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Wiktionary:Word of the day/Archive/2016/December

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2016
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1Edit

 

Word of the day for December 1
snowdrop n
  1. Any of the 20 species of the genus Galanthus of the Amaryllidaceae, bulbous flowering plants, bearing a solitary, pendulous, white, bell-shaped flower that appears, depending on species, between autumn and late winter or early spring, all native to temperate Eurasia.
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2Edit

 

Word of the day for December 2
houndstooth n
  1. A two-colour fabric pattern of broken checks.
  2. Fabric with a houndstooth pattern; an item of clothing made with such fabric.

  Today is one of two National Mutt Days in the United States, a commemoration created by animal welfare advocate Colleen Paige to celebrate mixed breed dogs. (The other is July 31.)

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3Edit

 

Word of the day for December 3
telemark n
  1. (uncountable, skiing) Telemark skiing, a method of skiing using the telemark turn and a binding that only connects the boot to the ski at the toes.
  2. (countable, skiing) A telemark turn.
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4Edit

 

Word of the day for December 4
dude n
  1. (colloquial) A man, generally a younger man.
  2. (colloquial, used in the vocative) A term of address for a teenager or young man, particularly when cautioning him or offering him advice.
  3. An inexperienced cowboy.
  4. (slang) A tourist.
  5. (archaic) A man who is very concerned about his dress and appearance; a dandy, a fop.

  American actor, singer and producer Jeff Bridges, who played Jeffrey “The Dude” Lebowski in the 1998 film The Big Lebowski, was born on this day in 1949.

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5Edit

 

Word of the day for December 5
ulterior adj
  1. Situated beyond, or on the farther side.
  2. Beyond what is obvious or evident.
  3. Being intentionally concealed so as to deceive.
  4. (archaic) Happening later; subsequent.
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6Edit

 

Word of the day for December 6
them's the facts phrase
  1. (idiomatic, colloquial) Those are the facts, that's the truth, that's how it is.

  The first “number”, or part, of the Encyclopædia Britannica was published in Edinburgh, Scotland, UK, on this day in 1768.

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7Edit

8Edit

 

Word of the day for December 8
tankie n
  1. (communism, slang, historical, Britain) A member of the Communist Party of Great Britain who slavishly agreed with the Soviet Union's policy of crushing revolts in Hungary in the 1950s and Czechoslovakia in the 1960s by sending army tanks into these countries.
  2. (communism, slang, derogatory, by extension) A person acting as an apologist for the brutal policies of Joseph Stalin (1878–1953), the leader of the Soviet Union.
  3. (military slang) A soldier from a tank regiment.
  4. (rail transport, slang) A tank engine.
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9Edit

 

Word of the day for December 9
hit point n
  1. (chiefly role-playing games) A unit of damage, used to specify the amount of damage a character can withstand before it is defeated.
  2. (computer graphics) In ray tracing, the point in a scene at which a ray strikes an object.
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10Edit

 

Word of the day for December 10
clomp v
  1. (transitive) To make a clomping sound (with some object).
  2. (intransitive) To move in a way that makes loud noises with one's feet.
  3. (intransitive, rare) To walk with wooden shoes.

  To mark Koninkrijksdag (Kingdom Day; 15 December), which commemorates the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands, we are featuring a series of words of Dutch origin.

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11Edit

 

Word of the day for December 11
hedge sermon n
  1. (Christianity, historical) An open-air religious service held by Calvinists in the Low Countries during the Reformation, typically in rural areas beyond the reach of civic authorities.

  To mark Koninkrijksdag (Kingdom Day; 15 December), which commemorates the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands, we are featuring a series of words of Dutch origin.

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12Edit

 

Word of the day for December 12
cockalorum n
  1. A menial, yet self-important person; a person who makes empty boasts.
  2. Boastful speech, crowing.
  3. A game similar to leapfrog.

  To mark Koninkrijksdag (Kingdom Day; 15 December), which commemorates the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands, we are featuring a series of words of Dutch origin.

