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See also: -가

(see here for the particle and verbal suffix)

U+AC00, 가
HANGUL SYLLABLE GA
Composition: +
[unassigned: U+ABFA–U+ABFF]

[U+ABF9]
Hangul Syllables
[U+AC01]
U+320E, ㈎
PARENTHESIZED HANGUL KIYEOK A

[U+320D]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+320F]
U+326E, ㉮
CIRCLED HANGUL KIYEOK A

[U+326D]
Enclosed CJK Letters and Months
[U+326F]




→ 개

Korean edit

Etymology 1 edit

(g) is the first consonant and (a) is the first vowel in the ordering of Hangul.

Symbol edit

(ga)

  1. The first syllable in the standard ordering of Hangul, the Korean alphabet. Often used to mark the first item of a list or sub-list, equivalent to English (A).
Derived terms edit
  • 가갸시절 (gagyasijeol, childhood; time when you first learn your letters)(North Korea)
See also edit

Etymology 2 edit

First attested in the Yongbi eocheon'ga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean ᄀᆞᇫ〯 (Yale: kǒz).

Pronunciation edit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ka̠(ː)]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ga
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ga
McCune–Reischauer?ka
Yale Romanization?

Noun edit

(ga)

  1. (especially in compounds) border, edge, end
    Antonyms: (sok), (an)
    강가ganggariverside
    냇가naetgastreamside
    우물가umulgawell side
  2. (with an implied or explicit possessor) around, nearby, beside
    Synonyms: (yeop), 주변(周邊) (jubyeon)
    앉았다.Geu ga-e na-neun anjatda.I sat beside it.
    부처님 만발했다.
    Bucheonim ga-e kkot-deur-i manbal-haetda.
    The flowers were in full bloom around the Buddha.
  3. brim (of a vessel)
    참기름 따를 흘리지 도록 조심해라.
    Chamgireum-eul ttareul ttae ga-e heulliji an-torok josimhaera.
    Be careful not to spill on the brim when pouring sesame oil.
Usage notes edit
  • In compounds, it takes the genitive (-s-).
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Sino-Korean word from (house, family).

Pronunciation edit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ga
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ga
McCune–Reischauer?ka
Yale Romanization?ka

Noun edit

(ga) (hanja )

  1. (formal) family, household
    Synonym: 가족(家族) (gajok)
  2. (chiefly in compounds) dynasty, lineage, household, House
    합스부르크hapseubureukeu-gaHouse of Hapsburg
    재벌jaebeol-gacorporate family

Suffix edit

—가 (-ga) (hanja )

  1. -er, -ist
    Synonyms: 자(者) (ja), 수(手) (su)
    건축(建築) (geonchuk, architecture) + ‎가(家) (ga) → ‎건축가(建築家) (geonchukga, architect)
    전략(戰略) (jeollyak, strategy) + ‎가(家) (ga) → ‎전략가(戰略家) (jeollyakga, strategist)
    자본(資本) (jabon, capital) + ‎가(家) (ga) → ‎자본가(資本家) (jabon'ga, capitalist)
    애묘(愛猫) (aemyo, loving cats) + ‎가(家) (ga) → ‎애묘가(愛猫家) (aemyoga, cat-lover)

Derived terms edit

Etymology 4 edit

Sino-Korean word from (possible).

Pronunciation edit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ka̠(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ga
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ga
McCune–Reischauer?ka
Yale Romanization?

Noun edit

(ga) (hanja )

  1. (chiefly suffixal) allowed; permitted
    Antonym: 불가(不可) (bulga)
    15 관람sibose gwallam gathose of age 15 permitted to watch
    분할 상환bunhal sanghwan gadivided reimbursement allowed
  2. aye, for (in meetings, etc.)
    Antonym: 부(否) (bu)
    의원 여러분께서 안건 대해 인지 인지 결정해주시기 바랍니다.
    Uiwon yeoreobun-kkeseo-neun bon an'geon-e daehae ga-inji bu-inji-reul gyeoljeonghae-jusigi-reul baramnida.
    Members of parliament, please decide whether you are for or against on this agenda.
  3. The lowest score in the five-point grading system in South Korean schools, ultimately abolished in 2012; equivalent to E or F in the Roman alphabet grading scheme.
    Coordinate terms: 수(秀) (su), 우(優) (u), 미(美) (mi), 양(良) (yang)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 5 edit

Sino-Korean word from (price, value).

Suffix edit

—가 (-ga) (hanja )

  1. price
  2. (physics, after a numeral) valence
Derived terms edit

Etymology 6 edit

Sino-Korean word from (street).

Suffix edit

—가 (-ga) (hanja )

  1. (in address names) street
    종로3jongno-sam-gaJongno, third street
Derived terms edit

Etymology 7 edit

Sino-Korean word from (false).

Pronunciation edit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ka̠(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescribed in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ga
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ga
McCune–Reischauer?ka
Yale Romanization?

Prefix edit

가— (ga-) (hanja )

  1. false
  2. temporary
Derived terms edit
Related terms edit

Etymology 8 edit

Sino-Korean word from (to add).

