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See also:
U+723A, 爺
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-723A

[U+7239]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+723B]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 88, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 金大尸十中 (CKSJL), four-corner 80127, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 690, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19734
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1103, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2040, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+723A

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms
𤕓
𨈺

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*laː
*laː
*laː
*laː
*laː

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *laː): semantic  (father) + phonetic  (OC *laː).

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ia2 - vernacular (“father”);
  • ie2 - literary (“grandfather”).

Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14762
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*laː/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (literary or dialectal) father
    木蘭長兄從此 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    木兰长兄从此 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: 木蘭詩; translation by Jack Yuan
    Ā wú dà ér, mùlán wú chángxiōng. Yuàn wèi shì ān mǎ, cóngcǐ tì zhēng. [Pinyin]
    My father has no grown-up son, and I (Mulan) have no elder brother. I'm willing to buy a horse and saddle, to go to battle in my father's place.
  2. grandfather
  3. (polite) grandpa (term of address for an elderly man)
  4. (historical, honorific) sir
  5. (honorific) term of address for gods and the Buddha
  6. (colloquial, derogatory or familiar, Northern China, male) I; me
    Synonyms: 老子 (Lǎozǐ), 恁爸 (lín-pē) (Min Nan)

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 爸爸 (“dad (face-to-face)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 父親
Mandarin Beijing 爸爸, ,
Taiwan 爸爸,
Harbin 爸爸, ,
Shenyang 爸爸
Jinan 爸爸, , Hui, 大大 Hui
Muping , 爸爸
Luoyang , 爸爸
Wanrong ,
Xi'an , Hui
Zhengzhou , Hui or suburbs
Xining 阿達, 達達,
Xuzhou 答答, 爸爸
Yinchuan , 爸爸
Lanzhou , 爸爸
Ürümqi 爸爸, , 爹爹, , 阿達 Hui
Wuhan 爸爸, dated, 伯伯 dated
Huanggang
Chengdu 爸爸,
Guiyang 爸爸, dated
Liuzhou , 阿爸,
Kunming 爸爸
Yangzhou 爸爸, 爹爹
Nanjing , 爸爸, 伯伯
Hefei 伯伯
Nantong , 父啊,
Malaysia 爸爸, , 爹哋
Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 達達, , 阿達
Cantonese Guangzhou 阿爸, 爸爸, 爹哋
Hong Kong 阿爸, 爸爸, , 爹哋
Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou)
Macau 阿爸, 爹哋
Panyu 阿爸, 爸爸
Huadu (Huashan) 爸爸, 阿叔 dated
Conghua 阿叔, 阿伯
Zengcheng 阿爸, 爸爸, 阿哥, 阿叔, 奶公, 阿爺
Foshan 阿爸
Nanhai (Shatou) 阿叔
Shunde 阿爹
Sanshui 阿爸, 阿爹
Gaoming (Mingcheng) 阿爸
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 阿爸
Zhuhai (Qianshan) 阿爸
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 阿爸
Doumen 阿爸
Jiangmen (Baisha) 阿爸, 阿爹
Xinhui 阿爸
Taishan 阿爸, 阿爹, 阿爺
Kaiping (Chikan) 阿爹
Enping (Niujiang) 阿爹
Heshan (Yayao) 阿爸
Dongguan 阿爸, 阿叔, 老豆, 爸爸 childish, 爹哋 childish, 爸B childish, 阿大 rare
Bao'an (Shajing) 阿爸, 爸爸
Yangjiang 阿爸
Danzhou
Kuala Lumpur 老豆, 阿爸, 爹哋
Gan Nanchang 爸爸,
Lichuan , 伯伯
Pingxiang 爺爺, 爹爹, 爸爸
Hakka Meixian 阿爸
Xingning 阿爸
Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua) 阿爸, 爸爸
Huidong (Daling) 阿爸
Dongguan (Qingxi) 阿爸, 爸爸
Shenzhen (Shatoujiao) 阿爸, 爸爸
Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui) 阿爸
