Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 145 +4, 10 strokes, cangjie input 卜田一女 (YWMV), four-corner 00732)

  1. decline, decrease, wane
  2. falter, fail, fade
  3. weaken, wither

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1112, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 34127
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1577, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3076, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+8870

See alsoEdit


ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂuai⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʂuai⁴⁴/
/suai⁴⁴/
Tianjin /suai²¹/
Jinan /ʂuɛ²¹³/
Qingdao /ʂuɛ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʂuai²⁴/
Xi'an /fai²¹/
Xining /fɛ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂuɛ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /fɛ³¹/
Ürümqi /ʂuai⁴⁴/
/fai⁴⁴/
Wuhan /suai⁵⁵/
Chengdu /suai⁵⁵/
Guiyang /suai⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʂuæ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʂuae³¹/
Hefei /ʂue̞²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /suai¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰuæ¹³/
/suæ¹³/
Hohhot /suɛ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /se⁵³/
Suzhou /se̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /se̞³³/
Wenzhou /sai³³/
Hui Shexian /sɛ³¹/
Tunxi /so¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕyai³³/
Xiangtan /sai³³/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /soi⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /soi²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /søy⁵³/
Nanning /sui⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /søy⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sue⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /søy⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /so⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sue³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /suai²³/
/sɔi²³/ ~弱
/sue²³/ 倒霉
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (19)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰiuᴇ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰwie̯/ /t͡ʃʰiue/ /ʈ͡ʂʰʷiɛ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰwiə̆/ /t͡ʃʰǐwe/ /t͡ʃʰjuɛ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (21)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃiuɪ/ /ʂwi/ /ʃui/ /ʃʷi/ /ʂwi/ /ʃwi/ /ʃjuɪ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cuī ‹ tshwoj › /*[s.r̥ ]ˤruj/ mourning clothes
cuī ‹ tsrhjwe › /*[tsʰ]roj/ reduce
shuāi ‹ srwij › /*sruj/ diminish, decline

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11926 3 /*sʰrol/
11927 3 /*srul/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to grow weak; to decrease in strength
  2. (Min Nan) to have poor luck
  3. (Cantonese) (of situations, people, etc) detestable
    [Cantonese, trad. and simp.]
    Gam3 seoi1 gaa4! [Jyutping]
    That's awful!
  4. (Cantonese) (of people) displeasing; disagreeable; awful
    [Cantonese]  ―  seoi1 po4 [Jyutping]  ―  bitch
AntonymsEdit
  • (disagreeable): (hou2)
See alsoEdit
  • (to have poor luck): 倒霉 (dǎoméi)
  • (disagreeable): (jai5), (ok3)

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʂuai⁵⁵/
Harbin /ʂuai⁴⁴/
/suai⁴⁴/
Tianjin /suai²¹/
Jinan /ʂuɛ²¹³/
Qingdao /ʂuɛ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /ʂuai²⁴/
Xi'an /fai²¹/
Xining /fɛ⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʂuɛ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /fɛ³¹/
Ürümqi /ʂuai⁴⁴/
/fai⁴⁴/
Wuhan /suai⁵⁵/
Chengdu /suai⁵⁵/
Guiyang /suai⁵⁵/
Kunming /ʂuæ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /ʂuae³¹/
Hefei /ʂue̞²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /suai¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡sʰuæ¹³/
/suæ¹³/
Hohhot /suɛ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /se⁵³/
Suzhou /se̞⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /se̞³³/
Wenzhou /sai³³/
Hui Shexian /sɛ³¹/
Tunxi /so¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ɕyai³³/
Xiangtan /sai³³/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /soi⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /soi²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /søy⁵³/
Nanning /sui⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /søy⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sue⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /søy⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /so⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /sue³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /suai²³/
/sɔi²³/ ~弱
/sue²³/ 倒霉
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (19)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰiuᴇ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰwie̯/ /t͡ʃʰiue/ /ʈ͡ʂʰʷiɛ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰwiə̆/ /t͡ʃʰǐwe/ /t͡ʃʰjuɛ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (21)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃiuɪ/ /ʂwi/ /ʃui/ /ʃʷi/ /ʂwi/ /ʃwi/ /ʃjuɪ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cuī ‹ tshwoj › /*[s.r̥ ]ˤruj/ mourning clothes
cuī ‹ tsrhjwe › /*[tsʰ]roj/ reduce
shuāi ‹ srwij › /*sruj/ diminish, decline

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11926 3 /*sʰrol/
11927 3 /*srul/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. a type of mourning garment

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(soe, choe, sa) (hangeul , , , revised soe, choe, sa, McCune-Reischauer soe, ch'oe, sa, Yale soy, choy, sa)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(suy, thôi)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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