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ChineseEdit

elder brother younger brother
simp. and trad.
(兄弟)
anagram 弟兄

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • hiaⁿ-tī/hiaⁿ-tǐ - vernacular;
  • heng-tē/heng-tě - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang
    • (Changsha)
      • Wiktionary: xiong1 di5
      • Sinological IPA (key) (old-style): /ɕiʊŋ³³ ti²¹⁻¹¹/
      • Sinological IPA (key) (new-style): /ɕin³³ ti²¹⁻¹¹/
  • NounEdit

    兄弟

    1. (literally) brother
    2. (literally) brethren; brothers and sisters; siblings
    3. (figuratively) brothers; close friends; good friends
    4. gangster
    5. (Dungan, also) younger brother

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 兄弟 (“brothers”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese 兄弟, 手足, 昆仲, 昆季
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 兄弟
    Mandarin Beijing 哥兒, 弟兄
    Taiwan 兄弟
    Jinan 弟兄, 弟兄們, 兄弟
    Xi'an 弟兄
    Wuhan 弟兄, 兄弟
    Chengdu 弟兄
    Yangzhou 弟兄
    Hefei 弟兄, 兄弟
    Cantonese Guangzhou 兄弟
    Hong Kong 兄弟
    Taishan 兄弟
    Gan Nanchang 兄弟
    Hakka Meixian 兄弟
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 兄弟
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 兄弟
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 兄弟
    Dongshi (Dabu) 兄弟
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 兄弟
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 兄弟
    Jin Taiyuan 弟兄, 兄弟
    Min Bei Jian'ou 兄弟
    Min Dong Fuzhou 兄弟, 兄弟哥
    Matsu 兄弟哥
    Min Nan Xiamen 兄弟
    Quanzhou 兄弟
    Zhangzhou 兄弟
    Taipei 兄弟
    Kaohsiung 兄弟
    Tainan 兄弟
    Taichung 兄弟仔
    Hsinchu 兄弟仔
    Lukang 兄弟
    Sanxia 兄弟
    Yilan 兄弟
    Kinmen 兄弟
    Magong 兄弟
    Philippines (Manila) 兄弟, 兄弟仔
    Chaozhou 兄弟
    Wu Suzhou 弟兄
    Wenzhou 兄弟
    Xiang Changsha 弟兄, 兄弟
    Shuangfeng 弟兄, 兄弟
    Derived termsEdit

