uterque

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From uter +‎ -que.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

uterque (feminine utraque, neuter utrumque or utrunque); first/second-declension pronoun (nominative masculine singular in -er, pronominal; without or with m optionally → n in compounds)

  1. each of two or both.
    • c. 45 BCE, Cicero, Tusculanes 2.4:
      Ita est utraque res sine altera debilis.
      Thus each is feeble without the other.
    • 106 BCE – 43 BCE, Cicero, Ad Atticum 6.1.9:
      Sed credo te ... binas meas de omnibus rebus accepisse, ... utrasque tuis pueris datas.
      But I believe you ... received my two letters concerning all these things, ... both given to your children.
    • perh. post 2nd c. CE but ancient, Hyginus astronomus, Poeticon Astronomicon 2.2:
      Nonnulli etiam Helicen et Cynosuram nymphas esse Iouis nutrices dicunt, et hac re etiam pro beneficio in mundo conlocatas, et utrasque Arctos appellatas esse, quas nostri Septentriones dixerunt.
      Some say the Ursa Major and Ursa Minor are Jupiter's nursing nymphs, and for this reason they were placed on the world [sky] for our benefit, and were both named Arctos ("the Bears"), who we [the Romans] have also called the Septentriones ("the Northerners").

DeclensionEdit

First/second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er, pronominal; without or with m optionally → n in compounds) with an indeclinable portion.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative uterque utraque utrumque
utrunque
utrīque utraeque utraque
Genitive utrī̆usque utrōrumque
utrōrunque
utrārumque
utrārunque
utrōrumque
utrōrunque
Dative utrīque utrīsque
Accusative utrumque
utrunque
utramque
utranque
utrumque
utrunque
utrōsque utrāsque utraque
Ablative utrōque utrāque utrōque utrīsque
Vocative uterque utraque utrumque
utrunque
utrīque utraeque utraque

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • uterque in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • uterque in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • uterque in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to discuss both sides of a question: in utramque partem, in contrarias partes disputare (De Or. 1. 34)
    • (ambiguous) in both cases; whichever way you look at it: in utraque re
  • uterque in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016