Y

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Y U+0059, Y
LATIN CAPITAL LETTER Y
X
[U+0058]
Basic Latin Z
[U+005A]
U+FF39, Y
FULLWIDTH LATIN CAPITAL LETTER Y

[U+FF38]
Halfwidth and Fullwidth Forms
[U+FF3A]

Translingual edit

 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology edit

A late borrowing from the Ancient Greek letter Υ (U, ypsilon), first used to write Greek loanwords in Latin, derived from the Phoenician letter ⁧𐤅(w, waw), from the Egyptian hieroglyph 𓏲.

Letter edit

Y (lower case y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the basic modern Latin alphabet.

See also edit

Symbol edit

Y

  1. (chemistry) Symbol for yttrium
  2. (metrology) Symbol for prefix yotta-
  3. (genetics) IUPAC 1-letter abbreviation for any pyrimidine
  4. (biochemistry) IUPAC 1-letter abbreviation for tyrosine
  5. (travel, aviation) The reservation booking designator for the highest level of economy air fare.
  6. (mathematics, computer science) A Fixed-point combinator; especially Haskell Curry's combinator defined as λ f.(λ x.f (x x)) (λx.f (x x))

Gallery edit

See also edit

Other representations of Y:

English edit

Pronunciation edit

Etymology 1 edit

Letter edit

Y (upper case, lower case y, plural Ys or Y's)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the English alphabet, called wye and written in the Latin script.
  2. Used for the Greek letter Υ (Y, upsilon).
See also edit

Noun edit

Y (plural Ys)

  1. A figure or mark in the shape of the letter Y.
  2. A Y-shaped object, such as a railroad fork or a support for a telescope; a wye, a bifurcation.
  3. (lepidopterology) A moth of the genus Plusia, having markings resembling the letter Y.
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Abbreviations.

Interjection edit

Y

  1. Abbreviation of yes.

Noun edit

Y (plural Ys)

  1. Abbreviation of year. (In some contexts as YY or YYYY to indicate only the last 2-digits or all 4-digits.)

Noun edit

Y

  1. (stenoscript) Abbreviation of year.

Etymology 3 edit

Clippings.

Proper noun edit

the Y

  1. (Canada, US) Clipping of the YMCA or YWCA.
    • 2001, Jonathan Franzen, The Corrections:
      He had sat next to Cindy returning from the Y and smelled the chlorine on her. A sodden Band-Aid had clung by a few lingering bits of stickum to her knee.

Noun edit

Y (plural Ys)

  1. (Canada, US, informal) A particular facility run by the YMCA/YWCA.
    • a. 1969, John Kennedy Toole, A Confederacy of Dunces, Penguin, published 1981, →ISBN:
      Of course, the audience up here at the Bronx “Y” will probably be a little parochial, but if I make good in the lecture, I might one day end up speaking down at the Lex. Ave. “Y” where great thinkers like Norman Mailer and Seymour Krim are always airing their views.
    • 2021 May 17, Jane E. Brody, “A Birthday Milestone: Turning 80!”, in The New York Times[1], →ISSN:
      When a 50ish woman at my Y learned that I was about to turn 80, she exclaimed, “80 is the new 60, and you set a great example for the rest of us!”

Etymology 4 edit

See IJ.

Proper noun edit

Y

  1. Obsolete form of IJ (a lake (formerly a bay) adjoining the city of Amsterdam, Netherlands).
    • 1813, William Müller, D. P., Topographical and Military Description of Germany and the Surrounding Country, 2nd edition, London: T. Egerton, pages 4–5:
      Amsterdam, Hol. fortif. on the gulf Y and the Amstel river, 27,000 ho. in the town, nearly as many in the suburbs; 210,000 inh. 1000 rp. 50,000 lm. 6000 sailors; well built, many canals, ground very damp and marshy, very clean streets, []

Afar edit

Letter edit

Y

  1. The twenty-second and final letter in the Afar alphabet.

See also edit

Afrikaans edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /əɪ̯/

Letter edit

Y (upper case, lower case y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Afrikaans alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Noun edit

Y (plural Y's, diminutive Y'tjie)

  1. Y

Azerbaijani edit

Letter edit

Y upper case (lower case y)

  1. The thirty-first letter of the Azerbaijani alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Basque edit

Pronunciation edit

  • IPA(key): /i ɡreko/, [i ɣ̞re̞.ko̞]

Letter edit

Y (upper case, lower case y)

  1. The twenty-sixth letter of the Basque alphabet, called i greko and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes edit

  • Used chiefly in recent loanwords and foreign proper nouns.

