idem

See also: Idem, IDEM, and ídem

Contents

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin idem ‎(the same).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈaɪ.dɛm/, /ˈɪ.dɛm/

AdjectiveEdit

idem ‎(not comparable)

  1. The same.

Derived termsEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • Used almost exclusively in footnotes of academic or scholarly papers, especially those of the legal profession, to indicate that the source referred to in a footnote is the same as the source in the preceding footnote; usually abbreviated when so used.

AnagramsEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

idem

  1. idem, ditto

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdverbEdit

idem

  1. idem, likewise

AnagramsEdit

External linksEdit


ItalianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ˈidem/
  • Hyphenation: ì‧dem

AdverbEdit

idem

  1. ditto, and so, likewise, also

PronounEdit

idem

  1. ditto, the same

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the pronoun is ‎(he) + Proto-Italic *-im ‎(emphatic marker) (whence Sabellic *-om, Oscan 𐌝𐌔𐌝𐌃𐌖𐌌 ‎(ísídum), 𐌄𐌔𐌝𐌃𐌖𐌌 ‎(esídum)), from Proto-Indo-European *im (whence also Old Latin im, em), accusative singular of *éy. The s was lost and the i lengthened by compensatory lengthening.[2]

When the ablative cases eōd, eād became , , the true forms eōd-em, eād-em were interpreted as eō-dem, eā-dem. The neuter nominative singular id-em is natural and Paul.Fest. gives earlier emem (= later eundem). This new marker -dem then served to create totidem, tantumdem, ibīdem, etc. Also noteworthy is tam-en with its later formal doublet tan-dem.

DeterminerEdit

īdem m ‎(feminine eadem, neuter idem)

  1. the same (usually with ablative)
    • 29 bc. Vergil. Georgics, III
      amor omnibvs idem
      Sex is the same for all of them [viz., every form of man, beast, aquatic or winged life, and livestock]

InflectionEdit

Irregular declension. Similar to the declension of is, ea, id. Irregular: similar to first and second declensions, except for singular genitives ending in "-ius" and singular datives ending in "-ī".
Irregular: similar to first and second declensions, except for singular genitives ending in "-ius" and singular datives ending in "-ī".

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative īdem eadem idem īdem eaedem eadem
genitive eiusdem /
ejusdem
eōrundem eārundem eōrundem
dative eīdem eīsdem /
īsdem
accusative eundem eandem idem eōsdem eāsdem eadem
ablative eōdem eādem eōdem eīsdem /
īsdem


See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ idem” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “-dem”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 166
  • Sihler, Andrew L. (1995) New Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press

PortugueseEdit

PronounEdit

idem

  1. (demonstrative) the aforesaid; ditto

Serbo-CroatianEdit

VerbEdit

idem (Cyrillic spelling идем)

  1. first-person singular present tense form of ići.
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