See also: Alibi and álibi

English edit

Etymology edit

18th century, from Latin alibī (elsewhere, at another place, adverb). Probably after French alibi, which has this use since the late 14th century.

Pronunciation edit

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈæl.ə.baɪ/
  • (file)

Noun edit

alibi (plural alibis)

  1. (law) The plea or mode of defense under which a person on trial for a crime proves or attempts to prove being in another place when the alleged act was committed.
    to set up an alibi
    to prove an alibi
    • 1988, Criminal Law Deskbook, →ISBN:
      Alibi is different from all of the other defenses . . . it is based upon the premise that the defendant is truly innocent.
  2. (sometimes proscribed) An excuse, especially one used to avoid responsibility or blame.

Usage notes edit

  • A very good alibi might be described e.g. as perfect, watertight, airtight, solid or iron-clad.
  • Some argue "alibi" should not be used colloquially to mean "an explanation or excuse to avoid blame or justify action," since this sense is unrelated to the word's original meaning of "elsewhere."

Derived terms edit

Translations edit

Verb edit

alibi (third-person singular simple present alibis or alibies, present participle alibiing, simple past and past participle alibied)

  1. To provide an alibi for.
  2. To provide an excuse for.

See also edit

Anagrams edit

Dutch edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin alibī.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈaː.liˌbi/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: ali‧bi

Noun edit

alibi n or m (plural alibi's, diminutive alibietje n)

  1. alibi

Descendants edit

  • Indonesian: alibi

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin alibi.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑlibi/, [ˈɑ̝libi]
  • Rhymes: -ɑlibi
  • Syllabification(key): a‧li‧bi

Noun edit

alibi

  1. alibi

Declension edit

Inflection of alibi (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
nominative alibi alibit
genitive alibin alibien
partitive alibia alibeja
illative alibiin alibeihin
singular plural
nominative alibi alibit
accusative nom. alibi alibit
gen. alibin
genitive alibin alibien
partitive alibia alibeja
inessive alibissa alibeissa
elative alibista alibeista
illative alibiin alibeihin
adessive alibilla alibeilla
ablative alibilta alibeilta
allative alibille alibeille
essive alibina alibeina
translative alibiksi alibeiksi
abessive alibitta alibeitta
instructive alibein
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of alibi (Kotus type 5/risti, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative alibini alibini
accusative nom. alibini alibini
gen. alibini
genitive alibini alibieni
partitive alibiani alibejani
inessive alibissani alibeissani
elative alibistani alibeistani
illative alibiini alibeihini
adessive alibillani alibeillani
ablative alibiltani alibeiltani
allative alibilleni alibeilleni
essive alibinani alibeinani
translative alibikseni alibeikseni
abessive alibittani alibeittani
instructive
comitative alibeineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative alibisi alibisi
accusative nom. alibisi alibisi
gen. alibisi
genitive alibisi alibiesi
partitive alibiasi alibejasi
inessive alibissasi alibeissasi
elative alibistasi alibeistasi
illative alibiisi alibeihisi
adessive alibillasi alibeillasi
ablative alibiltasi alibeiltasi
allative alibillesi alibeillesi
essive alibinasi alibeinasi
translative alibiksesi alibeiksesi
abessive alibittasi alibeittasi
instructive
comitative alibeinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative alibimme alibimme
accusative nom. alibimme alibimme
gen. alibimme
genitive alibimme alibiemme
partitive alibiamme alibejamme
inessive alibissamme alibeissamme
elative alibistamme alibeistamme
illative alibiimme alibeihimme
adessive alibillamme alibeillamme
ablative alibiltamme alibeiltamme
allative alibillemme alibeillemme
essive alibinamme alibeinamme
translative alibiksemme alibeiksemme
abessive alibittamme alibeittamme
instructive
comitative alibeinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative alibinne alibinne
accusative nom. alibinne alibinne
gen. alibinne
genitive alibinne alibienne
partitive alibianne alibejanne
inessive alibissanne alibeissanne
elative alibistanne alibeistanne
illative alibiinne alibeihinne
adessive alibillanne alibeillanne
ablative alibiltanne alibeiltanne
allative alibillenne alibeillenne
essive alibinanne alibeinanne
translative alibiksenne alibeiksenne
abessive alibittanne alibeittanne
instructive
comitative alibeinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative alibinsa alibinsa
accusative nom. alibinsa alibinsa
gen. alibinsa
genitive alibinsa alibiensa
partitive alibiaan
alibiansa
alibejaan
alibejansa
inessive alibissaan
alibissansa
alibeissaan
alibeissansa
elative alibistaan
alibistansa
alibeistaan
alibeistansa
illative alibiinsa alibeihinsa
adessive alibillaan
alibillansa
alibeillaan
alibeillansa
ablative alibiltaan
alibiltansa
alibeiltaan
alibeiltansa
allative alibilleen
alibillensa
alibeilleen
alibeillensa
essive alibinaan
alibinansa
alibeinaan
alibeinansa
translative alibikseen
alibiksensa
alibeikseen
alibeiksensa
abessive alibittaan
alibittansa
alibeittaan
alibeittansa
instructive
comitative alibeineen
alibeinensa

