See also: Idem, IDEM, and ídem

English edit

Etymology edit

From Middle English idem, borrowed from Latin idem (the same).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɪ.dɛm/, /ˈaɪ.dɛm/
  • (file)
  • (file)

Pronoun edit

idem

  1. The same.

Usage notes edit

Used almost exclusively in footnotes of academic or scholarly papers, especially those of the legal profession, to indicate that the source or author referred to in a footnote is the same as in the preceding footnote; usually abbreviated when so used.

Related terms edit

Translations edit

See also edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

idem

  1. idem, ditto

Anagrams edit

French edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin idem.

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

idem

  1. idem, likewise
    Synonym: id.
    pour moi c’est idemit's all the same to me
    • 1968, “Requiem pour un con”, Serge Gainsbourg (music), performed by Serge Gainsbourg:
      Pour moi c’est idem / Que ça te plaise ou non / J’te l’rejoue quand même / Pauvre con
      It's all the same to me / Whether you like it or not / I'll play it for you again anyway / You stupid idiot

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Indonesian edit

Etymology edit

Unadapted borrowing from Dutch idem, from Latin idem (the same).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɪ.dəm/, /ˈɪ.dɛm/

Pronoun edit

idem

  1. idem

Derived terms edit

Further reading edit

Anagrams edit

Italian edit

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

idem

  1. ditto, and so, likewise, also

Pronoun edit

idem

  1. ditto, the same

References edit

  1. ^ idem in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From Proto-Italic *izdim; equivalent to is (he) + Proto-Italic *-im (emphatic marker) (whence Sabellic *-om, Oscan 𐌝𐌔𐌝𐌃𐌖𐌌 (ísídum), 𐌄𐌔𐌝𐌃𐌖𐌌 (esídum)), from Proto-Indo-European *im (whence also Old Latin im, em), accusative singular of *éy (so both parts are from the same source). The s was lost and the i lengthened by compensatory lengthening.[2]

When is' ablative cases eōd, eād became , , idem's ablative true forms eōd-em, eād-em were interpreted as eō-dem, eā-dem. The neuter nominative singular id-em is natural and gives earlier emem (= later eundem). The new marker -dem then served to create totidem, tantumdem, ibīdem, etc. Compare tam-en with its later doublet: tan-dem (← *tam-dem).

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

īdem (feminine eadem, neuter idem); demonstrative pronoun (with m optionally → n in compounds) with an indeclinable portion

  1. the same
    • 29 bc. Virgil. Georgics, III
      amor omnibus īdem
      Love is the same for all

Declension edit

Irregular declension. Similar to the declension of is, ea, id. Demonstrative pronoun (with m optionally → n in compounds) with an indeclinable portion.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative īdem eadem idem īdem1 eaedem eadem
Genitive eiusdem
ejusdem
eōrundem
eōrundem
eōrumdem
eārundem
eārundem
eārumdem
eōrundem
eōrundem
eōrumdem
Dative eīdem2
e͡idem
ēīdem
eīdem2
e͡idem
ēīdem
eaedem
eīdem2
e͡idem
ēīdem
eīsdem1
iīsdem
īsdem
eīsdem1
iīsdem
īsdem
eābusdem
eīsdem1
iīsdem
īsdem
Accusative eundem
eundem
eumdem
eandem
eandem
eamdem
idem eōsdem eāsdem eadem
Ablative eōdem eādem eōdem eīsdem1
iīsdem
īsdem

1The nom./dat./abl. plural forms regularly developed into a monosyllable /iː(s)/, with later remodelling - compare the etymology of deus. This /iː/ was normally spelled as EI during and as II after the Republic; a disyllabic , spelled II, Iꟾ, appears in Silver Age poetry, while disyllabic eīs is only post-Classical. Other spellings include EEI(S), EIEI(S), IEI(S).
2The dat. singular is found spelled EIEI (here represented as ēī) and scanned as two longs in Plautus, but also as a monosyllable. The latter is its normal scansion in Classical. Other spellings include EEI, IEI.

Derived terms edit

Related terms edit

References edit

  • idem”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • idem”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • idem in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to hold the same views: idem sentire (opp. dissentire ab aliquo)
    • to agree with a person: consentire, idem sentire cum aliquo
    • to have the same meaning: idem valere, significare, declarare
    • synonyms: vocabula idem fere declarantia
    • to have the same political opinions: idem de re publica sentire
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press, →ISBN
  1. ^ idem”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “-dem”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 166

Portuguese edit

Pronunciation edit

Pronoun edit

idem

  1. (demonstrative) idem, ditto (the aforesaid, the same)

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin idem.

Adverb edit

idem

  1. idem

Serbo-Croatian edit

Verb edit

idem (Cyrillic spelling идем)

  1. first-person singular present of ići

Slovak edit

Pronunciation edit

Verb edit

idem

  1. first-person singular present of ísť