ChineseEdit

elder brother younger brother
simp. and trad.
(兄弟)
anagram 弟兄

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • hiaⁿ-tī/hiaⁿ-tǐ - vernacular;
  • heng-tē/heng-tě - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
    • (Changsha)
      • Wiktionary: xiong1 di5
      • Sinological IPA (key) (old-style): /ɕiʊŋ³³ ti²¹⁻¹¹/
      • Sinological IPA (key) (new-style): /ɕin³³ ti²¹⁻¹¹/

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (32) (7) (7)
    Final () (112) (39) (39)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Closed Open Open
    Division () III IV IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /hˠwiæŋ/ /deiX/ /deiH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /hʷᵚiaŋ/ /deiX/ /deiH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /xiuaŋ/ /dɛiX/ /dɛiH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /hwiajŋ/ /dɛjX/ /dɛjH/
    Li
    Rong
    /xiuɐŋ/ /deiX/ /deiH/
    Wang
    Li
    /xĭwɐŋ/ /dieiX/ /dieiH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /xi̯wɐŋ/ /dʱieiX/ /dʱieiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xiōng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    hing1 dai6 dai6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xiōng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ xjwæng › ‹ dejX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m̥raŋ/ /*lˁəjʔ/
    English elder brother younger brother

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1 1/2 2/2
    No. 13905 2294 2297
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hmraŋ/ /*diːlʔ/ /*diːls/
    Notes

    NounEdit

    兄弟

    1. (literally) brother
    2. (literally) brethren; brothers and sisters; siblings
    3. (figuratively) brothers; close friends; good friends (Classifier: m)
    4. gangster
    SynonymsEdit
    • (brother):
    AntonymsEdit
    Derived termsEdit
    DescendantsEdit
    Sino-Xenic (兄弟):

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    NounEdit

    兄弟

    1. (Mandarin, Gan, Jin, dialectal Wu, colloquial) younger brother
    2. (colloquial) A term of address for a close friend of similar age or younger.
      兄弟今天請客兄弟今天请客  ―  Xiōngdì, wǒ jīntiān qǐngkè.  ―  My brother, it's my treat today.
      兄弟今仔日請人 [Taiwanese Hokkien, trad.]
      兄弟今仔日请人 [Taiwanese Hokkien, simp.]
      Hiaⁿ-tī, góa kin-á-ji̍t chhiáⁿ-lâng. [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]
      My brother, it's my treat today.
    SynonymsEdit

    PronounEdit

    兄弟

    1. A humble term of self-address used by a man to people of the same generation.

    JapaneseEdit

    Kanji in this term
    けい
    Grade: 2
    てい
    Grade: 2
    kan’on
    Kanji in this term
    きょう
    Grade: 2
    だい
    Grade: 2
    goon
     兄弟 on Japanese Wikipedia

    Alternative formsEdit

    • (siblings, sisters): 姉妹
    • (siblings, an elder brother and a younger sister): 兄妹
    • (siblings, an elder sister and a younger brother): 姉弟

    EtymologyEdit

    From (kyō, elder brother, 呉音 (goon)) +‎ (dai, younger brother, 呉音 (goon)), from Chinese 兄弟. Compare 兄妹 (keimai, elder brother and younger sister), 姉弟 (shitei, elder sister and younger brother).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (きょう)(だい) (kyōdaiきやうだい (kyaudai)? (alternative reading hiragana けいてい, rōmaji keitei)

    1. (collective) brothers
      だんご(さん)(きょう)(だい)
      dango san kyōdai
      Dango three brothers
    2. (collective, by extension) siblings
      (おとこ)(きょう)(だい)
      otoko kyōdai
      brothers
      (おんな)(きょう)(だい)
      onna kyōdai
      sisters
    3. (collective, by extension) brothers and sisters; brethren (brotherhood; fellowship)

    Usage notesEdit

    • Note that the alternative forms are specific to the kinds of siblings.
    • For the "siblings" sense, hiragana may be used instead of kanji.

    HypernymsEdit

    See alsoEdit

    See alsoEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    Hanja in this term

    NounEdit

    兄弟 (hyeongje) (hangeul 형제)

    1. Hanja form? of 형제 (brother, brothers, sibling).

    KunigamiEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate to Japanese 兄弟 (kyōdai).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    兄弟 (hiragana ちょーれー, romaji chōrē)

    1. (collective) siblings; brothers and sisters

    OkinawanEdit

    Kanji in this term
    ちょー
    Grade: 2
    でー
    Grade: 2

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate to Japanese 兄弟 (kyōdai).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    兄弟 (hiragana ちょーでー, romaji chōdē)

    1. (collective) siblings; brothers and sisters

    VietnameseEdit

    Hán tự in this term

    NounEdit

    兄弟

    1. chữ Hán form of huynh đệ (brothers).