Further reading edit

French edit

Etymology edit

From Middle French alibi (14th c.), borrowed from Latin alibī.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

alibi m (plural alibis or (archaic) alibi)

  1. alibi

Further reading edit

Indonesian edit

 
Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology edit

From Dutch alibi, from Latin alibī (elsewhere, at another place).

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): [ˈali.bi]
  • Hyphenation: ali‧bi

Noun edit

alibi (first-person possessive alibiku, second-person possessive alibimu, third-person possessive alibinya)

  1. alibi:
    1. (law) the plea or mode of defense under which a person on trial for a crime proves or attempts to prove being in another place when the alleged act was committed.
    2. (slang) excuse
      Synonym: alasan

Further reading edit

Italian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin alibi.

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /ˈa.li.bi/
  • Rhymes: -alibi
  • Hyphenation: à‧li‧bi

Noun edit

alibi m (invariable)

  1. alibi

Anagrams edit

Latin edit

Alternative forms edit

Etymology edit

From alius (other, another) +‎ ibī.

Pronunciation edit

Adverb edit

alibī (not comparable)

  1. elsewhere, somewhere else

Related terms edit

Descendants edit

References edit

  • alibi”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • alibi”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • alibi in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette

Polish edit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology edit

Learned borrowing from Latin alibī.[1][2] First attested in 1802.[3][4]

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /aˈli.bi/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ibi
  • Syllabification: a‧li‧bi

Noun edit

alibi n (indeclinable)

  1. (law) alibi (plea or mode of defense under which a person on trial for a crime proves or attempts to prove being in another place when the alleged act was committed)
  2. (literary) alibi (excuse, especially one used to avoid responsibility or blame)

Derived terms edit

nouns

Collocations edit

References edit

  1. ^ Mirosław Bańko; Lidia Wiśniakowska (2021), “alibi”, in Wielki słownik wyrazów obcych, →ISBN
  2. ^ Witold Doroszewski, editor (1958–1969), “alibi”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), Warszawa: PWN
  3. ^ Gazeta Korrespondenta Warszawskiego y Zagranicznego[1], issue 74, 1802, page 944
  4. ^ alibi in Narodowy Fotokorpus Języka Polskiego

Further reading edit

Romanian edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from French alibi.

Noun edit

alibi n (plural alibiuri)

  1. alibi

Declension edit

Rukai edit

Noun edit

alibi

  1. stone tiles of a roof

Serbo-Croatian edit

Noun edit

àlībi m (Cyrillic spelling а̀лӣби)

  1. alibi

Declension edit

Slovak edit

Etymology edit

Borrowed from Latin alibī.

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

alibi n

  1. alibi

Declension edit

Indeclinable.

Further reading edit

  • alibi”, in Slovníkový portál Jazykovedného ústavu Ľ. Štúra SAV [Dictionary portal of the Ľ. Štúr Institute of Linguistics, Slovak Academy of Science] (in Slovak), https://slovnik.juls.savba.sk, 2024

Swedish edit

Noun edit

alibi n

  1. (law) an alibi
    Hon saknar alibi för mordnatten
    She has no alibi for the night of the murder
  2. (by extension) an alibi (excuse, more generally)

Declension edit

Declension of alibi 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative alibi alibit alibin alibina
Genitive alibis alibits alibins alibinas

References edit