Qujiang 阿爸
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 阿爸
Conghua (Lütian) 阿爸
Changting 爹爹, 哥哥
Pingyu
Wuping 阿哥,
Liancheng
Ninghua 哥哥
Yudu 爸爸
Ruijin 爹爹, 爹子
Shicheng , 爸爸
Shangyou 爸爸
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 阿爸
Liudui (S. Sixian) 阿爸
Hsinchu (Hailu) 阿爸
Dongshi (Dabu) 阿爸
Hsinchu (Raoping) 阿爸
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 阿怙
Hong Kong 阿爸
Sabah (Longchuan) 阿爸
Senai 阿爸
Singkawang 阿爸
Huizhou Jixi 伯伯,
Shexian , ,
Tunxi , ,
Xiuning , 阿爺
Yixian 爹爹, 爸爸, 官人
Qimen 爺兒, 伯兒
Wuyuan 爸爸,
Jin Taiyuan 爸爸, 大大, ,
Pingyao
Min Bei Jian'ou 爸爸, 爺爺 dated
Min Dong Fuzhou 依爹, 依爸, 依爺 dated
Matsu 依爹
Min Nan Xiamen 阿爸, 阿叔 euphemistic
Quanzhou 阿爸, 阿叔 euphemistic
Zhangzhou 阿爸, 阿官, 阿叔 euphemistic, 娘爸 dated
Taipei 爸爸, 阿爸
Kaohsiung 爸爸, 阿丈, 阿爸, 阿將
Tainan 多桑, 爸爸, 阿叔, 阿爸, 俺二仔, 俺爹
Taichung 爸爸
Hsinchu 阿爹, 爸爸
Lukang 阿府, 阿爸
Sanxia 老歲仔, 老的, 阿爸
Yilan 阿丈, 阿叔, 阿爸
Kinmen 俺爹, 俺爸
Magong 阿爸, , 二仔, 爸爸
Penang 阿爸, , 爸爸
Philippines (Manila) 爸爸
Chaozhou 阿爸, 阿爹
Haikou 阿爹, 阿兄, 阿官, 阿爸
Leizhou
Pinghua Nanning , 數字, 數老, 阿叔 dated
Wu Shanghai 爸爸, 老爸, 爹爹 dated, 阿伯 dated
Suzhou 爹爹
Hangzhou , 阿伯, 爸爸
Wenzhou 阿爸, 阿伯, 阿大
Chongming 爹爹, 阿爹 uncommon, , 爺爺
Danyang 爹爹, , 爸爸
Jinhua 伯伯, 爹爹, 爸爸
Tangxi
Ningbo 阿伯, 爸爸
Xiang Changsha 爹爹, 爺爺,
Shuangfeng 爹爹,
Loudi 爹爹
Dialectal synonyms of 爸爸 (“father (non-face-to-face)”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 父親
Mandarin Beijing 爸爸, ,
Taiwan 爸爸,
Harbin 爸爸, ,
Shenyang 爸爸
Jinan 爸爸, , Hui, 大大 Hui
Muping , 爸爸
Luoyang , 爸爸
Wanrong ,
Xi'an , Hui
Xining 阿達, 達達,
Xuzhou 答答, 爸爸, 老頭兒, 老頭子
Yinchuan , 爸爸
Lanzhou , 爸爸, 老子, 老爹
Ürümqi 爸爸, 先人, 老爹, , 達當子
Wuhan 爸爸, 老子, 老頭, dated, 伯伯 dated, 點頭磕 dated, 父老二 dated, casual, 八叉 dated, slang
Chengdu 爸爸, , 老頭兒, 老把子, 老漢兒
Guiyang 爸爸, 老爹, 老者, 老者者
Liuzhou 老爹, 爹老, 爺老, 老頭子
Kunming 爸爸
Yangzhou 爸爸, 爹爹, 老子
Nanjing , 爸爸, 伯伯
Hefei 伯伯
Nantong
Cantonese Guangzhou 老豆, 爸爸, 阿爸
Hong Kong 老豆, 爸爸, 阿爸, 爹哋
Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou) 阿爸,
Macau 老豆
Panyu 老豆
Huadu (Huashan) 老豆
Conghua 老豆
Zengcheng 老豆
Foshan 老豆
Nanhai (Shatou) 老豆
Shunde 老豆
Sanshui 老豆, 伯爺 dated
Gaoming (Mingcheng) 老豆
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 老子
Zhuhai (Qianshan) 老豆
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 老豆
Doumen 老豆
Jiangmen (Baisha) 老豆
Xinhui 老豆
Taishan 老豆
Kaiping (Chikan) 老豆
Enping (Niujiang) 老豆
Heshan (Yayao) 老豆
Dongguan 老豆, 阿爸, 老子, 爸爸 childish, 爹哋 childish, 爸B childish
Bao'an (Shajing) 老豆
Yangjiang 阿爹
Nanning , 老豆, 老嘢
Gan Nanchang 爸爸, 老子, 爺老子
Lichuan , 家父
Pingxiang 爺老子
Hakka Meixian 阿爸, 爺仔
Huizhou (Huicheng Bendihua) 老豆
Dongguan (Qingxi) 阿爸
Shenzhen (Shatoujiao) 阿爸
Zhongshan (Nanlang Heshui) 爺子
Conghua (Lütian) 父親
Yudu 爺老
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 阿爸
Liudui (S. Sixian) 阿爸
Hsinchu (Hailu) 阿爸
Dongshi (Dabu) 阿爸
Hsinchu (Raoping) 阿爸
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 阿怙
Huizhou Jixi 老子
Jin Taiyuan 老子, 大大, ,
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou 郎爸
Min Nan Xiamen 老爸, 娘爸 dated
Quanzhou 老爸
Zhangzhou 老爸, 娘爸 dated
Taipei 老爸
Kaohsiung 老爸
Tainan 老爸, 俺爸
Taichung 老爸, 爸爸
Hsinchu 老爸, 阿爹, 爸爸
Lukang 老爸
Sanxia 老爸, 阿爸
Yilan 老爸
Kinmen 俺爹
Magong 老爸
Penang 老爸, 阿爸, , 爸爸, , 老的
Philippines (Manila) 老爸
Chaozhou 阿父
Haikou
Leizhou 尼阿
Pinghua Nanning , 老子, 數字, 數老, 阿叔 dated
Wu Shanghai 爸爸, 老爸, 爹爹 dated, 阿伯 dated
Suzhou
Hangzhou , 阿伯, 爸爸, 老子
Wenzhou 阿爸, 阿伯
Chongming , 爺爺
Danyang 爹爹, , 爸爸
Jinhua
Ningbo , 阿爹, 阿伯, 爸爸, 老頭子
Xiang Changsha 爺老倌, 爺老子, 爹爹, 爺爺,
