U+793E, 社
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-793E

[U+793D]
CJK Unified Ideographs 礿
[U+793F]

U+FA4C, 社
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-FA4C

[U+FA4B]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+FA4D]
U+3293, ㊓
CIRCLED IDEOGRAPH SOCIETY

[U+3292]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+3294]

Translingual

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Stroke order
 

Han character

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(Kangxi radical 113, +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 戈火土 (IFG), four-corner 34210, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 839, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24631
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1257, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2386, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+793E

Chinese

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simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Qin slip script Ancient script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
           

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意) : (god; deity) + (soil)

Etymology

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Probably related to (OC *l̥ʰaːʔ, “earth, soil”); Takashima (2004) considers them an etymological doublet.

Pronunciation

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  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂɤ⁵¹/
Harbin /ʂɤ⁵³/
Tianjin /ʂɤ⁵³/
/sɤ⁵³/
Jinan /ʂə²¹/
Qingdao /ʃə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩ɛ³¹²/
Xi'an /ʂɤ⁴⁴/
Xining /ʂɛ²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʂə¹³/
Lanzhou /ʂə¹³/
Ürümqi /ʂɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /sɤ³⁵/
Chengdu /se¹³/
Guiyang /t͡se²¹³/
Kunming /ʂə²¹²/
Nanjing /ʂae⁴⁴/
/ʂe⁴⁴/
Hefei /ʂe⁵³/
Jin Taiyuan /sɤ⁴⁵/
Pingyao /ʂʐ̩e̞³⁵/
Hohhot /sɤ⁵⁵/
Wu Shanghai /zo²³/
Suzhou /zo³¹/
Hangzhou /zz̩ʷei¹³/
Wenzhou /zei³⁵/
Hui Shexian /ɕie³⁵/
/ɕia³⁵/
Tunxi /ɕia²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ʂə⁵⁵/
Xiangtan /ʂe⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /sɑ²¹/
Hakka Meixian /sa⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /ʃɑ⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /sɛ²³/
Nanning /sɛ²⁴/
Hong Kong /sɛ¹³/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /sia²²/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /sia²⁴²/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /ia⁴²/
Shantou (Teochew) /sia³⁵/
Haikou (Hainanese) /te³³/
/se³⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (25)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter dzyaeX
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiaX/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiaX/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiaX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiaX/
Li
Rong
/ʑiaX/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭaX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯aX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shè
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
se6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shè
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyæX ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-tʰAʔ/
English sacrifice to the spirit of the soil

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12497
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦljaːʔ/

Definitions

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  1. (historical) god of the soil
  2. (historical) altar for offering sacrifices to the god of the soil
  3. (historical) festival for offering sacrifices to the god of the soil
      ―  chūnshè  ―  (please add an English translation of this usage example)
  4. (historical) to offer sacrifices to the god of the soil
  5. (historical) an ancient grass-root administrative unit
  6. organized body; society; association
      ―  jiéshè  ―  to form an association
      ―  bàoshè  ―  newspaper publisher; newspaper office
  7. agency (used for certain agencies that provide services)
    旅行  ―  lǚxíngshè  ―  travel agency
  8. a surname: She
  9. (in Vietnam) commune (third level division along with wards and commune-level towns)

Compounds

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Descendants

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Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: (しゃ) (sha)
  • Korean: 사(社) (sa)
  • Vietnamese: ()

Japanese

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Shinjitai
Kyūjitai
[1]


&#xFA4C;
or
+&#xFE00;?
 
社󠄁
+&#xE0101;?
(Adobe-Japan1)
社󠄃
+&#xE0103;?
(Hanyo-Denshi)
(Moji_Joho)
The displayed kanji may be different from the image due to your environment.
See here for details.

Kanji

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(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

Readings

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Compounds

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Etymology 1

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Kanji in this term
しゃ
Grade: 2
kan’on
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

From Middle Chinese (MC dzyaeX).

Pronunciation

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Suffix

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(しゃ) (-sha

  1. Short for 会社 (kaisha): company, co.
    (まい)(にちしん)(ぶん)(しゃ)Mainichi Shinbun-shaThe Mainichi Newspapers [Company]
    Note: when in parentheses, it is an abbreviation of 社団法人 (shadan hōjin), a type of incorporated association.
  2. (historical, Taiwan under Japanese rule, specifically) aboriginal settlement
    Coordinate term: (shō, Han settlement)
Coordinate terms
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Etymology 2

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Kanji in this term
やしろ
Grade: 2
kun’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
やしろ
[noun] (Shinto) a shrine
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

References

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  1. ^ ”, in 漢字ぺディア [Kanjipedia]‎[1] (in Japanese), The Japan Kanji Aptitude Testing Foundation, 2015–2024
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean

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Etymology

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From Middle Chinese (MC dzyaeX).

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 썅〯 (Yale: ssyǎ)
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss (hun) Reading
Sinjeung Yuhap, 1576 샤직 (Yale: syacik) (Yale: sya)

Pronunciation

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Hanja

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Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 모일 (moil sa))

  1. Hanja form? of (company). [noun]
  2. Hanja form? of (social). [affix]

Compounds

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References

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  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese

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Han character

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: Hán Nôm readings:

  1. rural commune (administrative subdivision of Vietnam)

Compounds

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