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U+6A6B, 橫
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6A6B

[U+6A6A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6A6C]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 木廿一金 (DTMC) or X木廿一金 (XDTMC), four-corner 44986, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 555, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15594
  • Dae Jaweon: page 944, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: not present, would follow volume 2, page 1288, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+6A6B

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kʷaːŋ
*kʷaːŋʔ
*kʷaːŋʔ, *qʰʷaːŋ
*kʰʷaːŋʔ, *kʰaːŋʔ
*kʰʷaːŋʔ, *kʰʷaːŋs, *qʰʷaːŋʔ
*kʰʷaːŋs
*kʰʷaːŋs
*kʰʷaːŋs
*kʰʷaːŋs
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ, *ɡʷaːŋs
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋ
*ɡʷaːŋʔ
*ɡʷlaːŋs, *kʰʷaːɡ
*qʷaːŋʔ
*kʷaŋʔ, *kʷraːŋʔ
*kʷraːŋ
*kʷraːŋʔ
*kʷraːŋʔ
*kʷraːŋʔ
*ɡʷraːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋs, *kʷaːŋ
*ɡʷraːŋ
*ɡʷraːŋ
*qʰʷraːŋ
*kʷaːɡ, *qʰʷaːɡ
*kʷaːɡ, *qʰʷaːɡ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ɡʷraːŋ, *ɡʷraːŋs, *kʷaːŋ): semantic  (wood) + phonetic  (OC *ɡʷaːŋ).

EtymologyEdit

“crosswise > door rail; side; cross-grained; unrestrained”

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • huan3 - vernacular;
  • hun2 - literary.
  • Cantonese
  • Hakka
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • hèng - used in idioms for the sense “unrestrained; reckless”.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hoâiⁿ/hûiⁿ/hôaⁿ - vernacular;
    • hêng/hn̂g - literary.
  • Wu
  • Note: 1uan - variant.

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 橫 (豎)
    Mandarin Beijing /xəŋ³⁵/
    Harbin /xəŋ²⁴/
    Tianjin /xəŋ⁴⁵/
    Jinan /xəŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /xəŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /xəŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /xuŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /xuə̃²⁴/
    Yinchuan /xuŋ⁵³/
    /xəŋ⁵³/
    Lanzhou /xũn¹³/
    Ürümqi /xɤŋ⁵¹/
    /xuŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /xuən²¹³/
    Chengdu /xuən³¹/
    Guiyang /xuan²¹/
    /xen²¹/
    Kunming /xuə̃³¹/
    Nanjing /xun²⁴/
    Hefei /xʊ̃⁵⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /xəŋ¹¹/
    Pingyao /xəŋ¹³/
    /ɕye̞¹³/
    Hohhot /xə̃ŋ³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦuɑ̃²³/
    Suzhou /ɦuã¹³/
    Hangzhou /ɦuɑŋ²¹³/
    Wenzhou /viɛ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /uɛ⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /uɛ⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /fən¹³/
    /uan¹¹/
    Xiangtan /ɸən¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /uɑŋ⁴⁵/
    /fɛn⁴⁵/ ~峰縣
    Hakka Meixian /vaŋ¹¹/
    Taoyuan /vɑŋ¹¹/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /waŋ²¹/
    Nanning /waŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /waŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiŋ³⁵/
    /huãi³⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /huaŋ⁵³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xuaŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /huẽ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔŋ³¹/
    /hue³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (110)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦˠwæŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷᵚaŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣuaŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦwaɨjŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣuɐŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣwɐŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣwɐŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    hóng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    héng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ hwæng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*C.ɡʷˤraŋ/
    English crosswise; horizontal

