經濟

See also: 経済 and 经济

Contents

ChineseEdit

 
classics; sacred book; pass through; to undergo; scripture
aid; ferry; frugal
trad. (經濟)
simp. (经济)
Short for 經世濟民经世济民 (“govern and benefit the people”).
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EtymologyEdit

Wasei kango (和製漢語), from Japanese  (けい) (ざい) ‎(keizai, economy), semantically readapted from Chinese 經濟经济 (“govern and benefit the people”).

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (經濟, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (28)
Final: (125)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jīng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/keŋ/ /keŋ/ /kɛŋ/ /kɛjŋ/ /keŋ/ /kieŋ/ /kieŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (28)
Final: (125)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jìng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/keŋH/ /keŋH/ /kɛŋH/ /kɛjŋH/ /keŋH/ /kieŋH/ /kieŋH/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (13)
Final: (39)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jǐ
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡seiX/ /t͡seiX/ /t͡sɛiX/ /t͡sɛjX/ /t͡seiX/ /t͡sieiX/ /t͡sieiX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (13)
Final: (39)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jì
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡seiH/ /t͡seiH/ /t͡sɛiH/ /t͡sɛjH/ /t͡seiH/ /t͡sieiH/ /t͡sieiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (經濟, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jīng ‹ keng › /*k-lˤeŋ/ loom; regulate; norm
‹ tsejX › /*[ts]ˤ[i]jʔ/ numerous
‹ tsejX › /*[ts]ˤəjʔ/ stately
‹ tsejX › /*[ts]ˤəjʔ/ [river name]
‹ tsejH › /*[ts]ˤ[i]j(ʔ)-s/ cross a stream; rescue
‹ tsejH › /*[ts]ˤ[i]j(ʔ)-s/ stop

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6799 0 /*keːŋ/
6807 0 /*keːŋs/
10043 1 /*ʔsliːlʔ/
10048 1 /*ʔsliːls/

NounEdit

經濟

  1. economy; finance
    社會經濟發展 / 社会经济发展  ―  shèhuì jīngjì fāzhǎn  ―  socio-economic development
  2. economics
  3. financial condition; finances

AdjectiveEdit

經濟

  1. of economic value
  2. economical (saving money or resources); thrifty

Derived termsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
けい
Hyōgaiji
ざい
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

NounEdit

經濟 ‎(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 経済, hiragana けいざい, romaji keizai)

  1. Kyūjitai spelling of 経済 ‎(economy)

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

經濟 ‎(gyeongje, McCune-Reischauer: kyŏngje, Yale: kyengcey) ‎(hangeul 경제)

  1. Hanja form? of 경제, “economy”.

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

NounEdit

經濟

  1. Hán tự form of kinh tế, "economy"
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