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ChineseEdit

be; yes; this
 
happening; instance; reason; cause; deceased; old
simp. and trad.
(是故)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (25) (28)
Final () (11) (23)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇX/ /kuoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛX/ /kuoH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjɛX/ /koH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiə̆X/ /kɔH/
Li
Rong
/ʑieX/ /koH/
Wang
Li
/ʑǐeX/ /kuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑie̯X/ /kuoH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shì
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shì
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyeX › ‹ kuH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]eʔ/ /*kˁa(ʔ)-s/
English this fact; reason

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 11645 4228
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djeʔ/ /*kaːs/
Notes

ConjunctionEdit

是故

  1. (literary) because of this; thus; consequently

SynonymsEdit