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ChineseEdit

Pronunciation 1Edit

 
work; worker; skill; profession; trade; craft; labor
husband; man
simp. and trad.
(工夫)
variant forms 功夫


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Initial () (28) (1)
Final () (1) (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuŋ/ /pɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuŋ/ /pio/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuŋ/ /pio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwŋ/ /puə̆/
Li
Rong
/kuŋ/ /pio/
Wang
Li
/kuŋ/ /pĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuŋ/ /pi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gōng

NounEdit

工夫

  1. time and effort taken to perform a task; work
  2. skills attained after taking the time and effort; skilfulness; expertise; workmanship
  3. work; labour; job; task
  4. time (for doing something); free time
  5. (colloquial) time (when something happened); moment; period
  6. Alternative form of 功夫 (gōngfu, “martial arts; kung fu”).

SynonymsEdit

  • (time and effort): 功夫 (gōngfu)

AdjectiveEdit

工夫

  1. (Min Nan) skilful; delicate; refined
  2. (Taiwanese Hokkien and Hakka) thoughtful; thorough
  3. (Taiwanese Hokkien) too polite; too courteous

Derived termsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit

 
work; worker; skill; profession; trade; craft; labor
husband; man
simp. and trad.
(工夫)


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 2/2
Initial () (28) (1)
Final () (1) (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () I III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuŋ/ /pɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuŋ/ /pio/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuŋ/ /pio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwŋ/ /puə̆/
Li
Rong
/kuŋ/ /pio/
Wang
Li
/kuŋ/ /pĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuŋ/ /pi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gōng

NounEdit

工夫

  1. (literary) temporary worker; casual labour

JapaneseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
ふう
Grade: 4
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

工夫 (hiragana くふう, rōmaji kufū)

  1. device; scheme; devising; scheming
  2. dedication to spiritual improvement (especially through Zen meditation)

VerbEdit

工夫する (suru conjugation, hiragana くふうする, rōmaji kufū suru)

  1. devise, come up with, contrive
ConjugationEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
こう
Grade: 2

Grade: 4
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

工夫 (hiragana こうふ, rōmaji kōfu)

  1. labourer; blue-collar worker

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

工夫 (gongbu) (hangeul 공부)

  1. Hanja form? of 공부 (learning, study).