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13Edit

 

Word of the day for December 13
feague v
  1. To increase the liveliness of a horse by inserting an irritant, such as a piece of peeled raw ginger or a live eel, in its fundament.
  2. (obsolete) To beat or whip; to drive.
  3. (obsolete) To subject to some harmful scheme; to ‘do in’. []

  To mark Koninkrijksdag (Kingdom Day; 15 December), which commemorates the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands, we are featuring a series of words of Dutch origin.

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14Edit

 

Word of the day for December 14
handlanger n
  1. (South Africa) An unskilled assistant to an artisan.
  2. (South Africa, figuratively) An aide, an assistant.

  To mark Koninkrijksdag (Kingdom Day; 15 December), which commemorates the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands, we are featuring a series of words of Dutch origin.

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15Edit

 

Word of the day for December 15
stroopwafel n
  1. A Dutch waffle made from two thin wafers with syrup in between.

  To mark Koninkrijksdag (Kingdom Day; 15 December), which commemorates the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands, we are featuring a series of words of Dutch origin.

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16Edit

 

Word of the day for December 16
middelmannetjie n
  1. A ridge between ruts made by wheels in a dirt or gravel road.

  To mark Koninkrijksdag (Kingdom Day; 15 December), which commemorates the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands, we are featuring a series of words of Dutch origin. Today is also the Day of Reconciliation in South Africa.

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17Edit

 

Word of the day for December 17
keelhaul v
  1. (transitive, nautical) To punish by dragging under the keel of a ship.
  2. (transitive) To rebuke harshly.

  To mark Koninkrijksdag (Kingdom Day; 15 December), which commemorates the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands, we are featuring a series of words of Dutch origin.

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18Edit

 

Word of the day for December 18
patroon n
  1. (US) One of the landowning Dutch grandees of the Dutch colony of New Amsterdam, especially after it became a British possession renamed as New York.

  To mark Koninkrijksdag (Kingdom Day; 15 December), which commemorates the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands, we are featuring a series of words of Dutch origin.

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19Edit

 

Word of the day for December 19
humbug interj
  1. (slang) Balderdash!, nonsense!, rubbish!

  Charles Dickensnovella A Christmas Carol, featuring the character Ebenezer Scrooge who hates Christmas and calls it a “humbug”, was first published on this day in 1843.

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20Edit

 

Word of the day for December 20
tettix n
  1. A cicada, especially one in Greece.
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21Edit

 

Word of the day for December 21
glitten n
  1. A cross between a glove and a mitten, often in the form of a fingerless glove with an attached mitten-like flap that can be used to cover the fingers.

  The winter solstice in the Northern Hemisphere falls on this day in 2016.

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22Edit

23Edit

24Edit

 

Word of the day for December 24
sommelier n
  1. The member of staff at a restaurant who keeps the wine cellar and advises guests on a choice of wines; a wine steward, a wine waiter.

  Enjoy your Christmas Eve party!

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25Edit

 

Word of the day for December 25
Christingle n
  1. (Christianity) A small Christmas gift for children symbolizing Jesus Christ as the “light” of the world. A typical modern Christingle is made of an orange with sweets skewered into it, a candle inserted into the top, and a red ribbon wrapped round it.
  2. (Christianity) A church service for children incorporating Christingles, usually held during Advent.

  Merry Christmas from all of us at the Wiktionary!

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26Edit

 

Word of the day for December 26
Boxing Day n
  1. The day after Christmas; the 26th of December.
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27Edit

 

Word of the day for December 27
spuriosity n
  1. (rare) Spuriousness.
  2. (rare) That which is spurious; something false or illegitimate.
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28Edit

 

Word of the day for December 28
tortfeasance n
  1. (chiefly law) The condition, or an act, of doing wrong; the act of committing a tort.
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29Edit

30Edit

 

Word of the day for December 30
underfire v
  1. (transitive, intransitive) To heat from below.
  2. (transitive) To intentionally operate a boiler, furnace, oven, etc., at a low level.
  3. (intransitive) To burn fuel at less than the desired level, thus not providing heat efficiently.
  4. (transitive, ceramics) To fire at a low (or excessively low) temperature.
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31Edit

 

Word of the day for December 31
fireworks n
  1. [] (plural only) An event or a display where fireworks are set off.
  2. (plural only, figuratively) A boisterous or violent event or situation.

  Happy New Year’s Eve from all of us at the Wiktionary!

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