See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *zro): phonetic  ‎(OC *sʰro) + semantic  ‎(bird)

Han characterEdit

(radical 172 +10, 18 strokes, cangjie input 心山人土 (PUOG), four-corner 20414)

  1. chick, fledgling
  2. infant, toddler

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1368, character 39
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 42121
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1874, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4105, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+96DB

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Small seal script

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (20)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʒɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɖ͡ʐio/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʒio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɖ͡ʐuə̆/
Li
Rong
/d͡ʒio/
Wang
Li
/d͡ʒĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɖ͡ʐʱi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chú
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1609
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*zro/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

(hina): Emperor and Empress hina dolls, in front of gold screens. The optional lampstands are also partially visible.
Kanji in this term
ひな
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ひな, romaji hina)

  1. a type of small doll, typically standing upright in the Heian period, changing style to a seated posture in the Muromachi period
  2. short for 雛祭り ‎(Hina matsuri)
  3. a chick, a young bird: see the reading hiyoko below

PrefixEdit

‎(hiragana ひな, romaji hina)

  1. diminutive prefix, carrying favorable connotations such as a sense of cuteness
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ひいな
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

/hihina//hiːna/

Possibly an alteration of reduplicated hinahina.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ひいな, romaji hīna, historical hiragana ひひな)

  1. (archaic) doll
Usage notesEdit

This reading with the long ī is archaic. In modern Japanese, the shorter reading hina is more common for this sense.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

(hiyoko): A baby chicken (chick), Gallus gallus domesticus
Kanji in this term
ひよこ
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

Compound of ひよ ‎(hiyo, onomatopoeia for the sound a chick makes) +‎ ‎(ko, diminutive suffix).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ひよこ, romaji hiyoko)

  1. chick, young bird
  2. child; youngling, greenhorn
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
ひよっこ
Jinmeiyō
kun'yomi

/hijoko//hijokko/

Alteration of hiyoko above. The geminate kk sound emphasizes the diminutiveness.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ひよっこ, romaji hiyokko)

  1. a chick, a young bird
  2. a child; a youngling, a greenhorn

Etymology 5Edit

Kanji in this term
すう
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

Middle Chinese. Most reconstructions of the original Middle Chinese reading start with an affricate, so this Japanese reading may have come from a dialect; compare Hakka reading ts'u1.

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

‎(hiragana すう, romaji )

  1. young, new, a greenhorn
Usage notesEdit

Only used in compounds.

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(chu) (hangeul , revised chu, McCune-Reischauer ch'u, Yale chwu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(sồ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
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