    Pronunciation 2Edit


    NounEdit

    兄弟

    1. (Mandarin, Gan, Jin, dialectal Wu, colloquial) younger brother
    2. (colloquial) A term of address for a close friend of similar age or younger.
      兄弟今天請客 / 兄弟今天请客  ―  Xiōngdì, wǒ jīntiān qǐngkè.  ―  My brother, it's my treat today.
      兄弟今仔日請人 [Taiwanese, trad.]
      兄弟今仔日请人 [Taiwanese, simp.]
      Hiaⁿ-tī, góa kin-á-ji̍t chhiáⁿ-lâng. [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]
      My brother, it's my treat today.
    SynonymsEdit
    Dialectal synonyms of 弟弟 (“younger brother”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 弟弟
    Mandarin Beijing 兄弟, 弟弟
    Taiwan 弟弟
    Harbin 兄弟, 弟弟
    Jinan 兄弟, 弟弟
    Muping 兄兒, 兄弟
    Luoyang 兄弟
    Wanrong 兄弟 male speaker, 弟子 female speaker
    Xi'an 兄弟
    Xining 兄弟, 弟弟
    Xuzhou 弟弟, 兄弟
    Yinchuan 兄弟
    Ürümqi 弟弟, 兄弟, 富康子
    Wuhan 弟弟, 兄弟
    Chengdu 弟娃兒, 兄弟, 弟弟
    Guiyang , 兄弟, 弟弟 childish
    Liuzhou , 阿弟, 老弟
    Yangzhou 兄弟, 弟弟
    Nanjing 弟弟, 兄弟
    Hefei 兄弟, 弟弟
    Nantong 弟子
    Cantonese Guangzhou 細佬, 弟弟
    Hong Kong 細佬, 弟弟
    Taishan
    Dongguan 細佬, 弟弟
    Yangjiang 小弟
    Gan Nanchang 老弟, 兄弟
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang 老弟
    Hakka Meixian 老弟, 老弟仔
    Xingning 老弟, 老弟里
    Huidong (Daling) 老弟
    Qujiang 老弟
    Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 老弟
    Changting 老弟
    Pingyu 老弟子
    Wuping 老弟
    Liancheng 老弟
    Ninghua 老弟
    Yudu 老弟
    Ruijin 老弟
    Shicheng 老弟
    Shangyou 老弟
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 老弟
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 老弟
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 老弟
    Dongshi (Dabu) 老弟
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 老弟
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) 阿弟
    Sabah 老弟
    Huizhou Jixi
    Jin Taiyuan 兄弟, 弟弟
    Xinzhou 兄弟
    Min Bei Jian'ou 弟仔
    Min Dong Fuzhou 依弟 face-to-face,
    Min Nan Xiamen 小弟, 阿弟 face-to-face
    Quanzhou 小弟, 阿弟 face-to-face
    Zhangzhou 小弟, 阿弟 face-to-face
    Taipei 小弟
    Kaohsiung 小弟
    Penang 小弟, 阿棣
    Philippines (Manila) 小弟
    Chaozhou 阿弟
    Haikou 老弟 non-face-to-face, 阿弟 face-to-face
    Leizhou 老弟
    Pinghua Nanning 老弟
    Wu Shanghai 弟弟, 阿弟
    Suzhou 兄弟, 弟弟
    Hangzhou 阿弟, 弟弟
    Wenzhou 阿弟
    Chongming 兄弟
    Danyang 弟子
    Jinhua
    Ningbo 阿弟, 弟弟 face-to-face
    Xiang Changsha 老弟, 弟弟
    Shuangfeng 老弟, 弟弟
    Loudi 老弟

    PronounEdit

    兄弟

    1. A humble term of self-address used by a man to people of the same generation.

    JapaneseEdit

    Kanji in this term
    きょう
    Grade: 2
    だい
    Grade: 2
    goon
     兄弟 on Japanese Wikipedia

    EtymologyEdit

    From (kyō, elder brother, 呉音 (goon)) +‎ (dai, younger brother, 呉音 (goon)), from Chinese 兄弟. Compare 兄妹 (keimai, elder brother and younger sister), 姉弟 (shitei, elder sister and younger brother).

    PronunciationEdit

    Alternative formsEdit

    • (siblings, sisters): 姉妹
    • (siblings, an elder brother and a younger sister): 兄妹
    • (siblings, an elder sister and a younger brother): 姉弟

    NounEdit

    兄弟 (hiragana きょうだい, rōmaji kyōdai, historical hiragana きやうだい)

    1. (collective) brothers
    2. (collective, by extension) siblings
    3. (collective, by extension) brothers and sisters; brethren (brotherhood; fellowship)

    Usage notesEdit

    Note that the alternative forms are specific to the kinds of siblings.

    See alsoEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • The Oxford Starter Japanese Dictionary. →ISBN
    1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    Hanja in this term

    NounEdit

    兄弟 (hyeongje) (hangeul 형제)

    1. Hanja form? of 형제 (brother, brothers, sibling).

    KunigamiEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate to Japanese 兄弟 (kyōdai).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    兄弟 (hiragana ちょーれー, romaji chōrē)

    1. (collective) siblings; brothers and sisters

    OkinawanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Cognate to Japanese 兄弟 (kyōdai).

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    兄弟 (hiragana ちょーでー, romaji chōdē)

    1. (collective) siblings; brothers and sisters

    VietnameseEdit

    Hán tự in this term

    NounEdit

    兄弟

    1. Hán tự form of huynh đệ (brothers).