Chinese edit

(ordinal prefix); ‑th; rank
 
one; single; a
one; single; a; (before verbs) as soon as, once; (before a noun) entire (family, etc.)
trad. (第一)
simp. #(第一)

Pronunciation edit


Note: dĭ - contraction.
Note: doin6 êg4 - Jieyang.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (7) (34)
Final () (39) (48)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV III
Fanqie
Baxter dejH 'jit
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/deiH/ /ʔiɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/deiH/ /ʔit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɛiH/ /ʔjet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dɛjH/ /ʔit̚/
Li
Rong
/deiH/ /ʔiĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/dieiH/ /ĭĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱieiH/ /ʔi̯ĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yi
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
dai6 jat1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ dejH › ‹ ʔjit ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l]ˁəjʔ-s/ /*ʔi[t]/
English sequence one

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 2298 14833
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*diːls/ /*qliɡ/
Notes

Noun edit

第一

  1. (literally, figuratively) first; 1st
    第一婚姻  ―  dìyī cì hūnyīn  ―  first marriage
    第一志願大學第一志愿大学  ―  dìyī zhìyuàn dàxué  ―  first-preference university
    世界第一經濟體 [MSC, trad.]
    世界第一经济体 [MSC, simp.]
    shìjiè dìyīdà jīngjìtǐ [Pinyin]
    world's biggest economy
    全球第一貿易國 [MSC, trad.]
    全球第一贸易国 [MSC, simp.]
    quánqiú dìyī dà màoyìguó [Pinyin]
    the largest trading nation in the world
    中國第一歷史檔案館 [MSC, trad.]
    中国第一历史档案馆 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhōngguó dìyī lìshǐ dàng'ànguǎn [Pinyin]
    the First Historical Archives of China
    每次面試第一廁所 [MSC, trad.]
    每次面试第一厕所 [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ měicì qù miànshì, dìyī jiàn shì shì zhǎo cèsuǒ. [Pinyin]
    Every time I go to an interview, the first thing I do is look for a toilet.
  2. number one; #1; first (in a test, competition, etc.)
    中國第一貪官中国第一贪官  ―  Zhōngguó dìyī dà tānguān  ―  the most corrupt official in Chinese history
    雖然第一但是一點驕傲 [MSC, trad.]
    虽然第一但是一点骄傲 [MSC, simp.]
    Wáng Xiùyīng suīrán kǎo le dìyī, dànshì tā yīdiǎn yě bù jiāo'ào. [Pinyin]
    Although Wang Xiuying scored first in the exam, she was not at all arrogant about it.

Derived terms edit

Descendants edit

Sino-Xenic (第一):

See also edit

Adverb edit

第一

  1. firstly
  2. being the most important consideration; being essential, or a priority; coming first
    安全第一  ―  ānquán dìyī  ―  safety comes first
  3. (Hakka, Sichuanese, Min) most

Synonyms edit

Japanese edit

Kanji in this term
だい
Grade: 3
いち
Grade: 1
goon

Etymology edit

From Middle Chinese 第一 (MC dejH 'jit). First attested in a text from 772.[1]

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(だい)(いち) (daiichi

  1. [from 772] first, foremost, number one
    Synonym: 随一 (zuiichi)

References edit

  1. ^ 第一”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja in this term

Noun edit

第一 (jeil) (hangeul 제일)

  1. Hanja form? of 제일 (number one; the first; the most).

Vietnamese edit

chữ Hán Nôm in this term

Noun edit

第一

  1. chữ Hán form of đệ nhất (the first).