Latin edit

Etymology edit

From uter +‎ -que. Compare Gothic 𐍈𐌰𐌸𐌰𐍂𐌿𐌷 (ƕaþaruh), which may be inherited from the same source.

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

uterque (feminine utraque, neuter utrumque or utrunque); first/second-declension pronoun (nominative masculine singular in -er, pronominal; without or with m optionally → n in compounds)

  1. each of two or both.
    • c. 45 BCE, Cicero, Tusculan Disputations 2.4:
      Ita est utraque res sine altera debilis.
      Thus each is feeble without the other.
    • 106 BCE – 43 BCE, Cicero, Ad Atticum 6.1.9:
      Sed credo te ... binas meas de omnibus rebus accepisse, ... utrasque tuis pueris datas.
      But I believe you ... received my two letters concerning all these things, ... both given to your children.
    • perh. post 2nd c. CE but ancient, Hyginus astronomus, Poeticon Astronomicon 2.2:
      Nonnulli etiam Helicen et Cynosuram nymphas esse Iouis nutrices dicunt, et hac re etiam pro beneficio in mundo conlocatas, et utrasque Arctos appellatas esse, quas nostri Septentriones dixerunt.
      Some say the Ursa Major and Ursa Minor are Jupiter's nursing nymphs, and for this reason they were placed on the world [sky] for our benefit, and were both named Arctos ("the Bears"), who we [the Romans] have also called the Septentriones ("the Northerners").

Declension edit

First/second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er, pronominal; without or with m optionally → n in compounds) with an indeclinable portion.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative uterque utraque utrumque
utrīque utraeque utraque
Genitive utrī̆usque utrōrumque
Dative utrīque utrīsque
Accusative utrumque
utrōsque utrāsque utraque
Ablative utrōque utrāque utrōque utrīsque
Vocative uterque utraque utrumque
utrīque utraeque utraque

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

References edit

  • uterque”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • uterque”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • uterque in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to discuss both sides of a question: in utramque partem, in contrarias partes disputare (De Or. 1. 34)
    • (ambiguous) in both cases; whichever way you look at it: in utraque re
  • uterque in Ramminger, Johann (2016 July 16 (last accessed)) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016