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See also:
U+55AC, 喬
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-55AC

[U+55AB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+55AD]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹大口月口 (HKRBR), four-corner 20227, composition ⿱⿵)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 200, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3990
  • Dae Jaweon: page 422, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 656, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+55AC

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms 𠳮
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Spring and Autumn Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*krew
*krew, *krewʔ, *ɡrew
*krew, *kʰrew
*krew
*krew, *ɡrew
*krew, *ɡrew
*krew, *ɡrew
*krew
*krew, *krewʔ
*krewʔ
*krewʔ
*krewʔ
*krewʔ, *ɡrew
*krewʔ, *kʰews
*krewʔ, *kʰew, *ɡrew, *kewɢ, *ɡewɢ
*kʰew
*kʰrew
*kʰrew, *ɡrew
*ɡew
*ɡrew
*ɡrew
*ɡrew
*ɡrew, *qʰrew
*ɡrew, *ɡrews
*ɡrews
*qʰrew
*kewɢ

Ideogram (指事) – a differentiated form (分化字) of (OC *kaːw, “high, tall”), with a differentiating marker, which was variously a stroke, , , , , or .

Based on the form, only attested starting from the Han dynasty (Chi, 2010), Shuowen erroneously interprets as a semantic component meaning “to bend” and treats the character as a phono-semantic compound (形聲).

EtymologyEdit

“tall; proud”
Cognate with (OC *krew, “to lift the head”), (OC *krew, “proud”), (OC *krewʔ, “to lift”), (OC *ɡrews, “peak”); (OC *kaːw, “high; tall”) and (OC *krewʔ, “martial; vigorous”) could be allofams (Schuessler, 2007).
Joel
From English Joel.

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (28) (30)
Final () (92) (92)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () Chongniu III Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiᴇu/ /ɡˠiᴇu/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚiɛu/ /ɡᵚiɛu/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiæu/ /ɡiæu/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kiaw/ /giaw/
Li
Rong
/kjɛu/ /ɡjɛu/
Wang
Li
/kĭɛu/ /ɡĭɛu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯ɛu/ /gi̯ɛu/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
jiāo qiáo
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
qiáo
Middle
Chinese
‹ gjew ›
Old
Chinese
/*[N-k](r)aw/
English high, tall

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 10332 10350
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*krew/ /*ɡrew/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. tall; lofty
  2. section on the shaft of a spear near the spearhead for hanging a feather
  3. to pretend; to feign
  4. (archaic, derogatory) bad; vile; crafty; fake; stupid; cowardly; useless
  5. (archaic) headstrong and easily angered
  6. Joel (English given name)
  7. A surname​.

Pronunciation 2Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Alternative form of (jiāo, “proud; arrogant”).

Pronunciation 3Edit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 喬詰乔诘.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): きょう (kyō), ぎょう (gyō)
  • Kun: たかい (takai)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gyo) (hangeul , revised gyo, McCune–Reischauer kyo)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(kiều)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.