Shuangfeng 爹爹
Loudi 爹爹, 爺老倌, 爺老子, , 老人家
Dialectal synonyms of 祖父 (“paternal grandfather”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 祖父
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 祖父
Mandarin Beijing 爺爺
Taiwan 爺爺
Harbin , 爺爺
Shenyang , 爺爺
Hailar 爺爺
Ulanhot 爺爺
Tongliao 爺爺
Chifeng 爺爺
Bayanhot 爺爺
Jinan 爺爺
Muping , 爺爺
Luoyang
Wanrong
Xi'an , 把把 Hui
Qingdao 爺爺
Zhengzhou 爺爺, non-face-to-face
Xining 爺爺, , 爺兒
Xuzhou 爺爺
Yinchuan 爺爺
Lanzhou 爺爺
Ürümqi 爺爺, 阿爺 Hui, face-to-face
Wuhan 爹爹, 爺爺
Huanggang 爹爹
Chengdu 爺爺,
Guiyang 太爺, 老太爺, 爺爺
Liuzhou 阿公, , 爺爺
Kunming 老爹
Yangzhou 爹爹
Nanjing 爺爺, 把把 Hui
Hefei 爹爹
Nantong 爹爹
Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan) 爺爺
Masanchin (Shaanxi Dungan) 把把
Cantonese Guangzhou 阿爺, 爺爺 face-to-face
Hong Kong 阿爺, 爺爺
Hong Kong (Kam Tin Weitou) 爺公 face-to-face, 阿公 non-face-to-face, 阿爺 non-face-to-face
Macau 阿爺
Panyu 阿爺
Huadu (Huashan) 阿爺
Conghua 阿公
Zengcheng 阿公, 阿爺
Foshan 阿爺
Nanhai (Shatou) 阿爺
Shunde 阿爺
Sanshui 阿爺
Gaoming (Mingcheng) 阿公
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 阿公
Zhuhai (Qianshan) 阿公
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 阿公
Doumen 阿公
Jiangmen (Baisha) 阿公
Xinhui 阿公
Taishan 阿爺
Kaiping (Chikan) 阿爺
Enping (Niujiang) 阿爺
Heshan (Yayao) 阿爺
Dongguan 阿公, 阿爺
Bao'an (Shajing) 阿公, 阿爺
Shaoguan 阿公, 阿爺
Yunfu 阿爺
Yangjiang 阿公, 阿爺
Xinyi 阿公
Lianjiang 阿公, 公爹
Nanning 阿公, 爺爺
Danzhou
Kuala Lumpur 阿爺
Ho Chi Minh City 阿爺
Gan Nanchang 公公, 爺爺
Lichuan , 公兒
Pingxiang 公公
Hakka Meixian 阿公
Xingning 阿公
Huidong (Daling) 阿公
Qujiang 公爹
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 阿公
Changting 公爹
Pingyu 阿公
Wuping 公爹
Liancheng
Ninghua 公公
Yudu 公爹 non-face-to-face, 公公 face-to-face
Ruijin 公公,
Shicheng , 公公
Shangyou 爹爹, 阿爹
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 阿公
Liudui (S. Sixian) 阿公
Hsinchu (Hailu) 阿公
Dongshi (Dabu) 阿爹, 阿公
Hsinchu (Raoping) 阿公
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 阿公
Hong Kong 阿公
Sabah 阿公
Senai 阿公
Singkawang 阿公
Huizhou Jixi , 阿朝 face-to-face
Shexian , 朝朝, 朝奉, 老奉
Tunxi 朝朝, 老朝兒
Xiuning 阿朝, 阿爹
Yixian 老官
Qimen 老兒
Wuyuan 朝朝
Fuliang 公公, 大大
Dexing 老爹
Jingde 公公
Xianyu (formerly Zhanda) 大大
Jin Taiyuan 爺爺
Pingyao 爺爺
Xinzhou 爺爺 non-face-to-face, 爺爺啊 face-to-face, 呀爺 face-to-face
Baochang 爺爺
Jining 爺爺
Hohhot 爺爺
Baotou 爺爺
Dongsheng 爺爺
Linhe 爺爺
Haibowan 爺爺
Min Bei Jian'ou 公公, 爹爹, 老爹 face-to-face, 爺爺 new-style
Dikou 阿公
Songxi 家公
Zhenghe 公仔
Zhenqian
Jianyang 爹爹
Wuyishan 爹爹
Shibei 公爹
Min Dong Fuzhou 依公,
Changle 依公
Fuqing 阿公
Yongtai 依公
Gutian
Fu'an
Ningde
Zhouning 阿翁
Fuding 阿公
Matsu 依公
Min Nan Xiamen 阿公, 俺公, 內公 non-face-to-face
Quanzhou 阿公, 內公 non-face-to-face
Zhangzhou 阿公, 咉公, 內公 non-face-to-face
Taipei 阿公, 俺公, 內公 non-face-to-face; mT
Kaohsiung 阿公
Tainan 阿公
Taichung 阿公
Wuqi 阿公
Hsinchu 阿公
Taitung 阿公
Lukang 阿公, 俺公
Sanxia 阿公
Yilan 阿公
Kinmen 俺公
Magong 阿公
Penang 阿公, , 內公
Singapore 俺公, 阿公
Philippines (Manila) 俺公, 內公 non-face-to-face
Chaozhou 阿公
Shantou 阿公
Haifeng 阿公,
Johor Bahru 阿公
Wenchang
Haikou non-face-to-face, non-face-to-face, face-to-face
Leizhou 尼公, 祖公, face-to-face
Puxian Min Putian 阿公
Xianyou 阿公
Pinghua Nanning , 太公
Shehua Fu'an
Fuding 阿公
Luoyuan 阿公
Sanming 阿公
Shunchang 阿翁
Hua'an
Cangnan
Wu Shanghai 老爹, 爺爺
Suzhou 阿爹
Wuxi 爺爺
Hangzhou 爹爹, 爺爺, 阿爹
Wenzhou 阿爺, 祖公 non-face-to-face, 祖公爺 non-face-to-face
Chongming 裡公
Danyang 爺爺
Jinhua 爺爺
Ningbo 阿爺
Xiang Changsha 爹爹, 爺爺, 公公
Shuangfeng 公公
Xiangtan 公公, 公毑
Loudi 阿公, 公公, 佳佳
Note mT - mainstream Taiwanese (no particular region identified)

