See also: Patent

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

 
An 1855 reprint of the Scottish inventor James Watt’s 1769 patent (sense 1.2.2) for the separate condenser – a device to lessen the consumption of steam in steam engines.

Etymology 1Edit

The noun is derived from Middle English patent (document granting an office, property, right, title, etc.; document granting permission, licence; papal indulgence, pardon) [and other forms],[3] which is either:[4]

For the derivation of Anglo-Norman and Middle French patente (adjective) in lettre patente, see etymology 2 below.

The verb is derived from the noun.[5]

NounEdit

patent (countable and uncountable, plural patents)

  1. (law)
    1. An official document granting an appointment, privilege, or right, or some property or title; letters patent.
    2. (specifically)
      1. (originally) A grant of a monopoly over the manufacture, sale, and use of goods.
      2. A declaration issued by a government agency that the inventor of a new invention has the sole privilege of making, selling, or using the claimed invention for a specified period.
        • 2013 June 8, “Obama goes troll-hunting”, in The Economist[1], volume 407, number 8839, London: Economist Group, ISSN 0013-0613, OCLC 805074337, archived from the original on 26 March 2019, page 55:
          The solitary, lumbering trolls of Scandinavian mythology would sometimes be turned to stone by exposure to sunlight. Barack Obama is hoping that several measures announced on June 4th will have a similarly paralysing effect on their modern incarnation, the patent troll.
    3. (US, historical) A specific grant of ownership of a piece of real property; a land patent.
  2. (by extension) A product in respect of which a patent (sense 1.2.2) has been obtained.
  3. (uncountable) Short for patent leather (a varnished, high-gloss leather typically used for accessories and shoes).
  4. (figuratively)
    1. A licence or (formal) permission to do something.
    2. A characteristic or quality that one possesses; in particular (hyperbolic) as if exclusively; a monopoly.
  5. (gambling) The combination of seven bets on three selections, offering a return even if only one bet comes in.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

patent (third-person singular simple present patents, present participle patenting, simple past and past participle patented)

  1. (transitive, law)
    1. To (successfully) register (a new invention) with a government agency to obtain the sole privilege of its manufacture, sale, and use for a specified period.
      • 2013 June 21, Karen McVeigh, “US Rules Human Genes Can’t be Patented”, in The Guardian Weekly[2], volume 189, number 2, London: Guardian News & Media, ISSN 0959-3608, OCLC 1060180436, page 10:
        The US supreme court has ruled unanimously that natural human genes cannot be patented, a decision that scientists and civil rights campaigners said removed a major barrier to patient care and medical innovation.
    2. (US, historical) To obtain (over a piece of real property) a specific grant of ownership.
  2. (transitive, figuratively) To be closely associated or identified with (something); to monopolize.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English patent, patente (wide open; clear, unobstructed; unlimited; of a document: available for public inspection) [and other forms],[6] from Anglo-Norman and Middle French patent (modern French patent), and directly from their etymon Latin patēns (open; accessible, passable; evident, manifest; exposed, vulnerable), the present active participle of pateō (to be open; to be accessible, attainable; to be exposed, vulnerable; of frontiers or land: to extent, increase), from Proto-Indo-European *peth₂- (to spread out; to fly).[1]

AdjectiveEdit

patent (comparative more patent, superlative most patent)

