TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  ‎(dust)

Han characterEdit

(radical 32 +14, 17 strokes, cangjie input 一大土 (MKG), four-corner 71214, composition)

  1. press
  2. oppress
  3. crush
  4. pressure

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 241, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5557
  • Dae Jaweon: page 480, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 495, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+58D3

ChineseEdit

-
trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (壓), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 狎
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 烏甲切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɣap̚/ /ʔap̚/ /ʔap̚/ /ʔɯap̚/ /ʔaɨp̚/ /ap̚/ /ʔap̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ ʔæp › /*ʔˤrep/ press down

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14430 2 /*qreːb/

VerbEdit

  1. to press down on; to compress something

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(ap) (hangeul , revised ap, McCune-Reischauer ap)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(áp, ếm)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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