanga
Class 7 sāba esāba sāba asabanga esingabanga singabanga
Class 8 zāba ezāba zāba azabanga ezingabanga zingabanga
Class 9 yāba eyāba yāba ayabanga engabanga ingabanga
Class 10 zāba ezāba zāba azabanga ezingabanga zingabanga
Class 11 lwāba olwāba lwāba alwabanga olungabanga lungabanga
Class 14 bāba obāba bāba ababanga obungabanga bungabanga
Class 15 kwāba okwāba kwāba akwabanga okungabanga kungabanga
Class 17 kwāba okwāba kwāba akwabanga okungabanga kungabanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingaba ngingaba ngingabe ngingabe
2nd singular ungaba ungaba ungabe ungabe
1st plural singaba singaba singabe singabe
2nd plural ningaba ningaba ningabe ningabe
Class 1 angaba engaba angabe engabe
Class 2 bangaba bengaba bangabe bengabe
Class 3 ungaba ungaba ungabe ungabe
Class 4 ingaba ingaba ingabe ingabe
Class 5 lingaba lingaba lingabe lingabe
Class 6 angaba engaba angabe engabe
Class 7 singaba singaba singabe singabe
Class 8 zingaba zingaba zingabe zingabe
Class 9 ingaba ingaba ingabe ingabe
Class 10 zingaba zingaba zingabe zingabe
Class 11 lungaba lungaba lungabe lungabe
Class 14 bungaba bungaba bungabe bungabe
Class 15 kungaba kungaba kungabe kungabe
Class 17 kungaba kungaba kungabe kungabe
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizokwaba engizokwaba ngizokwaba angizukwaba engingezukwaba ngingezukwaba
2nd singular uzokwaba ozokwaba uzokwaba awuzukwaba ongezukwaba ungezukwaba
1st plural sizokwaba esizokwaba sizokwaba asizukwaba esingezukwaba singezukwaba
2nd plural nizokwaba enizokwaba nizokwaba anizukwaba eningezukwaba ningezukwaba
Class 1 uzokwaba ozokwaba ezokwaba akazukwaba ongezukwaba engezukwaba
Class 2 bazokwaba abazokwaba bezokwaba abazukwaba abangezukwaba bengezukwaba
Class 3 uzokwaba ozokwaba uzokwaba awuzukwaba ongezukwaba ungezukwaba
Class 4 izokwaba ezokwaba izokwaba ayizukwaba engezukwaba ingezukwaba
Class 5 lizokwaba elizokwaba lizokwaba alizukwaba elingezukwaba lingezukwaba
Class 6 azokwaba azokwaba ezokwaba awazukwaba angezukwaba engezukwaba
Class 7 sizokwaba esizokwaba sizokwaba asizukwaba esingezukwaba singezukwaba
Class 8 zizokwaba ezizokwaba zizokwaba azizukwaba ezingezukwaba zingezukwaba
Class 9 izokwaba ezokwaba izokwaba ayizukwaba engezukwaba ingezukwaba
Class 10 zizokwaba ezizokwaba zizokwaba azizukwaba ezingezukwaba zingezukwaba
Class 11 luzokwaba oluzokwaba luzokwaba aluzukwaba olungezukwaba lungezukwaba
Class 14 buzokwaba obuzokwaba buzokwaba abuzukwaba obungezukwaba bungezukwaba
Class 15 kuzokwaba okuzokwaba kuzokwaba akuzukwaba okungezukwaba kungezukwaba
Class 17 kuzokwaba okuzokwaba kuzokwaba akuzukwaba okungezukwaba kungezukwaba
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyokwaba engiyokwaba ngiyokwaba angiyukwaba engingeyukwaba ngingeyukwaba
2nd singular uyokwaba oyokwaba uyokwaba awuyukwaba ongeyukwaba ungeyukwaba
1st plural siyokwaba esiyokwaba siyokwaba asiyukwaba esingeyukwaba singeyukwaba
2nd plural niyokwaba eniyokwaba niyokwaba aniyukwaba eningeyukwaba ningeyukwaba
Class 1 uyokwaba oyokwaba eyokwaba akayukwaba ongeyukwaba engeyukwaba
Class 2 bayokwaba abayokwaba beyokwaba abayukwaba abangeyukwaba bengeyukwaba
Class 3 uyokwaba oyokwaba uyokwaba awuyukwaba ongeyukwaba ungeyukwaba
Class 4 iyokwaba eyokwaba iyokwaba ayiyukwaba engeyukwaba ingeyukwaba
Class 5 liyokwaba eliyokwaba liyokwaba aliyukwaba elingeyukwaba lingeyukwaba
Class 6 ayokwaba ayokwaba eyokwaba awayukwaba angeyukwaba engeyukwaba
Class 7 siyokwaba esiyokwaba siyokwaba asiyukwaba esingeyukwaba singeyukwaba
Class 8 ziyokwaba eziyokwaba ziyokwaba aziyukwaba ezingeyukwaba zingeyukwaba
Class 9 iyokwaba eyokwaba iyokwaba ayiyukwaba engeyukwaba ingeyukwaba
Class 10 ziyokwaba eziyokwaba ziyokwaba aziyukwaba ezingeyukwaba zingeyukwaba
Class 11 luyokwaba oluyokwaba luyokwaba aluyukwaba olungeyukwaba lungeyukwaba
Class 14 buyokwaba obuyokwaba buyokwaba abuyukwaba obungeyukwaba bungeyukwaba
Class 15 kuyokwaba okuyokwaba kuyokwaba akuyukwaba okungeyukwaba kungeyukwaba
Class 17 kuyokwaba okuyokwaba kuyokwaba akuyukwaba okungeyukwaba kungeyukwaba
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngabe ngingabi
2nd singular wabe ungabi
1st plural sabe singabi
2nd plural nabe ningabi
Class 1 abe angabi
Class 2 babe bangabi
Class 3 wabe ungabi
Class 4 yabe ingabi
Class 5 labe lingabi
Class 6 abe angabi
Class 7 sabe singabi
Class 8 zabe zingabi
Class 9 yabe ingabi
Class 10 zabe zingabi
Class 11 lwabe lungabi
Class 14 babe bungabi
Class 15 kwabe kungabi
Class 17 kwabe kungabi
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngaba ngangaba, angaba, angangaba
2nd singular waba wangaba, awaba, awangaba
1st plural saba sangaba, asaba, asangaba
2nd plural naba nangaba, anaba, anangaba
Class 1 waba wangaba, akaba, akangaba
Class 2 baba bangaba, ababa, abangaba
Class 3 waba wangaba, awaba, awangaba
Class 4 yaba yangaba, ayaba, ayangaba
Class 5 laba langaba, alaba, alangaba
Class 6 aba angaba, awaba, awangaba
Class 7 saba sangaba, asaba, asangaba
Class 8 zaba zangaba, azaba, azangaba
Class 9 yaba yangaba, ayaba, ayangaba
Class 10 zaba zangaba, azaba, azangaba
Class 11 lwaba lwangaba, alwaba, alwangaba
Class 14 baba bangaba, ababa, abangaba
Class 15 kwaba kwangaba, akwaba, akwangaba
Class 17 kwaba kwangaba, akwaba, akwangaba

Derived terms

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References

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