  1. Conspicuous; open; unconcealed.
    Synonym: overt
    • 1856, John Lothrop Motley, “Sowing the Wind”, in The Rise of the Dutch Republic. A History. [], volume I, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, [], OCLC 1138660207, part II (Administration of the Duchess Margaret. 1559–1567.), page 240:
      At the departure of Philip he had received instructions, both patent and secret, for his guidance as stadholder of Holland, Friesland, and Utrecht.
    1. (baking) Of flour: fine, and consisting mostly of the inner part of the endosperm of the grain from which it is milled.
    2. (medicine) Open, unobstructed; specifically, especially of the ductus arteriosus or foramen ovale in the heart, having not closed as would have happened in normal development.
      She has a patent ductus arteriosus that will require surgery to close.
    3. (medicine, veterinary medicine) Of an infection: in the phase when the organism causing it can be detected by clinical tests.
  2. Explicit and obvious.
    Synonyms: express, monosemous, unambiguous; see also Thesaurus:explicit, Thesaurus:obvious
    Those claims are patent nonsense.
    • 1916 March, “The Reconciliation of Government with Liberty. By John W[illiam] Burgess, Ph.D., Ju.D., LL.D. Scribner & Sons, New York. 1915. Pp. 410. [book review]”, in The Ecclesiastical Review: A Monthly Publication for the Clergy, volume IV (6th Series; volume LIV overall), number 3, Philadelphia, Pa.: American Ecclesiastical Review; The Dolphin Press, ISSN 0271-6836, OCLC 718545999, pages 373–374:
      Again we read at page 174: “Instead of the Universal Roman Catholic Church there existed after 1650 the National Catholic Churches of Spain, France, Austria, Poland, etc. more subject to the Royal supremacy than to the Papal, not, however, so completely as in England.” This is obviously an exaggeration. There never existed in the countries mentioned, least of all in Spain, any National Catholic Church. There would not have existed any such contradictorially-named organization even in England had it not been for the lechery of Henry VIII. Other similar misstatements might be noticed here and there. The author's intention, however, to be just is patent and his success in this respect is noteworthy.
  3. (archaic)
    1. Especially of a document conferring some privilege or right: open to public perusal or use.
      letters patent
    2. Appointed or conferred by letters patent.
  4. (botany) Of a branch, leaf, etc.: outspread; also, spreading at right angles to the axis.
  5. (law) Protected by a legal patent.
    Synonym: patented
    a patent right    patent medicines
    • 1707, J[ohn] Mortimer, “Of Madder”, in The Whole Art of Husbandry; or, The Way of Managing and Improving of Land. [], 2nd edition, London: [] J[ohn] H[umphreys] for H[enry] Mortlock [], and J[onathan] Robinson [], published 1708, OCLC 13320837, book V, page 125:
      Madder is eſteemed a very rich Commodity, and what will turn to good profit; ſo that in King Charles I's Time it was made a Patent Commodity.
    • 1824 March 26, [Lord Byron], Don Juan. Cantos XV. and XVI., London: [] [C. H. Reynell] for John and H[enry] L[eigh] Hunt, [], OCLC 560104685, canto XVI, stanza XXVI, page 74:
      [H]e took up an old newspaper; / The paper was right easy to peruse; / He read an article the king attacking, / And a long eulogy of "Patent Blacking."
    • 1836 March – 1837 October, Charles Dickens, “Is Wholly Devoted to a Full and Faithful Report of the Memorable Trial of Bardell against Pickwick”, in The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club, London: Chapman and Hall, [], published 1837, OCLC 28228280, page 368:
      "Yes, I have a pair of eyes," replied Sam, "and that's just it. If they wos a pair o' patent double million magnifyin' gas microscopes of hextra power, p'raps I might be able to see through a flight o' stairs and a deal door; but bein' only eyes you see, my wision's limited."
    • 1853, Pisistratus Caxton [pseudonym; Edward Bulwer-Lytton], chapter III, in “My Novel”; Or Varieties in English Life [], volume I, Edinburgh; London: William Blackwood and Sons, OCLC 457185834, book second, page 103:
      There, were also a small mouse-trap; a patent corkscrew, too good to be used in common; fragments of a silver tea-spoon, that had, by natural decay, arrived at a dissolution of its parts; []
  6. (by extension, figuratively) To which someone has, or seems to have, a claim or an exclusive claim; also, inventive or particularly suited for.
    • 1836 March – 1837 October, Charles Dickens, “How Mr. Winkle, when He Stepped Out of the Frying-pan, Walked Gently and Comfortably into the Fire”, in The Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club, London: Chapman and Hall, [], published 1837, OCLC 28228280, page 405:
      ["]Ben, my fine fellow, put your hand into the cupboard, and bring out the patent digester." Mr. Benjamin Allen smiled his readiness, and produced from the closet at his elbow a black bottle half full of brandy.
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 patent, adj.”, in OED Online  , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, December 2020; “patent, adj.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  2. ^ patent” in Stuart Berg Flexner, editor in chief, Random House Unabridged Dictionary, 2nd rev. and updated edition, New York, N.Y.: Random House, 1993, →ISBN; reproduced on Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
  3. ^ patent(e, n.(1)”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.
  4. ^ patent, n.”, in OED Online  , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, March 2021; “patent, n.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  5. ^ patent, v.”, in OED Online  , Oxford, Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press, April 2020; “patent, v.”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–present.
  6. ^ patent(e, adj.”, in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007.