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    No. 5399
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡʷraːŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. middle rail of a wooden door; crosspiece
    2. to lie crossways; to be situated crosswise; to be horizontal
    3. to move crosswise; to cross; to traverse; to stretch across
    4. to cut crosswise; to intercept transversely
    5. to hold crosswise; to put something horizontally; to wear across
    6. crosswise; horizontal; transverse; across; east-west
    7. (historical) Horizontal Alliance, i.e. states during the Warring States period in Chinese history which ally with Qin to participate in its ascendancy
    8. side; nearby; something situated sideways
    9. to cast a sidelong glance at; to look sideways
    10. to brim with; to be brimming with; to fill; to be found all over
    11. to place over; to cover
    12. broad; vast; wide; extensive
    13. to crisscross; to interlock; to intersect; to be mixed together
    14. not listening to reason; unreasonable; unrestrained; outrageous
    15. (Chinese calligraphy) horizontal stroke ()
    16. (historical) Alternative form of (héng, “supervisor; picket”).
    17. (historical) Alternative form of (hóng, “school”).
    18. ancient placename in modern-day Shangqiu city in Henan province of China
    19. (Beijing Mandarin, Jilu Mandarin) probably; presumably; perhaps; maybe
    20. (Beijing Mandarin, dialectal Wu) anyway; anyhow; in any case
    21. A surname​.
    Coordinate termsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit



    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location 橫 (蠻)
    Mandarin Beijing /xəŋ⁵¹/
    Harbin /xəŋ⁵³/
    Tianjin /xəŋ⁵³/
    Jinan /xəŋ²¹/
    Qingdao /xəŋ⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /xəŋ³¹²/
    Xi'an /xuŋ⁴⁴/
    Xining /xuə̃⁵³/
    Yinchuan /xuŋ¹³/
    /xəŋ¹³/
    Lanzhou /xũn¹³/
    Ürümqi /xɤŋ⁵¹/
    /xuŋ²¹³/
    Wuhan /xuən²¹³/
    Chengdu /xuən³¹/
    Guiyang /xuen²¹/
    Kunming /xuə̃¹/
    Nanjing /xən⁴⁴/
    Hefei /xən⁵³/
    Jin Taiyuan /xəŋ⁴⁵/
    Pingyao /xəŋ³⁵/
    Hohhot /xə̃ŋ⁵⁵/
    Wu Shanghai /ɦuɑ̃²³/
    Suzhou /ɦuã³¹/
    Hangzhou /ʔuɑŋ³³/
    Wenzhou /viɛ³¹/
    Hui Shexian /uɛ⁴⁴/
    Tunxi /xuɛ⁴⁴/
    Xiang Changsha /fən¹³/
    Xiangtan /ɸən¹²/
    Gan Nanchang /fɛn²¹/ ~財
    Hakka Meixian /vaŋ⁵³/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /waŋ²²/
    /waŋ²¹/
    Nanning /waŋ²¹/
    Hong Kong /waŋ²¹/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiŋ²²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /haiŋ²⁴²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xuaŋ³³/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /huẽ⁵⁵/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /hɔŋ⁵⁵/
    /hue³¹/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    Initial () (33)
    Final () (110)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɦˠwæŋH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɦʷᵚaŋH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɣuaŋH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɦwaɨjŋH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɣuɐŋH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɣwɐŋH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɣwɐŋH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    hòng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/3
    No. 5402
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ɡʷraːŋs/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. perverse and violent; unrestrained and aggressive; brutal and unreasonable; cross-grained
    2. unrestrainedly; turbulently; intrusively and violently
    3. in vain; wastefully
    4. sudden (and catastrophic); unexpected; unpredicted
    5. additional; supplementary; extra; extraneous
    6. contingency; mishap; misfortune; accident

    CompoundsEdit

    Pronunciation 3Edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3
    Initial () (28)
    Final () (102)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Closed
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kwɑŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʷɑŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kuɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kwaŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /kuɑŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /kuɑŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kwɑŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    guāng
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 3/3
    No. 5366
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʷaːŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of (guāng, “light”).
    2. (~門) (historical) a gate of Chang'an City

    Pronunciation 4Edit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of (guāng, “reel thread on a revolving frame”).

    Pronunciation 5Edit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of (“a kind of grass”).

    Pronunciation 6Edit


    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Alternative form of (“a kind of tool”).

    JapaneseEdit

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (hoeng) (hangeul )

    1. across
    2. horizontal, lateral

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (hoành, hoàng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.