See also edit

Central Franconian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • /i/, (German-based also) /y/, /yː/

Letter edit

Y

  1. A letter in the German-based alphabet of Central Franconian.
  2. A letter in the Dutch-based alphabet of Central Franconian.

Usage notes edit

  • Only used rarely in loanwords, respectively after the German or Dutch cognate.

Chinese edit

Pronunciation 1 edit


Note: Often realised as one syllable.
Note:
  • Often realised as one syllable;
  • 1ua often pronounced as 1hhua.

Letter edit

Y

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Latin alphabet.

Pronunciation 2 edit


Letter edit

Y

  1. The twenty-fifth letter used in Pinyin.
Usage notes edit
  • 《汉语拼音方案》 defines a standard pronunciation for each letter. However, these pronunciations are rarely used in education; another pronunciation is commonly used instead.
  • The pronunciation above are only used while referring to letters in Pinyin. They are not used in other context (such as English).

Dutch edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

Y (capital, lowercase y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Dutch alphabet.

See also edit

  • Previous letter: X
  • Next letter: Z

Finnish edit

Etymology edit

The Finnish orthography using the Latin script was based on those of Swedish, German and Latin, and was first used in the mid-16th century. No earlier script is known. See the Wikipedia article on Finnish for more information, and Y for information on the development of the glyph itself. In particular, the use of y for /y/ follows the Swedish orthography, which in turn follows Latin.

Letter edit

Y (upper case, lower case y)

  1. The twenty-fourth letter of the Finnish alphabet, called yy and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

German edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /ˈʏpsilɔn/
  • (phoneme)
    • In Greek words generally /ʏ/, /yː/, but in unstressed syllables alternatively /i/ (e.g. in poly-).
    • In other borrowings, e.g. from English, /j/, /ɪ/, /iː/, /aɪ̯/, etc.
    • Natively only in proper nouns, mostly in -ay-, -ey-, both pronounced /aɪ̯/.

Letter edit

Y (upper case, lower case y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the German alphabet.

Hungarian edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): [ˈi]
  • (letter name): IPA(key): [ˈipsilon]

Letter edit

Y (upper case, lower case y)

  1. A letter of the extended Hungarian alphabet, called ipszilon and written in the Latin script.

Declension edit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative Y Y-ok
accusative Y-t Y-okat
dative Y-nak Y-oknak
instrumental Y-nal Y-okkal
causal-final Y-ért Y-okért
translative Y-ná Y-okká
terminative Y-ig Y-okig
essive-formal Y-ként Y-okként
essive-modal
inessive Y-ban Y-okban
superessive Y-on Y-okon
adessive Y-nál Y-oknál
illative Y-ba Y-okba
sublative Y-ra Y-okra
allative Y-hoz Y-okhoz
elative Y-ból Y-okból
delative Y-ról Y-okról
ablative Y-tól Y-októl
non-attributive
possessive - singular
Y-é Y-oké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
Y-éi Y-okéi
Possessive forms of Y
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. Y-om Y-aim, Y-jaim
2nd person sing. Y-od Y-aid, Y-jaid
3rd person sing. Y-a, Y-ja Y-ai, Y-jai
1st person plural Y-unk Y-aink, Y-jaink
2nd person plural Y-otok Y-aitok, Y-jaitok
3rd person plural Y-uk, Y-juk Y-aik, Y-jaik

Derived terms edit

See also edit

Ido edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

Y (lower case y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Ido alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Italian edit

 
Italian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia it

Pronunciation edit

  • (letter name) IPA(key): /i‿ɡˈɡrɛ.ka/, /i‿ɡˈɡrɛ.ko/, /ˈi.psi.lon/[1]
  • (phonemic realization) IPA(key): /j/, /i/ (varies depending on the loanword)

Letter edit

Y f or m (invariable, upper case, lower case y)

  1. the twenty-fifth letter of the Latin alphabet, called ipsilon, i greco or i greca in Italian

Usage notes edit

  • The letter Y is not considered part of the Italian alphabet. It is found mainly in loanwords.

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ Y in Luciano Canepari, Dizionario di Pronuncia Italiana (DiPI)

Kashubian edit

Etymology edit

The Kashubian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Kashubian alphabet article on Wikipedia for more, and Y for development of the glyph itself.

Letter edit

Y (upper case, lower case y)

  1. The thirty-first letter of the Kashubian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Lower Sorbian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

Y (lower case y)

  1. The thirty-first letter of the Lower Sorbian alphabet, called y and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Malay edit

 
Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

Y

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Nupe edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

Y (upper case, lower case y)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Nupe alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Polish edit

Etymology edit

The Polish orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the history of Polish orthography article on Wikipedia for more, and Y for development of the glyph itself.