Further readingEdit

AnagramsEdit


CatalanEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

patent m (plural patents)

  1. patent

CzechEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

patent m

  1. patent (declaration issued by a government to an inventor)

Derived termsEdit


DanishEdit

NounEdit

patent n (singular definite patentet, plural indefinite patenter)

  1. patent

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


DutchEdit

 
Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Borrowed from Middle French patente, from lettres patentes (letter in which a privilege is granted), from Latin litterae patentes.

NounEdit

patent n (plural patenten, diminutive patentje n)

  1. patent [from 16th c.]
    Synonym: octrooi
Derived termsEdit
DescendantsEdit
  • Indonesian: paten
  • Papiamentu: patènt

Etymology 2Edit

Borrowed from German patent, originating in student slang. Related to etymology 1.

AdjectiveEdit

patent (comparative patenter, superlative patentst)

  1. excellent, exquisite [from mid 19th c.]
    Synonyms: geweldig, voortreffelijk
InflectionEdit
Inflection of patent
uninflected patent
inflected patente
comparative patenter
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial patent patenter het patentst
het patentste
indefinite m./f. sing. patente patentere patentste
n. sing. patent patenter patentste
plural patente patentere patentste
definite patente patentere patentste
partitive patents patenters

GermanEdit

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

patent (comparative patenter, superlative am patentesten)

  1. clever
  2. ingenious

DeclensionEdit

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

patent

  1. third-person plural present active indicative of pateō

Middle EnglishEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From a short form of lettres patentes, from Anglo-Norman lettre patente (open letter), from Latin littera patens.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /paˈtɛnt/, /ˈpatɛnt/

NounEdit

patent (plural patentes)

  1. A letter conferring a privilege or status.
  2. Such a privilege or status conferred.
  3. (rare) A letter conferring other advantages.
DescendantsEdit
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle French patent, from Old French, from Latin patēns.

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /paˈtɛnt/, /ˈpatɛnt/

AdjectiveEdit

patent

  1. (rare) open, unconfined, unrestricted
DescendantsEdit
ReferencesEdit

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

patent

  1. Alternative form of patene

Norwegian BokmålEdit

 
Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

EtymologyEdit

Short form of Anglo-Norman lettre patente.

NounEdit

patent n (definite singular patentet, indefinite plural patent or patenter, definite plural patenta or patentene)

  1. patent

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit


Norwegian NynorskEdit

 
Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

EtymologyEdit

Short form of Anglo-Norman lettre patente.

NounEdit

patent n (definite singular patentet, indefinite plural patent, definite plural patenta)

  1. patent

ReferencesEdit


PolishEdit

 
Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

EtymologyEdit

From French patente, from Latin patēns.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

patent m inan

  1. patent (official declaration that someone is the inventor of something)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit

  • patent in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • patent in Polish dictionaries at PWN

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French patent.

AdjectiveEdit

patent m or n (feminine singular patentă, masculine plural patenți, feminine and neuter plural patente)

  1. patent

DeclensionEdit


Serbo-CroatianEdit

 
Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia sh

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /pǎtent/
  • Hyphenation: pa‧tent

NounEdit

pàtent m (Cyrillic spelling па̀тент)

  1. patent (official declaration that someone is the inventor of something)

DeclensionEdit


SwedishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

patent n

  1. patent

DeclensionEdit

Declension of patent 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative patent patentet patent patenten
Genitive patents patentets patents patentens

Related termsEdit

AnagramsEdit