Pronunciation edit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ga
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ga
McCune–Reischauer?ka
Yale Romanization?ka

Root edit

(ga) (hanja )

  1. Root of 가하다 (gahada). Rarely used alone.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 9 edit

From Middle Korean 가〮 (Yale: ); see the main entry for more.

Pronunciation edit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?ga
Revised Romanization (translit.)?ga
McCune–Reischauer?ka
Yale Romanization?ka

Verb edit

(ga)

  1. infinitive of 가다 (gada, to go): see 가다 (gada), (-eo).
  2. informal non-polite non-past indicative of 가다 (gada, to go)
  3. informal non-polite non-past interrogative of 가다 (gada, to go)
  4. informal non-polite hortative of 가다 (gada, to go)
  5. informal non-polite imperative of 가다 (gada, to go)
  6. formal non-polite cause/reason of 가다 (gada, to go)

Etymology 10 edit

Modern Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

Syllable edit

(ga)

Extended content
  1. : lie
    (eumhun reading: 거짓 (geojit ga))
    (MC reading: )
  2. : temple
    (eumhun reading: (jeol ga))
    (MC reading: (MC gja))
  3. : beautiful
    (eumhun reading: 아름다울 (areumdaul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kea))
  4. : lie
    (eumhun reading: 거짓 (geojit ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kaeX|kaeH))
  5. : furniture
    (eumhun reading: 가구 (gagu ga))
    (MC reading: )
  6. : price
    (eumhun reading: (gap ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kaeH))
  7. : to add
    (eumhun reading: 더할 (deohal ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kae))
  8. : right; able
    (eumhun reading: 옳을 (oreul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC khaX))
  9. : to scold
    (eumhun reading: 꾸짖을 (kkujijeul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC xa|xaH))
  10. : coffee
    (eumhun reading: 커피 (keopi ga))
    (MC reading: )
  11. : a surname
    (eumhun reading: 성씨 (seongssi ga))
    (MC reading: (MC ka))
  12. : right, good
    (eumhun reading: 옳을 (oreul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kaX))
  13. : beautiful, joyous; happy
    (eumhun reading: 아름다울 (areumdaul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kae))
  14. : uneven; unlevel
    (eumhun reading: 평탄하지 않을 (pyeongtanhaji aneul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC khaX|khaH))
  15. : get married (of women)
    (eumhun reading: 시집갈 (sijipgal ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kaeH))
  16. : house
    (eumhun reading: (jip ga))
    (MC reading: (MC thwot))
  17. : house
    (eumhun reading: (jip ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kae))
  18. : severe; harsh
    (eumhun reading: 가혹할 (gahokhal ga))
    (MC reading: (MC ha))
  19. : lotus root, aubergine
    (eumhun reading: 연줄기, 가지 (yeonjulgi, gaji ga))
    (MC reading: (MC gja|kae))
  20. : reed
    (eumhun reading: 갈대 (galdae ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kae))
  21. : drinking-cup
    (eumhun reading: 술잔 (suljan ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kaeX))
  22. : spare time
    (eumhun reading: , 겨를 (teum, gyeoreul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC haeH))
  23. : rack
    (eumhun reading: 시렁 (sireong ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kaeH))
  24. : knife; flail
    (eumhun reading: (kal ga))
    (MC reading: (MC gja|kae))
  25. : branch
    (eumhun reading: 가지 (gaji ga))
    (MC reading: (MC ka))
  26. : catalpa
    (eumhun reading: 개오동나무 (gae'odongnamu ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kaeX))
  27. : catalpa
    (eumhun reading: 개오동나무 (gae'odongnamu ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kaeX))
  28. : music; song
    (eumhun reading: 노래 (norae ga))
    (MC reading: (MC ka))
  29. : agate
    (eumhun reading: 마노 (mano ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kha))
  30. : hair ornament
    (eumhun reading: 머리꾸미개 (meorikkumigae ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kae))
  31. : used in transliterating Sanskrit
    (eumhun reading: 부처 이름 (bucheo ireum ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kja|kae))
  32. : scab
    (eumhun reading: 딱지 (ttakji ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kae))
  33. : to plant
    (eumhun reading: 심을 (simeul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kaeH))
  34. : a reed pipe
    (eumhun reading: 호드기 (hodeugi ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kae))
  35. : flail
    (eumhun reading: 도리깨 (dorikkae ga))
    (MC reading: )
  36. : boat; ship
    (eumhun reading: (bae ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kaX))
  37. : street
    (eumhun reading: 거리 (geori ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kea|keaj))
  38. : the robes of fully ordained Buddhist monks and nuns
    (eumhun reading: 가사 (gasa ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kae))
  39. : to scold
    (eumhun reading: 꾸짖을 (kkujijeul ga))
    (MC reading: (MC xa))
  40. : music; song
    (eumhun reading: 노래 (norae ga))
    (MC reading: (MC ka))
  41. : price, value
    (eumhun reading: (gap ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kuX|kaeX|kaeH))
  42. : to do a lotus position
    (eumhun reading: 책상다리할 (chaeksangdarihal ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kae))
  43. : handcart, a surname
    (eumhun reading: 수레, 사람 이름 (sure, saram ireum ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kha|khaX|khaH))
  44. : yoke
    (eumhun reading: 멍에 (meong'e ga))
    (MC reading: (MC kaeH))