Coordinate termsEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. old man
  2. grandfather

ReadingsEdit

Alternative formsEdit

Kanji in this term
じじい
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi
Kanji in this term
じじ
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi
Kanji in this term
じい
Hyōgaiji
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana じい, rōmaji , historical hiragana ぢい)

  1. a grandfather
     (じい)さん
    (o) jī-san
    grandfather
     (じい)ちゃん
    (o) jī-chan
    grandpa; granddad

(hiragana じい, rōmaji , historical hiragana ぢい)
(alternative reading hiragana じじ, romaji jiji, historical hiragana ぢぢ)
(alternative reading hiragana じじい, romaji jijī, historical hiragana ぢぢい)

  1. an old man; a geezer; a gramps
     (じい)ちゃん
    (o) jī-chan
    mister
    • 1990 June 25 [Feb 17 1990], Morikawa, George, “Roundラウンド 5 1965ねんのアッパーカット [Round 5: 1965’s Uppercut]”, in はじめのいっ THE FIGHTING! [The First Step: THE FIGHTING!], volume 1 (fiction), 3rd edition, Tokyo: Kodansha, →ISBN, page 131:
      バカヤロオ 会長 (じじい) (とし)  (かんが)えろ  (しん) (ぞう) ()まっちまうだろうが‼
      Bakayarō jijī no toshi kangaero shinzō tomatchimau darō ga‼
      You idiot‼ Think about gramps’s age‼ His heart coulda stopped‼
      うわぁ すいません
      Uwā suimasen
      Oww! I’m sorry!

See alsoEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ya)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: ya, McCune–Reischauer: ya, Yale: ya)
    • Name (hangeul): 아비
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(gia)

  1. Hán tự form of gia.