1. plural of quali



From Proto-Indo-European *kʷo- (interrogative, relative stem) and maybe *h₂el- (to grow) (cf. the sense of indolēs, from this root). Cognate with Ancient Greek πηλίκος (pēlíkos).




  1. (interrogative) of what kind, sort, description, nature; what kind of
    tālis ... quālisjust like
  2. (relative) of such kind as, one such as
  3. (technical, philosophy) of a particular kind
    c. 65 CE, Seneca the Younger, Epistulae morales ad Lucilium 117.27.6:
    Prius aliquid esse dēbet, deinde quāle esse.
    Something first needs to be, and then to be of a particular kind.


Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative quālis quāle quālēs quālia
Genitive quālis quālium
Dative quālī quālibus
Accusative quālem quāle quālēs
Ablative quālī quālibus
Vocative quālis quāle quālēs quālia

Coordinate termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit


  • Aromanian: cari, cai
  • Dalmatian: cal
  • English: quale
  • Franco-Provençal: quâl
  • French: quel
  • Friulian: cuâl
  • Galician: cal
  • Italian: quale
  • Ladin: chel
  • Occitan: qual
  • Portuguese: qual
  • Romanian: care
  • Sicilian: quali
  • Spanish: cual
  • Venetian: quało


  • qualis”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • qualis”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • qualis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • qualis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to determine the nature and constitution of the subject under discussion: constituere, quid et quale sit, de quo disputetur
  • Dizionario Latino, Olivetti