From cursive man'yōgana 江. Became obsolete for representing ye in the mid-Heian period when ye merged with e in spoken Japanese; later resurrected by linguists in the Edo period for representation of Old and Early Classical Japanese.
- (obsolete) The hentaigana syllable ye or e.
- (obsolete) The hiragana syllable 𛀁 (ye). Its equivalent in katakana is エ (ye) or (ye).
- 𛀁 and 𛀀 are used to represent the Japanese language before the mid-10th century, in which /e/ and /je/ were different phonemes.
/e/ /je/ hiragana え 𛀁 katakana 𛀀 エ [or ]
- In modern Japanese, old /e/ and /je/ both evolved into /e/, and are both written as え in hiragana and エ in katakana. Later reintroduction of the sound /je/ is written as いぇ in hiragana and イェ in katakana. Retrospective discussion of /je/ in Old and Early Classical Japanese (prior to the mid-Heian period merger with /e/) uses 𛀁 in hiragana and in katakana (the latter invented for this purpose during the Meiji period to prevent confusion with the modern use of エ to represent /e/ rather than its ancient sound value of /je/).
𛀁 (romaji ye)
- (obsolete) Identical in meaning to the particle へ, but used only after pronunciations of え, 𛀁, and ゑ. (Can we verify(+) this sense?)
|The Hiragana script|
- irrealis of
- continuative of