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U+9905, 餅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9905

[U+9904]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9906]
See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 184 +8, 17 strokes, cangjie input 人戈廿廿 (OITT), four-corner 88741, composition(GHTV) or ⿰𩙿(JK))

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1419, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44133
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1943, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4453, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9905

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*bi
*beːn
*beːn
骿 *beːn
軿 *beːn, *beːŋ
*beːn
*preŋs, *beːn
*pʰreŋ
*breŋʔ, *beːŋʔ, *biɡ
*preːŋ
*preːŋ
*preːŋs
*pʰreːŋ, *pʰeːŋ
*pʰreːŋʔ
*breːŋʔ, *breːŋs, *peŋʔ, *peŋs, *beːŋʔ
*peŋ, *peŋs
*peŋ
*peŋ, *peŋʔ, *beːŋ
*peŋ, *beːŋ
*peŋʔ
*peŋʔ
*peŋs
*beŋs
*beŋs
*pʰeːŋ
*pʰeːŋ, *pʰeːŋʔ
*pʰeːŋ, *beːŋ
*beːŋ
*beːŋ
*beːŋ
*beːŋ
*beːŋ
*beːŋ
*beːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *peŋʔ): semantic  (food) + phonetic  (as in ); phonetic component now simplified to .

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • biāng - noun;
  • piāng - classifier.
Note:
  • piáⁿ - vernacular;
  • péng - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (1)
Final () (121)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/piᴇŋX/
Pan
Wuyun
/piɛŋX/
Shao
Rongfen
/piæŋX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/piajŋX/
Li
Rong
/piɛŋX/
Wang
Li
/pĭɛŋX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/pi̯ɛŋX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
bǐng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
bǐng
Middle
Chinese
‹ pjiengX ›
Old
Chinese
/*peŋʔ/
English cake

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 934
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*peŋʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. pastry; biscuit; cookie
    /   ―  yuèbǐng  ―  mooncake
    曲奇 / 曲奇  ―  qūqíbǐng  ―  cookie
  2. any round and flat pancake-like object
    /   ―  ròubǐng  ―  meat patty
  3. (Cantonese) Classifier for video cassettes.
  4. (Min Dong) Classifier for pastry or flat objects.

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Khmer: បាញ់ (banh, cake, pastry)
  • Lao: ແປ້ງ (pǣng, flour; starch; powder)
  • Thai: แป้ง (bpɛ̂ɛng, powder; flour; starch)
  • Vietnamese: bánh (pastry; cake; bread)

JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

ReadingsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
かちん
Grade: S
kun'yomi
Kanji in this term
あも
Grade: S
kun'yomi
Kanji in this term
もちい
Grade: S
kun'yomi
Kanji in this term
もち
Grade: S
kun'yomi
  on Japanese Wikipedia
 mochi on Wikipedia
  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana もち, katakana モチ, rōmaji mochi)
(alternative reading hiragana もちい, romaji mochī, historical hiragana もちひ)
(alternative reading hiragana あも, romaji amo)
(alternative reading hiragana かちん, romaji kachin)

  1. a mochi
    • 1996 February 20, Adachi, Mitsuru, “テイク・オフ [Take Off]”, in ショート・プログラム [Short Program], volume 1 (fiction, in Japanese), 25th edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-121881-4, page 107:
       () (ぶん) () (ぶん) (こう) (どう) (じょう) (けん)をつけちゃうんだよ、この ()—— (たと)えば、 (まい) (とし) (はつ) (ゆき) ()るまでモチ ()わないとか、 (れい) (きゅう) (しゃ) (とお)るまで (みち) (わた)らないとか、ネコがあくびするまでコタツを ()ないとか。
      Jibun de jibun no kōdō ni jōken o tsukechaun da yo, kono ko—— Tatoeba, maitoshi hatsuyuki ga furu made mochi wa kuwanai toka, reikyūsha ga tōru made michi o wataranai toka, neko ga akubisuru made kotatsu o denai toka.
      She sets terms for every of her own actions—— Like, not eating mochi until the first snowfall of each year, not crossing the street until the hearse passes by, or not leaving the kotatsu until her cat yawns.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(byeong)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: byeong)
    • Name (hangeul): (revised: tteok)
  1. cake

VietnameseEdit

CharacterEdit

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

(bánh)

  1. pastry, cake, bread, dumpling, noodle, wafer, or pudding

ReferencesEdit