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

Y (upper case, lower case y)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Polish alphabet, called y or igrek and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Portuguese edit

Letter edit

Y (upper case, lower case y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Portuguese alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Noun edit

Y m (plural Ys)

  1. fork (area where something forks)
    Synonyms: forquilha, bifurcação, ramificação

Romanian edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

Y (upper case, lower case y)

  1. The thirtieth letter of the Romanian alphabet, called igrec or i grec and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes edit

Used chiefly in recent loanwords and foreign proper nouns.

See also edit

Saanich edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

Y

  1. The thirty-seventh letter of the Saanich alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Silesian edit

Etymology edit

The Silesian orthography is based on the Latin alphabet. No earlier script is known. See the Silesian language article on Wikipedia for more, and Y for development of the glyph itself.

Letter edit

Y (upper case, lower case y)

  1. The thirty-first letter of the Silesian alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Somali edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ʝ/, /ɪ̯/, /i̯/
  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ʝæ/

Letter edit

Y upper case (lower case y)

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Somali alphabet, called ya and written in the Latin script.

Usage notes edit

  1. The twenty-second letter of the Somali alphabet, which follows Arabic abjad order. It is preceded by H and followed by A.

See also edit

Spanish edit

Letter edit

Y (upper case, lower case y)

  1. the 26th letter of the Spanish alphabet

Tagalog edit

Etymology edit

From Spanish Y. Each pronunciation has a different source:

  • Filipino alphabet pronunciation is influenced by English Y.
  • Abakada alphabet pronunciation is influenced by Baybayin character (ya).
  • Abecedario pronunciation is from Spanish Y.

Pronunciation edit

  • Hyphenation: Y
  • (letter name, Filipino alphabet): IPA(key): /waj/, [waɪ̯]
  • (letter name, Abakada alphabet): IPA(key): /ja/, [jɐ]
  • (letter name, Abecedario): IPA(key): /ˈje/, [ˈjɛ]
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /j/, [j]
  • (phoneme, used as a vowel): IPA(key): /i/, [ɪ]
  • Rhymes: -aj, -a, -e

Letter edit

Y (upper case, lower case y, Baybayin spelling ᜏᜌ᜔)

  1. The twenty-seventh letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Filipino alphabet), called way and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Letter edit

Y (upper case, lower case y, Baybayin spelling )

  1. The twentieth letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Abakada alphabet), called ya and written in the Latin script.

Letter edit

Y (upper case, lower case y, Baybayin spelling ᜌᜒ)

  1. (historical) The twenty-seventh letter of the Tagalog alphabet (Abecedario), called ye and written in the Latin script.

Further reading edit

  • Y”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018

Turkish edit

Letter edit

Y (upper case, lower case y)

  1. The twenty-eighth letter of the Turkish alphabet, called ye and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Vietnamese edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (Hà Nội) IPA(key): [ʔi˧˧ zaːj˨˩], [ʔi˧˧ ɣəː˨˩ zɛt̚˧˦]
  • (Huế) IPA(key): [ʔɪj˧˧ jaːj˦˩], [ʔɪj˧˧ ɣəː˦˩ ʐɛt̚˦˧˥]
  • (Hồ Chí Minh City) IPA(key): [ʔɪj˧˧ jaːj˨˩], [ʔɪj˧˧ ɣəː˨˩ ɹɛk̚˦˥]
  • Phonetic: i dài, i gờ rét

Letter edit

Y (upper case, lower case y)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Vietnamese alphabet, called i dài or i gờ-rét and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Welsh edit

Pronunciation edit

  • (standard) IPA(key): /ə/, /əː/

Letter edit

Y (upper case, lower case y)

  1. The twenty-ninth letter of the Welsh alphabet, called e and written in the Latin script. It is preceded by W.

Mutation edit

  • Y cannot be mutated but, being a vowel, does take h-prothesis, for example with the word ysgol (school; ladder):
Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal h-prothesis
ysgol unchanged unchanged hysgol
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

See also edit

Further reading edit

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “Y”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Yoruba edit

Pronunciation edit

Letter edit

Y (upper case, lower case y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Yoruba alphabet, called and written in the Latin script.

See also edit

Zulu edit

Letter edit

Y (upper case, lower case y)

  1. The twenty-fifth letter of the Zulu alphabet, written in the Latin script.

See also edit