Last modified on 6 January 2015, at 13:12

經濟

See also: 経済

ChineseEdit

 
classics; sacred book; pass through; to undergo; scripture
aid; ferry; frugal
trad. (經濟)
simp. (经济)
Short for 經世濟民经世济民 ("govern and benefit the people").

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (經濟, reconstructed)
Character (經), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 青
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古靈切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/keŋ/ /kieŋ/ /keŋ/ /keŋ/ /kɛjŋ/ /kieŋ/ /kɛŋ/
Character (經), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 青
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 古定切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/keŋH/ /kieŋH/ /keŋH/ /keŋH/ /kɛjŋH/ /kieŋH/ /kɛŋH/
Character (濟), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 齊
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 子禮切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡seiX/ /t͡sieiX/ /t͡seiX/ /t͡seiX/ /t͡sɛjX/ /t͡sieiX/ /t͡sɛiX/
Character (濟), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 齊
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 子計切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡seiH/ /t͡sieiH/ /t͡seiH/ /t͡seiH/ /t͡sɛjH/ /t͡sieiH/ /t͡sɛiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (經濟, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jīng ‹ keng › /*k-lˤeŋ/ loom; regulate; norm
‹ tsejX › /*[ts]ˤ[i]jʔ/ numerous
‹ tsejX › /*[ts]ˤəjʔ/ stately
‹ tsejX › /*[ts]ˤəjʔ/ [river name]
‹ tsejH › /*[ts]ˤ[i]j(ʔ)-s/ cross a stream; rescue
‹ tsejH › /*[ts]ˤ[i]j(ʔ)-s/ stop

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6799 0 /*keːŋ/
6807 0 /*keːŋs/
10043 1 /*ʔsliːlʔ/
10048 1 /*ʔsliːls/

NounEdit

經濟

  1. economy; finance
  2. economics

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (經濟):


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
けい
Hyōgaiji
さ > ざい
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

NounEdit

經濟 (kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 経済, hiragana けいざい, romaji keizai)

  1. economy

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this word

NounEdit

經濟 (gyeongje) (hangeul 경제)

  1. Hanja form? of 경제, “economy”.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

經濟

  1. Hán tự form of kinh tế, "to economize"